mat

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

a doormat (1)
a beer mat or coaster (2)
a yoga mat

From Middle English matte, from Old English meatte, from Late Latin matta, from Punic or Phoenician (compare Hebrew מיטה \ מִטָּה(mitá, bed, couch)).

Noun[edit]

mat (plural mats)

  1. A flat piece of coarse material used for wiping one’s feet, or as a decorative or protective floor covering.
    Wipe your feet on the mat before coming in.
  2. A small flat piece of material used to protect a surface from anything hot or rough; a coaster.
    They put mats on the table during mealtimes.
  3. (athletics) A floor pad to protect athletes.
    The high jumper cleared the bar and landed safely on the mat.
  4. A thickly tangled mess.
    a mat of weeds
    • 1953, Samuel Beckett, Watt
      But to return to where we left her, I see her still, propped up in a kind of stupor against one of the walls in which this wretched edifice abounds, her long grey greasy hair framing in its cowl of scrofulous mats a face where pallor, languor, hunger, acne, recent dirt, immemorial chagrin and surplus hair seemed to dispute the mastery.
  5. A thin layer of woven, non-woven, or knitted fiber that serves as reinforcement to a material.
  6. A thin surface layer; superficial cover.
    Iceland moss growing in a mat
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Tok Pisin: mat
  • Japanese: マット (matto)
  • Russian: мат (mat)
  • Spanish: mat
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb[edit]

mat (third-person singular simple present mats, present participle matting, simple past and past participle matted)

  1. (transitive) To cover, protect or decorate with mats.
  2. (intransitive) To form a thick, tangled mess; to interweave into, or like, a mat; to entangle.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Compare matte.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

mat

  1. (coppersmithing) An alloy of copper, tin, iron, etc.; white metal.

Etymology 3[edit]

A clipped form of matinee.

Noun[edit]

mat (plural mats)

  1. (dated slang) Abbreviation of matinee (performance at a theater).
    • 1898, The Hotel/Motor Hotel Monthly, Vol. 6, page 27:
      A gents' toilet room might be found in a house that caters for the cheaper class of theatrical patronage, where the slangy language of the "goin' to the mat this aft?" style prevails. A gents toilet room is not found in the Southern Hotel. It either "men's" or "gentlemen's".

Etymology 4[edit]

A clipped form of material.

Noun[edit]

mat (plural mats)

  1. (video games, slang) A material or component needed for a crafting recipe.
    To make a luck potion, you need several rare herbs as mats.

Etymology 5[edit]

Noun[edit]

mat (plural mats)

  1. Alternative spelling of matte (decorative border around a picture)
    the mat of a daguerreotype

Etymology 6[edit]

Noun[edit]

mat (plural mats)

  1. (printing) Short for matrix.

Etymology 7[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mat

  1. Alternative form of matte (not reflecting light)
    • 2013, K. A. Spencer, Agromyzidae (Diptera) of Economic Importance (page 264)
      Frons mat black, orbits slightly paler, more greyish; mesonotum distinctly mat, greyish-black, but with some subshine; []

Anagrams[edit]


Ainu[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mat (Kana spelling マッ)

  1. (mainly in compounds) woman, female
  2. wife

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

  • (woman): okkayo (man)
  • (wife): hoku (husband)

Derived terms[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *mata, from pre-Albanian *mn̥to, from Proto-Indo-European *men- (to tower, stand out) (compare Welsh mynydd, Latin mōns, Avestan mati (mati)).[1]

Noun[edit]

mat m (indefinite plural mate, definite singular mati, definite plural matet)

  1. seacoast
  2. riverbank
  3. sandy shore, sandy beach

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “mat”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 247

Atong (India)[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Garo mat/Garo mat-. This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Noun[edit]

mat

  1. wild animal

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Breton[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *matis (compare Irish maith).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mat

  1. good

Related terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Noun[edit]

mat m (plural mats)

  1. checkmate

Derived terms[edit]


Czech[edit]

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Persian شاه مات(šāh māt, the king died).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mat m

  1. checkmate

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • mat in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • mat in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mat (neuter mat, plural and definite singular attributive matte)

  1. dull, not shiny
  2. tired

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch matte, borrowed from Latin matta. Cognates include English mat and German Matte.[1]

Noun[edit]

mat m or f (plural matten, diminutive matje n)

  1. rug, mat
  2. (hairstyle, chiefly diminutive) mullet
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Papiamentu: mat

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Dutch mat (checkmate), borrowed from Old French mat, borrowed from Persian شاه مات(šâh mât, the king is dead).[1] Cognate to English checkmate.

Noun[edit]

mat n (plural matten)

  1. checkmate
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle Dutch mat, borrowed from Old French mat, from Latin mattus (depressed).[1] See also French mat (adjective).

Adjective[edit]

mat (comparative matter, superlative matst)

  1. matte, not reflecting light
  2. dull, uninteresting
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of mat
uninflected mat
inflected matte
comparative matter
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial mat matter het matst
het matste
indefinite m./f. sing. matte mattere matste
n. sing. mat matter matste
plural matte mattere matste
definite matte mattere matste
partitive mats matters
Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

mat

  1. first-, second- and third-person singular present indicative of matten
  2. imperative of matten

Etymology 4[edit]

See Dutch meten.

Verb[edit]

mat

  1. singular past indicative of meten

References[edit]

  • mat” in Woordenlijst Nederlandse Taal – Officiële Spelling, Nederlandse Taalunie. [the official spelling word list for the Dutch language]
  • Notes:
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 J. de Vries & F. de Tollenaere, "Etymologisch Woordenboek", Uitgeverij Het Spectrum, Utrecht, 1986 (14de druk)

Anagrams[edit]


Emilian[edit]

Emiliano-Romagnolo Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia eml

Alternative forms[edit]

  • mât (Modenese, Reggiano)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: mat

Noun[edit]

mat m (plural mat) (Mirandola)

  1. insane

Synonyms[edit]


Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the noun matur.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mat

  1. accusative singular of matur.

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Probably from Latin mattus, which is from madere; see Italian matto.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mat (feminine mate, masculine plural mats, feminine plural mates)

  1. matt
  2. pale
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Abbreviation of the French expression échec et mat, from Persian شاه مات(shah mat, the king is ambushed).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mat (feminine mate, masculine plural mats, feminine plural mates)

  1. checkmated

Noun[edit]

mat m (plural mats)

  1. checkmate

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Notes:
  1. ^ Picoche, Jacqueline; Jean-Claude Rolland (2009), “mat”, in Dictionnaire étymologique du français (in French), Paris: Dictionnaires Le Robert

Anagrams[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Garo[edit]

Noun[edit]

mat

  1. squirrel

Prefix[edit]

mat

  1. prefix for mammals

Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

mat

  1. Romanization of 𐌼𐌰𐍄

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

mat n (genitive singular mats, nominative plural möt)

  1. (usually uncountable) evaluation
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]
  • meta (to evaluate)

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun[edit]

mat

  1. inflection of matur:
    1. indefinite accusative singular
    2. indefinite dative singular

Luxembourgish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German mit, from Proto-Germanic *midi. Cognate with German mit, Dutch met, West Frisian mei, Icelandic með.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

mat

  1. with

Antonyms[edit]


Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Shortening of Ahmad or Muhammad, two common Malay names.

Noun[edit]

mat (plural mat-mat, informal 1st possessive matku, 2nd possessive matmu, 3rd possessive matnya)

  1. (colloquial, slang) a certain person; a fellow; a dude.
  2. (colloquial, slang) a John Doe.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Maricopa[edit]

Noun[edit]

mat

  1. earth

Marshallese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Micronesian *masu, from Proto-Oceanic *masuʀ, contraction of Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *mabosuʀ, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *bəsuʀ, from Proto-Austronesian *bəsuʀ. Cognate with Tongan mahu (abound in food).

Adjective[edit]

mat

  1. full (after eating), satiated

Etymology 2[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mat

  1. cooked

References[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old French mat, a backformation from eschec mat (checkmate).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

mat

  1. (chess) Said when the opponent's king is captured.
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
References[edit]

Noun[edit]

mat

  1. checkmate, mate (moment of the opponent's king's capture)
Descendants[edit]
References[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mat

  1. checkmated, defeated (in chess)
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old French mat (defeated, tired), from Late Latin mattus. Compare modern English matte.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mat (plural and weak singular mate)

  1. vanquished, defeated, defenceless
  2. tired, fatigued
  3. depressed, sorrowful
  4. confused, afraid
Related terms[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

mat

  1. Alternative form of mate

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

mat

  1. Alternative form of matte

Etymology 5[edit]

Verb[edit]

mat

  1. Alternative form of maten (to overpower)

Northern Sami[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

mat

  1. nominative plural of mii

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /maːt/, [mɑːt̻]

Rhymes: -aːt

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse matr. Cognates include: Danish mad, Swedish mat, Gothic 𐌼𐌰𐍄𐍃 (mats), Old English mete (English meat).[1]

Noun[edit]

mat m (definite singular maten, uncountable)

  1. food
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

mat

  1. imperative of mate

References[edit]

  1. ^ Torp, Alf (1919) Nynorsk Etymologisk Ordbok, Oslo: H. Aschehoug and Co. (W. Nygaard)

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse matr.

Noun[edit]

mat m (definite singular maten, uncountable)

  1. food

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Old French[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mat m (oblique and nominative feminine singular mate)

  1. checkmated; in checkmate

Old Irish[edit]

Verb[edit]

mat

  1. third-person plural present subjunctive of masu

Paipai[edit]

Noun[edit]

mat

  1. land

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic مَات(māt), from Persian شاه مات(šâh mât).

Noun[edit]

mat m anim

  1. checkmate
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Dutch maat.

Noun[edit]

mat m pers

  1. mate (a ship's officer)
  2. mate (in naval ranks, a non-commissioned officer)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from German matt.

Noun[edit]

mat m inan

  1. matt, matte, dull colour or surface
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun[edit]

mat f

  1. genitive plural of mata

Further reading[edit]

  • mat in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • mat in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French mat.

Adjective[edit]

mat m or n (feminine singular mată, masculine plural mați, feminine and neuter plural mate)

  1. matte

Declension[edit]


Romansch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin marītus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mat m

  1. boy

Semai[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Aslian *mat, from Proto-Mon-Khmer *mat (eye). Cognate with Khmer មាត់ (mŏət), Mon မတ် (mòt), Vietnamese mắt, Car Nicobarese mat.

Noun[edit]

mat [1]

  1. eye

References[edit]

  1. ^ Basrim bin Ngah Aching (2008) Kamus Engròq Semay – Engròq Malaysia, Kamus Bahasa Semai – Bahasa Malaysia, Bangi: Institut Alam dan Tamadun Melayu, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Slavomolisano[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Serbo-Croatian mati.

Noun[edit]

mat f

  1. mother

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ivica Peša Matracki and Nada Županović Filipin (2014), Changes in the System of Oblique Cases in Molise Croatian Dialect.
  • Walter Breu and Giovanni Piccoli (2000), Dizionario croato molisano di Acquaviva Collecroce: Dizionario plurilingue della lingua slava della minoranza di provenienza dalmata di Acquaviva Collecroce in Provincia di Campobasso (Parte grammaticale).

Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic مَاتَ(māta) in Persian شاه مات(šâh mât, the king is dead).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mat m (genitive singular matu, nominative plural maty, genitive plural matov, declension pattern of dub)

  1. The final move in a chess game, the checkmate.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • mat in Slovak dictionaries at slovnik.juls.savba.sk

Anagrams[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English mat.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mat m (plural mats)

  1. mat (for exercise)

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse matr, from Proto-Germanic *matiz, from Proto-Indo-European *meh₂d-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mat c

  1. food

Declension[edit]

Declension of mat 
Uncountable
Indefinite Definite
Nominative mat maten
Genitive mats matens

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English mat.

Noun[edit]

mat

  1. sitting or sleeping mat

Volapük[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mat (nominative plural mats)

  1. marriage, wedlock, matrimony

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]