rak

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Rak, RAK, rák, Rák, râk, ra·k, råk, and rąk

Breton[edit]

Preposition[edit]

rak

  1. before

Crimean Tatar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a Slavic language.

Noun[edit]

rak

  1. cancer

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Mirjejev, V. A.; Usejinov, S. M. (2002) Ukrajinsʹko-krymsʹkotatarsʹkyj slovnyk [Ukrainian – Crimean Tatar Dictionary]‎[1], Simferopol: Dolya, →ISBN

Czech[edit]

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Etymology[edit]

From Old Czech rak, from Proto-Slavic *rakъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rak m

  1. crayfish
  2. (colloquial, archaic) cancer
    Synonym: rakovina

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • rak in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • rak in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rak n (singular definite rakket, not used in plural form)

  1. rabble, riffraff
    Få så det rak væk! Det skræmmer kunderne væk.
    Get that rabble away! It scares off the customers.

Verb[edit]

rak

  1. imperative of rakke

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Related to rekken.

Noun[edit]

rak n (plural rakken, diminutive rakje n)

  1. A straight section of a waterway.
  2. A straight distance or section that one traverses by sailing.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Dutch rac. Variant of rek. Possibly related to etymology 1.

Noun[edit]

rak n (plural rakken, diminutive rakje n)

  1. (nautical) A rack, a frame.
    Synonym: rek

Etymology 3[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

rak n (plural rakken, diminutive rakje n)

  1. A rope (often protected with wooden beads), chain or brace for fixing a spar to the mast.
    Synonym: rek

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finno-Ugric *rakkɜ- (to make, prepare, build). Cognates include Finnish rakentaa.[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈrɒk]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɒk

Verb[edit]

rak

  1. (transitive) to put, set
    Synonyms: tesz, helyez, pakol

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Compound words

(With verbal prefixes):

References[edit]

  1. ^ Entry #850 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungary.
  2. ^ rak in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (‘Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)

Further reading[edit]

  • rak in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Anagrams[edit]


Icelandic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse rak.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rak n (genitive singular raks, nominative plural rök)

  1. wick (of a candle)
  2. (chiefly in the plural) raking (quantity of hay)
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

rak

  1. first/third-person singular past indicative active of reka

Anagrams[edit]


Lower Sorbian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *rakъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rak m

  1. crustacean
  2. cancer
  3. Cancer

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Muka, Arnošt (1921, 1928), “rak”, in Słownik dolnoserbskeje rěcy a jeje narěcow (in German), St. Petersburg, Prague: ОРЯС РАН, ČAVU; Reprinted Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag, 2008
  • Starosta, Manfred (1999), “rak”, in Dolnoserbsko-nimski słownik / Niedersorbisch-deutsches Wörterbuch (in German), Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag

Marshallese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rak

  1. south
  2. summer

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare with Icelandic rakur

Adjective[edit]

rak (masculine and feminine rak, neuter rakt, definite singular and plural rake)

  1. (of fish) salted and partially fermented

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Compare with Icelandic rakur

Adjective[edit]

rak (neuter rakt, definite singular and plural rake)

  1. (of fish) salted and partially fermented
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

rak

  1. imperative of raka

References[edit]


Old Norse[edit]

Verb[edit]

rak

  1. first/third-person singular past active indicative of reka

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Polish rak, from Proto-Slavic *ràkъ. Further etymology disputed. According to one hypothesis, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *rṓˀkas, from Proto-Indo-European *wre-h₃kʷo-s (looking backwards)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rak m anim (diminutive raczek)

  1. cancer (disease)
  2. crayfish (term also used for certain other crustaceans)
  3. crampon (spike on a boot used for ice climbing)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

adjectives
nouns
proper nouns
verb

Further reading[edit]

  • rak in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • rak in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *rakъ.

Noun[edit]

rȁk m (Cyrillic spelling ра̏к)

  1. crab
  2. cancer (astrology)
    Ja sam rak u horoskopu.I am cancer in horoscope.
  3. (colloquial) cancer (disease)
    Imam rak dojke.I have breast cancer.

Usage notes[edit]

Rak can also be declined inanimated, if used for the disease.

Declension[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Slovak Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sk

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *rakъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rak m (genitive singular raka, nominative plural raky, genitive plural rakov, declension pattern of dub)

  1. crayfish
  2. (colloquial, archaic) cancer
    Synonym: rakovina

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • rak in Slovak dictionaries at slovnik.juls.savba.sk

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rak (comparative rakare, superlative rakast)

  1. straight; unbent
  2. straight; direct, frank
  3. (internal combustion engines) straight

Declension[edit]

Inflection of rak
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular rak rakare rakast
Neuter singular rakt rakare rakast
Plural raka rakare rakast
Masculine plural3 rake rakare rakast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 rake rakare rakaste
All raka rakare rakaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.
3) Dated or archaic

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Upper Sorbian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *rakъ.

Noun[edit]

rak m

  1. crayfish
  2. cancer (disease)
  3. Cancer

Further reading[edit]

  • rak in Hornjoserbsko-němski Słownik

Westrobothnian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From räka.

Noun[edit]

rak n (definite rakjä)

  1. debris on the water

Verb[edit]

rak

  1. preterite singular indicative of räka