tam

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Translingual[edit]

Symbol[edit]

tam

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2 & ISO 639-3 language code for Tamil.

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /tæm/
  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Short for tam o'shanter.

Noun[edit]

tam (plural tams)

  1. Synonym of tam o'shanter, a type of cap.
    • 1988 July 1, Bryan Miller, “A Gathering of Scots”, in Chicago Reader[1]:
      Despite the blaze of sunshine, woolens were everywhere: tams, kilts, socks drawn up to knobby knees.

Etymology 2[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

From the Cantonese pronunciation of .

Noun[edit]

tam (plural tams)

  1. Synonym of picul, a unit of weight, particularly in Cantonese contexts.

Anagrams[edit]


Azerbaijani[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic تَامّ(tāmm).

Adverb[edit]

tam

  1. (of a task to be completed) done; finished; complete
    Mən kitabı hələ tam oxumamışam.I have not finished reading the book.
  2. completely, really
    Mən bu məsələni tam başa düşmədim.I haven't really understood this issue.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic طَعْم(ṭaʿm).

Noun[edit]

tam (definite accusative tamnı, plural tamlar)

  1. taste
    Synonym: dad
Declension[edit]
    Declension of tam
singular plural
nominative tam
tamlar
definite accusative tamı
tamları
dative tama
tamlara
locative tamda
tamlarda
ablative tamdan
tamlardan
definite genitive tamın
tamların
    Possessive forms of tam
nominative
singular plural
mənim (my) tamım tamlarım
sənin (your) tamın tamların
onun (his/her/its) tamı tamları
bizim (our) tamımız tamlarımız
sizin (your) tamınız tamlarınız
onların (their) tamı or tamları tamları
accusative
singular plural
mənim (my) tamımı tamlarımı
sənin (your) tamını tamlarını
onun (his/her/its) tamını tamlarını
bizim (our) tamımızı tamlarımızı
sizin (your) tamınızı tamlarınızı
onların (their) tamını or tamlarını tamlarını
dative
singular plural
mənim (my) tamıma tamlarıma
sənin (your) tamına tamlarına
onun (his/her/its) tamına tamlarına
bizim (our) tamımıza tamlarımıza
sizin (your) tamınıza tamlarınıza
onların (their) tamına or tamlarına tamlarına
locative
singular plural
mənim (my) tamımda tamlarımda
sənin (your) tamında tamlarında
onun (his/her/its) tamında tamlarında
bizim (our) tamımızda tamlarımızda
sizin (your) tamınızda tamlarınızda
onların (their) tamında or tamlarında tamlarında
ablative
singular plural
mənim (my) tamımdan tamlarımdan
sənin (your) tamından tamlarından
onun (his/her/its) tamından tamlarından
bizim (our) tamımızdan tamlarımızdan
sizin (your) tamınızdan tamlarınızdan
onların (their) tamından or tamlarından tamlarından
genitive
singular plural
mənim (my) tamımın tamlarımın
sənin (your) tamının tamlarının
onun (his/her/its) tamının tamlarının
bizim (our) tamımızın tamlarımızın
sizin (your) tamınızın tamlarınızın
onların (their) tamının or tamlarının tamlarının
Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • tam” in Obastan.com.

Chewong[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tam

  1. water

References[edit]


Crimean Tatar[edit]

Adjective[edit]

tam

  1. teeming, full

References[edit]

  • Mirjejev, V. A.; Usejinov, S. M. (2002) Ukrajinsʹko-krymsʹkotatarsʹkyj slovnyk [Ukrainian – Crimean Tatar Dictionary]‎[2], Simferopol: Dolya, →ISBN

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Czech tamo, from Proto-Slavic *tamo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

tam

  1. there (in or at that place or location)
  2. there (to or into that place)
    Antonyms: zpět, zpátky

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • tam in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • tam in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Danish tam, from Old Norse tamr, from Proto-Germanic *tamaz, from Proto-Indo-European *demh₂-.

Adjective[edit]

tam

  1. tame

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of tam
Positive Comparative Superlative
Common singular tam tammere tammest2
Neuter singular tamt tammere tammest2
Plural tamme tammere tammest2
Definite attributive1 tamme tammere tammeste
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.

References[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch *tam, from Proto-Germanic *tamaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

tam (comparative tammer, superlative tamst)

  1. tame, not wild
  2. (figuratively) boring, unexciting, bland

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of tam
uninflected tam
inflected tamme
comparative tammer
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial tam tammer het tamst
het tamste
indefinite m./f. sing. tamme tammere tamste
n. sing. tam tammer tamste
plural tamme tammere tamste
definite tamme tammere tamste
partitive tams tammers

Descendants[edit]

  • Afrikaans: tam
  • Negerhollands: teem

Anagrams[edit]


Ido[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin tam.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

tam

  1. as (in comparison), so (followed by an adj.)

See also[edit]

  • kam (than, as, to (in comparison))

Kabyle[edit]

Kabyle cardinal numbers
 <  7 8 9  > 
    Cardinal : tam
    Arabic loanword : tmanya

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Berber.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

tam (feminine tamet)

  1. eight
    Synonym: tmanya

Kashubian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *tamo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

tam

  1. there

Kwama[edit]

Noun[edit]

tam

  1. honey

References[edit]

  • Goldberg, Justin; Asadik, Habte; Bekama, Jiregna; Mengistu, Mulat (2016) Gwama – English Dictionary[3], SIL International

Lashi[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

tam

  1. to make something level

References[edit]

  • Hkaw Luk (2017) A grammatical sketch of Lacid[4], Chiang Mai: Payap University (master thesis)

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *sei, from Proto-Indo-European *téh₂m, accusative of *séh₂, feminine of *só. Confer with its masculine form Latin tum, as in cum-quam.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

tam (not comparable)

  1. so, so much, to such an extent, to such a degree
    Sextus tam iratus erat ut fratrem interficere vellet.
    Sextus was so angry that he wished to kill his brother.
    Synonyms: adeō, , tantopere, tantum

Usage notes[edit]

Often coupled with quam.

  1. Such that "tam x, quam y" = "so x, as y"
    • Spinoza, Ethica Liber V:
      Sed omnia praeclara tam difficilia, quam rara sunt.
      But all things excellent are as rare as they are difficult

Often "tips off" a subjunctive clause of result.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • tam”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • tam”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • tam in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • tam in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[5], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • amongst such moral depravity: tam perditis or corruptis moribus

Latvian[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

tam

  1. to that; dative singular masculine form of tas

Lithuanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • The dative and adverbial forms have one pronunciation, while the locative form has another.
Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Pronoun[edit]

tám

  1. dative singular masculine of tàs
    tám výruito that man

Adverb[edit]

tám

  1. for that purpose
  2. so that, in order to [followed by kàd + a subordinate clause, often in the subjunctive]
    Válgo daržóves tám, kàd bū́tų sveĩkas.He eats vegetables in order to be healthy.

Pronoun[edit]

tam̃

  1. Alternative form of tamè: locative singular masculine of tàs
    tam̃ miestèin that city

Further reading[edit]

  • tam”, in Lietuvių kalbos žodynas [Dictionary of the Lithuanian language], lkz.lt, 1941–2023
  • tam”, in Dabartinės lietuvių kalbos žodynas [Dictionary of contemporary Lithuanian], ekalba.lt, 1954–2023

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *tamo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

tam

  1. there (in that place)

Further reading[edit]

  • Muka, Arnošt (1921, 1928), “tam”, in Słownik dolnoserbskeje rěcy a jeje narěcow (in German), St. Petersburg, Prague: ОРЯС РАН, ČAVU; Reprinted Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag, 2008
  • Starosta, Manfred (1999), “tam”, in Dolnoserbsko-nimski słownik / Niedersorbisch-deutsches Wörterbuch (in German), Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Adjective[edit]

tam

  1. Alternative form of tame (tame)

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

tam

  1. (Northern, after d or t) Alternative form of þem (them)

Northern Kurdish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic طَعْم(ṭaʿm).

Noun[edit]

Central Kurdish تام(tam)

tam ?

  1. taste
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

tam

  1. precisely, exactly

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Anatolian Turkish طام(d̥am).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tam ?

  1. house, building, structure

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse tamr.

Adjective[edit]

tam (neuter singular tamt, definite singular and plural tamme)

  1. tame, domesticated

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse tamr.

Adjective[edit]

tam (neuter singular tamt, definite singular and plural tamme)

  1. tame, domesticated

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *tam.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

tam

  1. tame

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Old Polish tamo, from Proto-Slavic *tamo.

Pronoun[edit]

tam

  1. there

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun[edit]

tam f

  1. genitive plural of tama

Further reading[edit]

  • tam in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • tam in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Adverb[edit]

tam (not comparable)

  1. Obsolete spelling of tão

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *tamo.

Adverb[edit]

tam (Cyrillic spelling там)

  1. (Kajkavian, regional) there

Synonyms[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *tamo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

tam

  1. there
  2. thither

Synonyms[edit]

  • (thither): ta

Antonyms[edit]

  • (there): tu
  • (thither): sem

References[edit]

  • tam in Slovak dictionaries at slovnik.juls.savba.sk

Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *tamo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

tȁm

  1. there, in that place

Further reading[edit]

  • tam”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Swedish tamber, from Old Norse tamr, from Proto-Germanic *tamaz, from Proto-Indo-European *demh₂-.

Adjective[edit]

tam (comparative tamare, superlative tamast)

  1. tame (not wild), domesticated

Declension[edit]

Inflection of tam
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular tam tamare tamast
Neuter singular tamt tamare tamast
Plural tama tamare tamast
Masculine plural3 tame tamare tamast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 tame tamare tamaste
All tama tamare tamaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.
3) Dated or archaic

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Tatar[edit]

Noun[edit]

tam

  1. wall

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish تام(tam, complete, exact; completely, exactly), from Arabic تَامّ(tāmm).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

tam

  1. complete, absolute

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Upper Sorbian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *tamo.

Adverb[edit]

tam

  1. there

Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Sino-Vietnamese word from (three).

Numeral[edit]

tam

  1. (only in compounds) three
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]
  • (native) ba

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Vietic *k-saːm. Cognate with Arem katʰæːm, Thavung saːm¹, Kuy sɛːm, Khmu [Cuang] hɛːm.

The term was probably already archaic by the time it started to be written down and was only attested in the compound 󰞿三 (anh tam, elder brother and younger sibling).

Noun[edit]

tam ()

  1. (obsolete) younger sibling
    • 15th century, Nguyễn Trãi, “述興 Thuật hứng 19”, in Quốc âm thi tập (國音詩集):
      𡶀廊盈𪀄部伴
      𩄲客次月󰞿
      Núi láng diềng, chim bầu bạn,
      Mây khách thứa, nguyệt anh tam.
      Mountains as neighbors, birds are friends,
      Clouds as guests, the moon is my kin.

Zazaki[edit]

Noun[edit]

tam n

  1. taste

Derived terms[edit]