hark

From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English herken, herkien, from Old English *hercian, *heorcian, *hiercian, from Proto-West Germanic *hauʀikōn, *hauʀukōn, derived ultimately from Proto-Germanic *hauzijaną (to hear) + formative/intensive -k (see also the related hīeran, whence English hear). Equivalent to hear +‎ -k. Cognate with Scots herk (to hark), North Frisian harke (to hark), West Frisian harkje (to listen), obsolete Dutch horken (to hark, listen to), Middle Low German horken (to hark), German horchen (to hark, harken to).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: härk, IPA(key): /hɑː(ɹ)k/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɑː(ɹ)k

Verb[edit]

hark (third-person singular simple present harks, present participle harking, simple past and past participle harked)

  1. (archaic, often imperative) To listen attentively.
    • c. 1596–1598 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Merchant of Venice”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act V, scene i], page 182:
      But harke, I heare the footing of a man.
    • 1739, Charles Wesley, George Whitefield, “Hymn for Christmas-Day”, in Hymns and Sacred Poems:
      Hark! the herald angels sing / Glory to the new born King
    • 1856, Herman Melville, The Lightning Rod Man:
      "Hark! The thunder becomes less muttering. It is nearing us, and nearing the earth, too. Hark! One crammed crash! All the vibrations made one by nearness. Another flash. Hold."
    • 1906, O. Henry, “Between Rounds”, in The Four Million:
      Loud voices and a renewed uproar were raised in front of the boarding-house [] "'Tis Missis Murphy's voice," said Mrs. McCaskey, harking.
    • 1959, Tom Lehrer (lyrics and music), “A Christmas Carol”:
      Hark! The Herald Tribune sings, / Advertising wondrous things!

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

hark (plural harks)

  1. (Scots) A whisper

Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed through Vulgar Latin from Latin arcus.

Noun[edit]

hark m

  1. bow
  2. arch

Synonyms[edit]

Basque[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (Southern) /ark/, [ark]
  • IPA(key): (Northern) /hark/, [ɦark]

Determiner[edit]

hark

  1. ergative singular of hura

Pronoun[edit]

hark

  1. ergative singular of hura

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch harke, of uncertain origin, but probably imitative of scratching or raking, similar to Icelandic hark (noise, tumult) and Swedish harkla (to clear the throat).

Noun[edit]

hark m (plural harken, diminutive harkje n)

  1. rake (garden tool)
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Caribbean Javanese: hareg
  • Papiamentu: harka, hark
  • Saramaccan: hálíki
  • Sranan Tongo: ar'ari, har'hari

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

hark

  1. inflection of harken:
    1. first-person singular present indicative
    2. imperative

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse hark (sound), probably of imitative origin. Compare the cognates listed at Swedish harkla (to clear the throat).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hark n (genitive singular harks, no plural)

  1. noise, tumult, commotion, din

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Yola[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English herken, from Old English *hercian.

Verb[edit]

hark

  1. to hark
    • 1867, “CASTEALE CUDDE'S LAMENTATION”, in SONGS, ETC. IN THE DIALECT OF FORTH AND BARGY, number 1, page 102:
      Ye nyporès aul, come hark to mee,
      Ye neighbours all, come hark to me,

References[edit]

  • Jacob Poole (1867), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, page 102