ma

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Contents

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

ma (plural mas)

  1. (astronomy, usually in the plural) Abbreviation of milli-arcsecond.

Etymology 2[edit]

The sound is very commonly made by infants, and is interpreted by parents as a reference to themselves.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ma (plural mas) (not generally used in the plural)

  1. (colloquial, and in direct address) mother, mama
Usage notes[edit]
  • Often capitalized when used to refer to a specific person.
Hey, Ma, I’d like you to meet my friend Jamie.
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Abbreviation.

Abbreviation[edit]

ma

  1. May
Usage notes[edit]
  • Usually capitalised as Ma.

Etymology 4[edit]

From my

Determiner[edit]

ma

  1. (dialectal) Alternative spelling of my

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Noun[edit]

ma (plural ma's)

  1. mom, mother

Derived terms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Aromanian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin magis. Compare Daco-Romanian mai.

Adverb[edit]

ma

  1. more

Etymology 2[edit]

From Italian ma.

Conjunction[edit]

ma

  1. but, yet

Asturian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

ma f (plural mas)

  1. mother

Synonyms[edit]


Breton[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ma

  1. my

Interjection[edit]

ma

  1. good!

Conjunction[edit]

ma

  1. that
  2. if

Synonyms[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Determiner[edit]

ma

  1. feminine singular of mon

Dorze[edit]

Noun[edit]

ma

  1. bee (insect)

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ma m (plural ma's, diminutive maatje n)

  1. (informal) mother

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]


Estonian[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ma (genitive mu, partitive mind)

  1. I; short form of mina

Finnish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From maanantai.

Abbreviation[edit]

ma

  1. maanantai (Monday)

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ma

  1. (personal, archaic, poetic) I
Synonyms[edit]

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French ma, from Latin mea.

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

ma f

  1. feminine singular of mon

Related terms[edit]

Possessee
Singular Plural
Masculine Feminine
Possessor Singular First person mon1 ma mes
Second person ton1 ta tes
Third person son1 sa ses
Plural First person notre nos
Second person votre2 vos2
Third person leur leurs
1 Also used before the feminine adjectives and nouns beginning with a vowel or a mute h.
2 Also used for the singular polite form.

Further reading[edit]


Havasupai-Walapai-Yavapai[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ma

  1. 2nd-person singular pronoun: you
  2. 2nd-person plural pronoun: you
  3. 2nd-person singular possessive pronoun: your
  4. 2nd-person plural possessive pronoun: your

See also[edit]


Hawaiian[edit]

Preposition[edit]

ma

  1. in, at

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably related to más.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ma

  1. today

Noun[edit]

ma (plural mák)

  1. today

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative ma mák
accusative mát mákat
dative mának máknak
instrumental mával mákkal
causal-final máért mákért
translative mává mákká
terminative máig mákig
essive-formal maként mákként
essive-modal
inessive mában mákban
superessive mán mákon
adessive mánál máknál
illative mába mákba
sublative mára mákra
allative mához mákhoz
elative mából mákból
delative máról mákról
ablative mától máktól
Possessive forms of ma
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. mám máim
2nd person sing. mád máid
3rd person sing. mája mái
1st person plural mánk máink
2nd person plural mátok máitok
3rd person plural májuk máik

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Ido[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from French mais, Italian ma, Spanish mas from Latin magis, from Proto-Indo-European *méǵh₂s.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

ma

  1. but

Synonyms[edit]

  • sed (archaic)

Interlingua[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Italian. Compare Spanish mas.

Conjunction[edit]

ma

  1. but

Istriot[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin magis.

Conjunction[edit]

ma

  1. but
    • 1877, Antonio Ive, Canti popolari istriani: raccolti a Rovigno, volume 5, Ermanno Loescher, page 68:
      Ma sulo i tuoi bai uoci, anema meîa,
      But only your beautiful eyes, oh soul of mine

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin magis.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Rhymes: -a

Conjunction[edit]

ma

  1. but

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

ma f

  1. Abbreviation of mamma.

Interjection[edit]

ma

  1. (informal, emphatic) Indicates emotion or emphasis.
    Ma che carino! - Oh, how cute!
  2. (informal) Used to introduce a new topic or a question.
    Ma...tu sei di Roma? - So...you're from Rome?

References[edit]

  1. ^ Angelo Prati, "Vocabolario Etimologico Italiano", Torino, 1951

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

ma

  1. Rōmaji transcription of
  2. Rōmaji transcription of

Keoru-Ahia[edit]

Noun[edit]

ma

  1. water

References[edit]


Ladino[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Italian mai, from Latin magis.

Conjunction[edit]

ma (Latin spelling)

  1. but
  2. why

Livonian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

See etymology at Finnish me.

Pronoun[edit]

ma

  1. I; first person pronoun, referring to the speaker

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Renāte Blumberga, Tapio Mäkeläinen, Karl Pajusalu (2013), Lībieši: vēsture, valoda un kultūra, Rīga: Līvõ Kultūr sidām, ISBN 978-9984-49-730-3


Lojban[edit]

Cmavo[edit]

ma

  1. (interrogative, pro-sumti) Used as a sumti, the word indicates asking for that sumti; thus it is equivalent to any of the English question words "who", "where", "how", etc.

See also[edit]


Lower Sorbian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ma

  1. third-person singular present of měś

Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

ma (Zhuyin ㄇㄚ˙)

  1. Pinyin transcription of
  2. Pinyin transcription of ,
  3. Pinyin transcription of
  4. Pinyin transcription of

ma

  1. Nonstandard spelling of .
  2. Nonstandard spelling of .
  3. Nonstandard spelling of .
  4. Nonstandard spelling of .

Usage notes[edit]

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Maricopa[edit]

Noun[edit]

ma

  1. milk

Neapolitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin magis. Compare Italian ma, French mais.

Conjunction[edit]

ma

  1. but

Nigerian Pidgin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English my.

Determiner[edit]

ma

  1. my

North Frisian[edit]

Preposition[edit]

ma

  1. (Mooring Dialect) with

Novial[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

ma

  1. but

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin mea.

Determiner[edit]

ma f (masculine mon, plural mes)

  1. my (first-person singular possessive)

Descendants[edit]

  • French: ma

Old Frisian[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ma

  1. one

Opao[edit]

Noun[edit]

ma

  1. water

References[edit]


Orokolo[edit]

Noun[edit]

ma

  1. water

References[edit]


Pipil[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

  1. Subjunctive marker
    Nechilwijket ma nikinkwepili musta
    They told me to return it to them tomorrow
    Tikajkawat ma seseya pal tikwat
    We leave it to cool down so we can eat it
  2. Short for maka. (Negative imperative marker)
    Ma shina kiuni!
    Don't say that!

Usage notes[edit]

  • The particle ma helps disambiguating many of the subjunctive forms from the present indicative or imperative forms.

Verb[edit]

-má

  1. Short for -maka.

Pitjantjatjara[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ma

  1. away

Pohnpeian[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

ma

  1. if

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ma

  1. Third-person singular present indicative form of mieć.
    Andrzej ma 18 lat. – Andrzej is 18 years old.

Pronoun[edit]

ma

  1. feminine nominative singular of mój

Synonyms[edit]


Samoan[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

ma

  1. and
  2. because

Preposition[edit]

ma

  1. with

Scots[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ma

  1. my

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

ma

  1. if
    Ma tha thu 'g iarrraidh sin... - If you want that...

Usage notes[edit]


Suri[edit]

Noun[edit]

  1. water

References[edit]

  • 1999, Michael Bryant, Aspects of Tirmaga Grammar (in notes, as ma)
  • Michael Bryant, A Brief Grammar of the Suri Language (2011) (as )

Tahitian[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

ma

  1. and

Preposition[edit]

ma

  1. with

Tairuma[edit]

Noun[edit]

ma

  1. Alternative form of ma'a

References[edit]


Toaripi[edit]

Noun[edit]

ma

  1. (Toaripi, Kaipi, Sepoe) water

References[edit]


Tz'utujil[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ma

  1. not

Veps[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *maa, from Proto-Uralic *mëxe.

Noun[edit]

ma

  1. earth
  2. ground
  3. soil
  4. land, country, region
  5. state

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of ma
nominative sing. ma
genitive sing. man
partitive sing. mad
partitive plur. maid
singular plural
nominative ma mad
accusative man mad
genitive man maiden
partitive mad maid
essive-instructive man main
translative maks maikš
inessive mas maiš
elative maspäi maišpäi
illative  ? maihe
adessive mal mail
ablative malpäi mailpäi
allative male maile
abessive mata maita
comitative manke maidenke
prolative madme maidme
approximative I manno maidenno
approximative II mannoks maidennoks
egressive mannopäi maidennopäi
terminative I  ? maihesai
terminative II malesai mailesai
terminative III massai
additive I  ? maihepäi
additive II malepäi mailepäi

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Vietnamese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia vi

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Vietic *-maː (genie; phantom; ghost; spirit)

Noun[edit]

ma

  1. ghost (spirit appearing after death)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Sino-Vietnamese word from

Noun[edit]

ma

  1. (archaic) a demon
  2. (archaic) magic
Derived terms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Vilamovian[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ma

  1. (indefinite) one, they (indefinite third-person singular pronoun)

Vilela[edit]

Noun[edit]

ma

  1. water

References[edit]

  • Bernard Comrie, ‎Lucía Golluscio, Language Contact and Documentation (2015, ISBN 3110393557)
  • Bartolomé Tavera-Acosta, En el sur: (Dialectos indígenas de Venezuela) (1907)

Wolof[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ma

  1. me (first-person singular object pronoun)

See also[edit]


Zhuang[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Lao ໝາ (), Lü ᦖᦱ (máa), Shan မႃ (maa), Thai หมา (mǎa).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Standard Zhuang) IPA(key): /ma˨˦/
  • Tone numbers: ma1
  • Hyphenation: ma

Noun[edit]

ma (old orthography ma)

  1. dog

Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *-ímá, from Proto-Bantu *-jɪ́ma.

Verb[edit]

-má

  1. (intransitive) to stand, to be standing
  2. (intransitive) to stand still, to not move
  3. (intransitive) to stop, to come to a standstill, to halt

Inflection[edit]

