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See also: furcă and furcã



First recorded in Late Latin; uncertain origin. Often explained as a borrowing from Proto-Germanic *furkaz (pole, stake).



furca f (genitive furcae); first declension

  1. A two-pronged fork, pitchfork.
  2. A fork-shaped prop, pole or stake.
  3. An instrument of punishment, a frame in the form of a fork, which was placed on a culprit's neck, while his hands were fastened to the two ends; yoke.


First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative furca furcae
genitive furcae furcārum
dative furcae furcīs
accusative furcam furcās
ablative furcā furcīs
vocative furca furcae

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See also[edit]


  • furca in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • furca in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “furca”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • furca” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • furca in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • furca in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin