mat

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

a doormat (1)
a beer mat or coaster (2)
a yoga mat

From Middle English matte, from Old English meatte, from Late Latin matta, from Punic or Phoenician (compare Hebrew מיטה \ מִטָּה(mitá, bed, couch)).

Noun[edit]

mat (plural mats)

  1. A flat piece of coarse material used for wiping one’s feet, or as a decorative or protective floor covering.
    Wipe your feet on the mat before coming in.
  2. A small flat piece of material used to protect a surface from anything hot or rough; a coaster.
    They put mats on the table during mealtimes.
  3. (athletics) A floor pad to protect athletes.
    The high jumper cleared the bar and landed safely on the mat.
  4. A thickly tangled mess.
    a mat of weeds
    • 1953, Samuel Beckett, Watt, Olympia Press:
      But to return to where we left her, I see her still, propped up in a kind of stupor against one of the walls in which this wretched edifice abounds, her long grey greasy hair framing in its cowl of scrofulous mats a face where pallor, languor, hunger, acne, recent dirt, immemorial chagrin and surplus hair seemed to dispute the mastery.
  5. A thin layer of woven, non-woven, or knitted fiber that serves as reinforcement to a material.
  6. A thin surface layer; superficial cover.
    Iceland moss growing in a mat
    • 2016 November 15, Donald R. Prothero, The Princeton Field Guide to Prehistoric Mammals[1], page 222:
      The fad for blaming all mass extinctions (such as happened at the end of the Cretaceous when the dinosaurs vanished) on impacts of objects from space was extended to the Pleistocene in 2007. That year a group of scientists proposed that the North American extinctions were due to a comet or meteorite impact over the Carolinas, near the beginning of the Younger Dryas event, about 12,900 years ago. The original evidence for this supposed impact was a "black mat" of organic material in many Clovis sites, plus microscopic nano-diamonds in deep-sea cores, and rare Platinum group metals in Greenland ice cores from around 12,900 years ago.
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Tok Pisin: mat
  • Japanese: マット (matto)
  • Russian: мат (mat)
  • Spanish: mat
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb[edit]

mat (third-person singular simple present mats, present participle matting, simple past and past participle matted)

  1. (transitive) To cover, protect or decorate with mats.
  2. (intransitive) To form a thick, tangled mess; to interweave into, or like, a mat; to entangle.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Compare matte.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

mat

  1. (coppersmithing) An alloy of copper, tin, iron, etc.; white metal.

Etymology 3[edit]

A clipped form of matinee.

Noun[edit]

mat (plural mats)

  1. (dated slang) Abbreviation of matinee (performance at a theater).
    • 1898, The Hotel/Motor Hotel Monthly, volume 6, page 27:
      A gents' toilet room might be found in a house that caters for the cheaper class of theatrical patronage, where the slangy language of the "goin' to the mat this aft?" style prevails. A gents toilet room is not found in the Southern Hotel. It either "men's" or "gentlemen's".

Etymology 4[edit]

A clipped form of material.

Noun[edit]

mat (plural mats)

  1. (video games, slang) A material or component needed for a crafting recipe.
    To make a luck potion, you need several rare herbs as mats.
  2. material
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Noun[edit]

mat (plural mats)

  1. Alternative spelling of matte (decorative border around a picture)
    the mat of a daguerreotype

Etymology 6[edit]

Noun[edit]

mat (plural mats)

  1. (printing) Short for matrix.

Etymology 7[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mat

  1. Alternative form of matte (not reflecting light)
    • 2013, K. A. Spencer, Agromyzidae (Diptera) of Economic Importance, page 264:
      Frons mat black, orbits slightly paler, more greyish; mesonotum distinctly mat, greyish-black, but with some subshine; []

See also[edit]

etymologically unrelated terms containing the word "mat"

Anagrams[edit]

Ainu[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mat (Kana spelling マッ)

  1. (mainly in compounds) woman, female
  2. wife

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

  • (woman): okkayo (man)
  • (wife): hoku (husband)

Derived terms[edit]

Albanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *mata, from pre-Albanian *mn̥to, from Proto-Indo-European *men- (to tower, stand out) (compare Welsh mynydd, Latin mōns, Avestan mati).[1]

Noun[edit]

mat m (indefinite plural mate, definite singular mati, definite plural matet)

  1. seacoast
  2. riverbank
  3. sandy shore, sandy beach

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998) Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, →ISBN, page 247

Atong (India)[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Garo mat/Garo mat-. This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Noun[edit]

mat

  1. wild animal

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Breton[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *matis (compare Irish maith).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mat

  1. good

Related terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Catalan[edit]

Noun[edit]

mat m (plural mats)

  1. checkmate

Derived terms[edit]

Czech[edit]

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Persian شاه مات(šâh mât, the king died).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mat m inan

  1. checkmate

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • mat in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • mat in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mat (neuter mat, plural and definite singular attributive matte)

  1. dull, not shiny
  2. tired

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch matte, borrowed from Latin matta. Cognates include English mat and German Matte.[1]

Noun[edit]

mat m or f (plural matten, diminutive matje n)

  1. rug, mat
  2. (hairstyle, chiefly diminutive) mullet
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Papiamentu: mat

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Dutch mat (checkmate), borrowed from Old French mat, borrowed from Persian شاه مات(šâh mât, the king is dead).[1] Cognate to English checkmate.

Noun[edit]

mat n (plural matten)

  1. checkmate
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle Dutch mat, borrowed from Old French mat, from Latin mattus (depressed).[1] See also French mat (adjective).

Adjective[edit]

mat (comparative matter, superlative matst)

  1. matte, not reflecting light
  2. dull, uninteresting
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of mat
uninflected mat
inflected matte
comparative matter
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial mat matter het matst
het matste
indefinite m./f. sing. matte mattere matste
n. sing. mat matter matste
plural matte mattere matste
definite matte mattere matste
partitive mats matters
Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

mat

  1. first-, second- and third-person singular present indicative of matten
  2. imperative of matten

Etymology 4[edit]

See Dutch meten.

Verb[edit]

mat

  1. singular past indicative of meten

References[edit]

  • mat” in Woordenlijst Nederlandse Taal – Officiële Spelling, Nederlandse Taalunie. [the official spelling word list for the Dutch language]
  • Notes:
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 J. de Vries & F. de Tollenaere, "Etymologisch Woordenboek", Uitgeverij Het Spectrum, Utrecht, 1986 (14de druk)

Anagrams[edit]

Emilian[edit]

Emiliano-Romagnolo Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia eml

Alternative forms[edit]

  • mât (Modenese, Reggiano)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: mat

Noun[edit]

mat m (plural mat) (Mirandola)

  1. insane

Synonyms[edit]

Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the noun matur.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mat

  1. accusative singular of matur.

Anagrams[edit]

French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Probably from Latin mattus, which is from madere; see Italian matto.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mat (feminine mate, masculine plural mats, feminine plural mates)

  1. matt
  2. pale
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Abbreviation of the French expression échec et mat, from Persian شاه مات(šâh mât, the king is ambushed).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mat (feminine mate, masculine plural mats, feminine plural mates)

  1. checkmated

Noun[edit]

mat m (plural mats)

  1. checkmate

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Notes:
  1. ^ Picoche, Jacqueline; Jean-Claude Rolland (2009), “mat”, in Dictionnaire étymologique du français (in French), Paris: Dictionnaires Le Robert

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Garo[edit]

Noun[edit]

mat

  1. squirrel

Prefix[edit]

mat

  1. prefix for mammals

Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

mat

  1. Romanization of 𐌼𐌰𐍄

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

mat n (genitive singular mats, nominative plural möt)

  1. (usually uncountable) evaluation
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]
  • meta (to evaluate)

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun[edit]

mat

  1. inflection of matur:
    1. indefinite accusative singular
    2. indefinite dative singular

Luxembourgish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German mit, from Proto-Germanic *midi. Cognate with German mit, Dutch met, West Frisian mei, Icelandic með.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

mat

  1. with

Antonyms[edit]

Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Shortening of Ahmad or Muhammad, two common Malay names.

Noun[edit]

mat (plural mat-mat, informal 1st possessive matku, 2nd possessive matmu, 3rd possessive matnya)

  1. (colloquial, slang) a certain person; a fellow; a dude.
  2. (colloquial, slang) a John Doe.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Maricopa[edit]

Noun[edit]

mat

  1. earth

Marshallese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Micronesian *masu, from Proto-Oceanic *masuʀ, contraction of Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *mabosuʀ, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *bəsuʀ, from Proto-Austronesian *bəsuʀ. Cognate with Tongan mahu (abound in food).

Adjective[edit]

mat

  1. full (after eating), satiated

Etymology 2[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mat

  1. cooked

References[edit]

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old French mat, a backformation from eschec mat (checkmate).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

mat

  1. (chess) Said when the opponent's king is captured.
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
References[edit]

Noun[edit]

mat

  1. checkmate, mate (moment of the opponent's king's capture)
Descendants[edit]
References[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mat

  1. checkmated, defeated (in chess)
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old French mat (defeated, tired), from Late Latin mattus. Compare modern English matte.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mat (plural and weak singular mate)

  1. vanquished, defeated, defenceless
  2. tired, fatigued
  3. depressed, sorrowful
  4. confused, afraid
Related terms[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

mat

  1. Alternative form of mate

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

mat

  1. Alternative form of matte

Etymology 5[edit]

Verb[edit]

mat

  1. Alternative form of maten (to overpower)

Northern Sami[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

mat

  1. nominative plural of mii

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /maːt/, [mɑːt̻]

Rhymes: -aːt

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse matr. Cognates include: Danish mad, Swedish mat, Gothic 𐌼𐌰𐍄𐍃 (mats), Old English mete (English meat).[1]

Noun[edit]

mat m (definite singular maten, uncountable)

  1. food
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

mat

  1. imperative of mate

References[edit]

  1. ^ Torp, Alf (1919) Nynorsk Etymologisk Ordbok, Oslo: H. Aschehoug and Co. (W. Nygaard)

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse matr.

Noun[edit]

mat m (definite singular maten, uncountable)

  1. food

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Old French[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mat m (oblique and nominative feminine singular mate)

  1. checkmated; in checkmate

Old Irish[edit]

Verb[edit]

mat

  1. third-person plural present subjunctive of masu
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 4a27
      I⟨s⟩ samlid trá is lobur ar n-irnigde-ni, mat réte frecndirci gesme, et nín·fortéit-ni in spirut oc suidiu.
      Thus then our way of praying is feeble if present things are what we ask for, and the spirit does not help us with this.

Paipai[edit]

Noun[edit]

mat

  1. land

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic مَات(māt), from Persian شاه مات(šâh mât).

Noun[edit]

mat m anim

  1. checkmate
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Dutch maat.

Noun[edit]

mat m pers

  1. mate (a ship's officer)
  2. mate (in naval ranks, a non-commissioned officer)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from German matt.

Noun[edit]

mat m inan

  1. matt, matte, dull colour or surface
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun[edit]

mat f

  1. genitive plural of mata

Further reading[edit]

  • mat in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • mat in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French mat.

Adjective[edit]

mat m or n (feminine singular mată, masculine plural mați, feminine and neuter plural mate)

  1. matte

Declension[edit]

Romansch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin marītus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mat m

  1. boy

Semai[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Aslian *mat, from Proto-Mon-Khmer *mat (eye). Cognate with Khmer មាត់ (mŏət), Mon မတ် (mòt), Vietnamese mắt, Car Nicobarese mat.

Noun[edit]

mat [1]

  1. eye

References[edit]

  1. ^ Basrim bin Ngah Aching (2008) Kamus Engròq Semay – Engròq Malaysia, Kamus Bahasa Semai – Bahasa Malaysia, Bangi: Institut Alam dan Tamadun Melayu, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Slavomolisano[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Serbo-Croatian mati.

Noun[edit]

mat f

  1. mother

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ivica Peša Matracki and Nada Županović Filipin (2014), Changes in the System of Oblique Cases in Molise Croatian Dialect.
  • Walter Breu and Giovanni Piccoli (2000), Dizionario croato molisano di Acquaviva Collecroce: Dizionario plurilingue della lingua slava della minoranza di provenienza dalmata di Acquaviva Collecroce in Provincia di Campobasso (Parte grammaticale).

Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Derived from Arabic مَاتَ(māta) in Persian شاه مات(šâh mât, the king is dead).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mat m inan (genitive singular matu, nominative plural maty, genitive plural matov, declension pattern of dub)

  1. the final move in a chess game, the checkmate

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • mat in Slovak dictionaries at slovnik.juls.savba.sk

Anagrams[edit]

South Efate[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *(m-)atay. Cognate to Big Nambas im'a.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

mat

  1. to die

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English mat.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈmat/ [ˈmat̪]
  • Rhymes: -at
  • Syllabification: mat

Noun[edit]

mat m (plural mats)

  1. mat (for exercise)

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse matr, from Proto-Germanic *matiz, from Proto-Indo-European *meh₂d-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mat c

  1. food

Declension[edit]

Declension of mat 
Uncountable
Indefinite Definite
Nominative mat maten
Genitive mats matens

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English mat.

Noun[edit]

mat

  1. sitting or sleeping mat

Volapük[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mat (nominative plural mats)

  1. marriage, wedlock, matrimony

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]