طعم

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root ⁧ط ع م(ṭ-ʕ-m). Cognate with Hebrewטַעַם(ta'am).

Verb[edit]

طَعِمَ (ṭaʕima) I, non-pastيَطْعَمُ⁩‎ (yaṭʕamu)

  1. to eat
    Synonym:أَكَلَ(ʔakala)
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 7:145:
      قُل لَا أَجِدُ فِي مَا أُوحِيَ إِلَيَّ مُحَرَّمًا عَلَىٰ طَاعِمٍ يَطْعَمُهُ إِلَّا أَن يَكُونَ مَيْتَةً أَوْ دَمًا مَسْفُوحًا أَوْ لَحْمَ خِنْزِيرٍ
      qul lā ʔajidu fī mā ʔūḥiya ʔilayya muḥarraman ʕalā ṭāʕimin yaṭʕamuhu ʔillā ʔan yakūna maytatan ʔaw daman masfūḥan ʔaw laḥma ḵinzīrin
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)
  2. to degust, to taste

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

طَعَّمَ (ṭaʕʕama) II, non-pastيُطَعِّمُ⁩‎ (yuṭaʕʕimu)

  1. to insert, to inoculate, to graft, to introduce
    • c. 1200, ⁧يحيى بن محمد بن أحمد بن العوام⁩ [yaḥyā ibn muḥammad ibn ʔaḥmad ibn al-ʕawwām], edited by José Antonio Banqueri, كتاب الفلاحة [Book on Agriculture], volume 1, Madrid: Imprenta Real, published 1802IA, Cap. 8, Art. 1, page 417:
      قال يونيوس يطعم الأترج كتطعيم الكرم وتطاعم التوت في الأترج والأترج في التفاح والتفاح في الأترج ويكون التفاح أحمر بالطبع إن ركب في شجر الدلب والقراسيا يحب التطعيم ويطعم في كرمة
      Junius said that the citron can be inoculated into the vine, and the mulberry into the citron, and the citron into the apple, and the apple into the citron, and the apple is naturally incarned if grafted onto the plane, and the cherry loves inoculation and can be inoculated into a vine.
  2. to put bait on

Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

طَعْم (ṭaʕmm (pluralطُعُوم(ṭuʕūm))

  1. verbal noun of طَعِمَ(ṭaʕima) (form I)
  2. taste, flavor
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 47:15:
      مَثَلُ الْجَنَّةِ ٱلَّتِي وُعِدَ ٱلْمُتَّقُونَ ۖ فِيهَا أَنْهَارٌ مِن مَاءٍ غَيْرِ آسِنٍ وَأَنْهَارٌ مِن لَبَنٍ لَمْ يَتَغَيَّرْ طَعْمُهُ وَأَنْهَارٌ مِنْ خَمْرٍ لَذَّةٍ لِلشَّارِبِينَ وَأَنْهَارٌ مِنْ عَسَلٍ مُّصَفًّى ۖ وَلَهُمْ فِيهَا مِنْ كُلِّ ٱلثَّمَرَاتِ وَمَغْفِرَةٌ مِّنْ رَبِّهِمْ ۖ كَمَنْ هُوَ خَالِدٌ فِي النَّارِ وَسُقُوا مَاءً حَمِيمًا فَقَطَّعَ أَمْعَاءَهُمْ
      maṯalu l-jannati llatī wuʕida l-muttaqūna fīhā ʔanhārun min māʔin ḡayri ʔāsinin waʔanhārun min labanin lam yataḡayyar ṭaʕmuhu waʔanhārun min ḵamrin laḏḏatin li-š-šāribīna waʔanhārun min ʕasalin mmuṣaffan walahum fīhā min kulli ṯ-ṯamarāti wamaḡfiratun mmin rabbihim kaman huwa ḵālidun fī n-nāri wasuqū māʔan ḥamīman faqaṭṭaʕa ʔamʕāʔahum
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Bashkir: тәм (təm)
  • Kazakh: дәм (däm)
  • Kyrgyz: таам (taam)
  • Kurdish:
    Northern Kurdish: tam m
    Central Kurdish: ⁧تام(tam)
    Southern Kurdish: ⁧تام(tam)
    Laki: ⁧تام(tam), ⁧تەم(tem),
  • Persian: ⁧طعم(ta'm)
  • Tabasaran: тӏяаьм (ṭjaa̱m)
  • Turkmen: tagam
  • Chagatai: ⁧طعم(tä'm)

Noun[edit]

طُعْم (ṭuʕmm (pluralطُعُوم(ṭuʕūm))

  1. morsel of food, chunk
    Synonym:مُضْغَة(muḍḡa)
  2. pith pulp, medulla; serum, lymph
  3. truncheon for grafting

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

طُعَم (ṭuʕampl

  1. plural of طُعْمَة(ṭuʕma)

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabicطَعْم(ṭaʕm).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Readings
Classical reading? ta'm
Dari reading? ta'm
Iranian reading? ta'm
Tajik reading? taʾm

Noun[edit]

طعم (ta'm) (pluralطعم‌ها(ta'm-hâ))

  1. taste

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Root
ط ع م
4 terms

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabicطَعْم(ṭaʕm).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /tˤaʕm/, [tˤɑʕm]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

طعم (ṭaʕmm

  1. taste
    Synonym:ذوق(zōʔ)
  2. sense, reason