būti

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: buti

Lithuanian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *bū́ˀtei; present tense forms are from Proto-Indo-European *h₁es- (to be), suppletive stem forms derive from Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH- (to become) (see Proto-Indo-European *bʰew-). Compare identical situation in Old Church Slavonic бꙑти (byti). Cognate to Latvian būt.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

bū́ti (third-person present tense yrà, third-person past tense bùvo)

  1. to be
  2. to exist
  3. to become
Conjugation[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

The copular verb bū́ti may be omitted in the present tense. For example, the yrà is optional in the sentence:

When omitting the present-tense copula, it is possible to add emphasis through a change in intonation, the addition of the pronoun taĩ (that; [now that's]), or the writing of a dash symbol ().

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • būti”, in Lietuvių kalbos žodynas [Dictionary of the Lithuanian language], lkz.lt, 1941–2021
  • Vytautas Ambrazas (2006), “4. Syntax § 1.19 The copula”, in Lithuanian Grammar, 2nd revised edition, pages 469–470

Etymology 2[edit]

Participle[edit]

būti

  1. masculine plural nominative form of būtas.