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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.





Probably an extended form of *(s)ker- (to cut off, sever).




  1. to scratch, to tear

Derived terms

  • *(s)kréybʰ-e-ti (thematic root present)[3][4]
    • Proto-Germanic: *hrībaną (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Italic: *skreiβō (see there for further descendants)
  • *(s)kréybʰ-ti (athematic root present)
  • *(s)kréybʰ-i-
  • Unsorted formations:


  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) “(s)kerībh”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume 3, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 946-947
  2. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “skrei̯bʰ-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 562
  3. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) “skriebti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 408
  4. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) “scrībō, -ere”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 546-547
  5. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) “skrībb-ā-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 344
  6. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) “σκαρῑφάομαι”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume II, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 1344