furca m (genitive singular furca, nominative plural furcaí)
- wrinkle, pucker, fold
|Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.
First recorded in Late Latin; uncertain origin. In its primary sense of "fork", Latin furca appears to be derived from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰerk(ʷ)-, *ǵʰerg(ʷ)- (“fork”), although the development of the -c- is difficult to explain. In other senses this derivation is unlikely. For these, perhaps it is connected to Proto-Germanic *furkaz, *firkalaz (“stake, stick, pole, post”), from Proto-Indo-European *perg- (“pole, post”). If so, this would relate the word to Old English forclas pl (“bolt”), Old Saxon ferkal (“lock, bolt, bar”), Old Norse forkr (“pole, staff, stick”), Norwegian fork (“stick, bat”), Swedish fork (“pole”).
furca f (genitive furcae); first declension
- A two-pronged fork, pitchfork.
- A fork-shaped prop, pole or stake.
- An instrument of punishment, a frame in the form of a fork, which was placed on a culprit's neck, while his hands were fastened to the two ends; yoke.
- furca in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- furca in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- furca in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
- furca in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
- furca in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
- furca in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin