kalle

From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Kalle

Central Franconian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German kallen, from Old High German kallōn, northern variant of challōn, from Proto-Germanic *kalzōną. Compare Limburgish kalle, Dutch kallen, English call, Old Norse kalla.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

kalle (third-person singular present kallt or kalt, past tense kallte or kallet, past participle jekallt or jekald)

  1. (chiefly Ripuarian, including Kirchröadsj) to speak; to talk; to chat
    Mer kalle, wie us de Schnüss jewahßen es.
    We speak the way our mouths have grown (i.e. in our native dialect).
  2. (Kirchröadsj, obsolete) to call
  3. (Kirchröadsj, obsolete) to give a name to

Usage notes[edit]

  • The forms kallt, jekallt are Ripuarian; kalt, jekald are exclusively Kirchröadsj.
  • The present participle forms are restricted to Kirchröadsj.

Synonyms[edit]

  • moele (Kirchröadsj)
  • sprääche (now often preferred under standard German influence)

Derived terms[edit]

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkɑlə/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: kal‧le
  • Rhymes: -ɑlə

Etymology 1[edit]

From Yiddish כּלה(kale, bride), from Hebrew כַּלָּה(kalá, bride). A relation with the verb kallen (“to chatter”, compare etymology 2 hereunder), claimed in some popular-scientific resources, exists at most through secondary association. Compare German Kalle.

Noun[edit]

kalle f (plural kalles or kallen, diminutive kalletje n)

  1. (Bargoens, dated slang) girl; lover; whore

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

kalle

  1. (dated or formal) singular present subjunctive of kallen

Elfdalian[edit]

Noun[edit]

kalle

  1. indefinite dative singular of kall

Limburgish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch callen, from Old Dutch *kallon, from Proto-Germanic *kalzōną.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

kalle

  1. (widespread variant) to talk, to speak, to chat
  2. (widespread variant, obsolete) to call
  3. (widespread variant, obsolete) to give a name to

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]

  • Kalle (conversation)

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse kalla.

Verb[edit]

kalle (imperative kall, present tense kaller, passive kalles, simple past kalte, past participle kalt, present participle kallende)

  1. to call, name (give a name to)
  2. to call, shout
  3. to call somebody / something (e.g. a dog)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Verb[edit]

kalle (present tense kallar, past tense kalla, past participle kalla, passive infinitive kallast, present participle kallande, imperative kalle/kall)

  1. Alternative form of kalla

Swedish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

kalle

  1. definite natural masculine singular of kall

West Flemish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from Yiddish כּלה(kale, bride), from Hebrew כַּלָּה(kalá, bride), whence at any rate German Kalle and Dutch kalle, both “girl, lover, whore”.

Noun[edit]

kalle f

  1. despicable or disagreeable person, typically a woman
  2. stupid person

Synonyms[edit]