hrífa

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Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the Old Norse hrífa (rake), from rífa (to tear apart), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁reyp- (to tear).

Cognate with Danish rive.

Noun[edit]

hrífa f (genitive singular hrífu, nominative plural hrífur)

  1. rake
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the Old Norse hrífa (to grip, snatch), from Proto-Germanic *hrībaną (to grip, snatch), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kreybʰ- (to scratch). Has become conflated with Proto-Germanic *rīfaną, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁reyp- (to tear), in each subsequent daughter language, cf. Old English gehrīfnian (to become fierce, rapacious) and Old Frisian hrīva (to tear). Ultimately the sense is 'to make an impression on'.

Verb[edit]

hrífa (strong verb, third-person singular past indicative hreif, third-person plural past indicative hrifu, supine hrifið)

  1. (transitive, intransitive, with accusative) to enchant, to carry away, to move somebody
  2. (intransitive) to become effective, to take effect
    Lyfið hreif mjög fljótt.
    The drug took effect very quickly.
Conjugation[edit]


Derived terms[edit]