furca m (genitive singular furca, nominative plural furcaí)
Forms with the definite article
|Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.|
- "furca" in Foclóir Gaeilge–Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
- Entries containing “furca” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
First recorded in Late Latin; uncertain origin. In its primary sense of "fork", Latin furca appears to be derived from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰerk(ʷ)-, *ǵʰerg(ʷ)- (“fork”), although the development of the -c- is difficult to explain. In other senses this derivation is unlikely. For these, perhaps it is connected to Proto-Germanic *furkaz, *firkalaz (“stake, stick, pole, post”), from Proto-Indo-European *perg- (“pole, post”). If so, this would relate the word to Old English forclas pl (“bolt”), Old Saxon ferkal (“lock, bolt, bar”), Old Norse forkr (“pole, staff, stick”), Norwegian fork (“stick, bat”), Swedish fork (“pole”).
- A two-pronged fork, pitchfork.
- A fork-shaped prop, pole or stake.
- An instrument of punishment, a frame in the form of a fork, which was placed on a culprit's neck, while his hands were fastened to the two ends; yoke.
- Aromanian: furcã
- Dalmatian: fuarca
- Friulian: forcje
- Italian: forca
- Old French: furche, forche
- Old Leonese:
- Asturian: forca
- Old Occitan:
- Old Portuguese:
- Romanian: furcă
- Old Spanish: forca
- Romansch: furtga, fuortga, fuorcha
- Sardinian: frúca, furca
- Sicilian: furca
- Venetian: forca
- → Albanian: furkë
- → Proto-Brythonic: *forx
- Welsh: fforch
- → Proto-West Germanic: *furkō (see there for further descendants)
- → Old Irish: forc
- “furca”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- “furca”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- furca in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
- furca in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
- “furca”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
- “furca”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin