^ Phonetic realizations vary from a palatalized bilabial to a palatalized labiodental fricative, [vʲ] ~ [βʲ]; generally replaced by /j/ before /a/ and /ɛ/ but may be retained there in careful speech.
^ Phonetic realizations before a vowel vary from a labiovelar approximant to a velarized bilabial approximant or fricative, [w] ~ [β˕ˠ] ~ [βˠ]. At the end of syllable, always realized as [w].
^ Allophone of /ɛ/ between a “hard” consonant (i.e. any other than /l/ or a palatalized or alveo-palatal consonant) and /x/.
^ Allophone of /ɛ/ before /j/ (regardless of the quality of the preceding consonant), in the word zemja and its derivatives, and between two “soft” consonants (i.e. /l/ or a palatalized or alveo-palatal consonant). Before /j/ in the following syllable there is free variation between the allophones [e] and [ɛ].
^ Allophone of /ɛ/ in unstressed final and antepenultimate open syllables.
↑ 10.010.1The letter ⟨ó⟩ represents /ɛ/ in some dialects and /ɨ/ in others; but ⟨ój⟩ is always /ɛj/, [ej]. The older pronunciation of ⟨ó⟩ as /uo̯/, as in Upper Sorbian, is now only marginal in Lower Sorbian.
^ Stressed syllables only; replaced with /ɛ/ in unstressed syllables and (even in stressed syllables) before /j/.