rake

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English[edit]

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Wikipedia

Wooden rake
Heavy duty rake

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Old English raca, from Proto-Germanic *rakaz

Noun[edit]

rake ‎(plural rakes)

  1. A garden tool with a row of pointed teeth fixed to a long handle, used for collecting grass or debris, or for loosening soil.
    • 1879, Richard Jefferies, The Amateur Poacher, chapterII:
      Orion hit a rabbit once; but though sore wounded it got to the bury, and, struggling in, the arrow caught the side of the hole and was drawn out. []. Ikey the blacksmith had forged us a spearhead after a sketch from a picture of a Greek warrior; and a rake-handle served as a shaft.
  2. (Ireland, slang) A lot, plenty.
    Jim has had a rake of trouble with his new car.
  3. (geology) The direction of slip during fault movement. The rake is measured within the fault plane.
  4. (roofing) The sloped edge of a roof at or adjacent to the first or last rafter.
  5. (rail transport) A set of coupled rail vehicles, normally coaches or wagons.
    The train was formed of a locomotive and a rake of six coaches.
  6. (cellular automata) A puffer that emits a stream of spaceships rather than a trail of debris.
  7. The scaled commission fee taken by a cardroom operating a poker game.
  8. A toothed machine drawn by a horse, used for collecting hay or grain; a horserake.
  9. (mining) A fissure or mineral vein traversing the strata vertically, or nearly so.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

rake ‎(third-person singular simple present rakes, present participle raking, simple past and past participle raked)

  1. To use a rake on (leaves, debris, soil, a lawn, etc) in order to loosen, gather together, or remove debris from.
    We raked all the leaves into a pile
  2. To search thoroughly.
    Detectives appeared, roped the curious people out of the grounds, and raked the place for clews. -- Captain John Blaine
    • Dryden
      raking in Chaucer for antiquated words
    • Jonathan Swift
      The statesman rakes the town to find a plot.
  3. To spray with gunfire.
    the enemy machine guns raked the roadway
  4. To claw at; to scratch.
    Her sharp fingernails raked the side of my face.
    • Wordsworth
      like clouds that rake the mountain summits
  5. To gather, especially quickly (often as rake in)
    The casino is just raking in the cash; it's like a license to print money.
  6. (intransitive) To pass with violence or rapidity; to scrape along.
    • Sir Philip Sidney
      Pas could not stay, but over him did rake.
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English raken, from Old English racian ‎(to direct, rule, govern, control; take a course or direction, go forward, move, run; hasten), from Proto-Germanic *rakōną ‎(to choose a direction, run), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃reǵ- ‎(to straighten, direct). Cognate with Dutch raken ‎(to hit, touch, reach).

Noun[edit]

rake ‎(plural rakes)

  1. Slope, divergence from the horizontal or perpendicular

Verb[edit]

rake ‎(third-person singular simple present rakes, present participle raking, simple past and past participle raked)

  1. (intransitive) To proceed rapidly; to move swiftly.
  2. (obsolete, transitive) To guide; to direct
  3. (intransitive) To incline from a perpendicular direction.
    A mast rakes aft.

Etymology 3[edit]

Shortening of rakehell, possibly from rake (etymology 2) ‎(to proceed rapidly)

Noun[edit]

rake ‎(plural rakes)

  1. A man habituated to immoral conduct.
    We now have rakes in the habit of Roman senators, and grave politicians in the dress of Rakes. — the Spectator
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

rake ‎(third-person singular simple present rakes, present participle raking, simple past and past participle raked)

  1. (UK, dialect, dated) To walk about; to gad or ramble idly.
  2. (UK, dialect, dated) To act the rake; to lead a dissolute, debauched life.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shenstone to this entry?)

Etymology 4[edit]

From Middle English, from Old Norse rák ‎(trail), from Proto-Germanic *rēkō, *raką, *rakō, *rakǭ ‎(file of tracks, line), from Proto-Indo-European *(o)reg'-, *(o)reg'a- ‎(to straighten, direct). Cognate with Icelandic rák ‎(streak, grazing), Icelandic raka ‎(strip, series), Norwegian røk ‎(grazing), Norwegian rak ‎(wick), Old English race, racu ‎(a run, riverbed).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

rake ‎(plural rakes)

  1. (provincial, Northern England) a course; direction; stretch.
  2. (provincial, Northern England, for animals) a range, stray.
    a sheep-raik = a sheep-walk

Verb[edit]

rake ‎(third-person singular simple present rakes, present participle raking, simple past and past participle raked)

  1. (provincial, Northern England) To run or rove.

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rake

  1. Inflected form of raak

Verb[edit]

rake

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of raken

Hausa[edit]

Noun[edit]

ràkē m

  1. (botany) sugarcane

Swedish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rake

  1. absolute definite natural masculine form of rak.