Tone H, latent i
Infinitive ukuma
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukuma ukungemi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular yima yime
Plural yimani yimeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyema, ngima engiyema, engima ngima angimi engingemi ngingemi
2nd singular uyema, uma oyema, oma uma awumi ongemi ungemi
1st plural siyema, sima esiyema, esima sima asimi esingemi singemi
2nd plural niyema, nima eniyema, enima nima animi eningemi ningemi
Class 1 uyema, uma oyema, oma ema akemi ongemi engemi
Class 2 bayema, bema abayema, abema bema abemi abangemi bengemi
Class 3 uyema, uma oyema, oma uma awumi ongemi ungemi
Class 4 iyema, ima eyema, ema ima ayimi engemi ingemi
Class 5 liyema, lima eliyema, elima lima alimi elingemi lingemi
Class 6 ayema, ema ayema, ema ema awemi angemi engemi
Class 7 siyema, sima esiyema, esima sima asimi esingemi singemi
Class 8 ziyema, zima eziyema, ezima zima azimi ezingemi zingemi
Class 9 iyema, ima eyema, ema ima ayimi engemi ingemi
Class 10 ziyema, zima eziyema, ezima zima azimi ezingemi zingemi
Class 11 luyema, luma oluyema, oluma luma alumi olungemi lungemi
Class 14 buyema, buma obuyema, obuma buma abumi obungemi bungemi
Class 15 kuyema, kuma okuyema, okuma kuma akumi okungemi kungemi
Class 17 kuyema, kuma okuyema, okuma kuma akumi okungemi kungemi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngimile, ngimē engimile, engimē ngimile, ngimē angimanga engingemanga ngingemanga
2nd singular umile, umē omile, omē umile, umē awumanga ongemanga ungemanga
1st plural simile, simē esimile, esimē simile, simē asimanga esingemanga singemanga
2nd plural nimile, nimē enimile, enimē nimile, nimē animanga eningemanga ningemanga
Class 1 umile, umē omile, omē emile, emē akemanga ongemanga engemanga
Class 2 bemile, bemē abemile, abemē bemile, bemē abemanga abangemanga bengemanga
Class 3 umile, umē omile, omē umile, umē awumanga ongemanga ungemanga
Class 4 imile, imē emile, emē imile, imē ayimanga engemanga ingemanga
Class 5 limile, limē elimile, elimē limile, limē alimanga elingemanga lingemanga
Class 6 emile, emē emile, emē emile, emē awemanga angemanga engemanga
Class 7 simile, simē esimile, esimē simile, simē asimanga esingemanga singemanga
Class 8 zimile, zimē ezimile, ezimē zimile, zimē azimanga ezingemanga zingemanga
Class 9 imile, imē emile, emē imile, imē ayimanga engemanga ingemanga
Class 10 zimile, zimē ezimile, ezimē zimile, zimē azimanga ezingemanga zingemanga
Class 11 lumile, lumē olumile, olumē lumile, lumē alumanga olungemanga lungemanga
Class 14 bumile, bumē obumile, obumē bumile, bumē abumanga obungemanga bungemanga
Class 15 kumile, kumē okumile, okumē kumile, kumē akumanga okungemanga kungemanga
Class 17 kumile, kumē okumile, okumē kumile, kumē akumanga okungemanga kungemanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāma engāma ngāma angimanga engingemanga ngingemanga
2nd singular wāma owāma wāma awumanga ongemanga ungemanga
1st plural sāma esāma sāma asimanga esingemanga singemanga
2nd plural nāma enāma nāma animanga eningemanga ningemanga
Class 1 wāma owāma āma akemanga ongemanga engemanga
Class 2 bāma abāma bāma abemanga abangemanga bengemanga
Class 3 wāma owāma wāma awumanga ongemanga ungemanga
Class 4 yāma eyāma yāma ayimanga engemanga ingemanga
Class 5 lāma elāma lāma alimanga elingemanga lingemanga
Class 6 āma āma āma awemanga angemanga engemanga
Class 7 sāma esāma sāma asimanga esingemanga singemanga
Class 8 zāma ezāma zāma azimanga ezingemanga zingemanga
Class 9 yāma eyāma yāma ayimanga engemanga ingemanga
Class 10 zāma ezāma zāma azimanga ezingemanga zingemanga
Class 11 lwāma olwāma lwāma alumanga olungemanga lungemanga
Class 14 bāma obāma bāma abumanga obungemanga bungemanga
Class 15 kwāma okwāma kwāma akumanga okungemanga kungemanga
Class 17 kwāma okwāma kwāma akumanga okungemanga kungemanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingema ngingema ngingeme ngingeme
2nd singular ungema ungema ungeme ungeme
1st plural singema singema singeme singeme
2nd plural ningema ningema ningeme ningeme
Class 1 angema engema angeme engeme
Class 2 bangema bengema bangeme bengeme
Class 3 ungema ungema ungeme ungeme
Class 4 ingema ingema ingeme ingeme
Class 5 lingema lingema lingeme lingeme
Class 6 angema engema angeme engeme
Class 7 singema singema singeme singeme
Class 8 zingema zingema zingeme zingeme
Class 9 ingema ingema ingeme ingeme
Class 10 zingema zingema zingeme zingeme
Class 11 lungema lungema lungeme lungeme
Class 14 bungema bungema bungeme bungeme
Class 15 kungema kungema kungeme kungeme
Class 17 kungema kungema kungeme kungeme
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizokuma engizokuma ngizokuma angizukuma ngingezukuma
2nd singular uzokuma ozokuma uzokuma awuzukuma ungezukuma
1st plural sizokuma esizokuma sizokuma asizukuma singezukuma
2nd plural nizokuma enizokuma nizokuma anizukuma ningezukuma
Class 1 uzokuma ozokuma ezokuma akazukuma engezukuma
Class 2 bazokuma abazokuma bezokuma abazukuma bengezukuma
Class 3 uzokuma ozokuma uzokuma awuzukuma ungezukuma
Class 4 izokuma ezokuma izokuma ayizukuma ingezukuma
Class 5 lizokuma elizokuma lizokuma alizukuma lingezukuma
Class 6 azokuma azokuma ezokuma awazukuma engezukuma
Class 7 sizokuma esizokuma sizokuma asizukuma singezukuma
Class 8 zizokuma ezizokuma zizokuma azizukuma zingezukuma
Class 9 izokuma ezokuma izokuma ayizukuma ingezukuma
Class 10 zizokuma ezizokuma zizokuma azizukuma zingezukuma
Class 11 luzokuma oluzokuma luzokuma aluzukuma lungezukuma
Class 14 buzokuma obuzokuma buzokuma abuzukuma bungezukuma
Class 15 kuzokuma okuzokuma kuzokuma akuzukuma kungezukuma
Class 17 kuzokuma okuzokuma kuzokuma akuzukuma kungezukuma
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyokuma engiyokuma ngiyokuma angiyukuma ngingeyukuma
2nd singular uyokuma oyokuma uyokuma awuyukuma ungeyukuma
1st plural siyokuma esiyokuma siyokuma asiyukuma singeyukuma
2nd plural niyokuma eniyokuma niyokuma aniyukuma ningeyukuma
Class 1 uyokuma oyokuma eyokuma akayukuma engeyukuma
Class 2 bayokuma abayokuma beyokuma abayukuma bengeyukuma
Class 3 uyokuma oyokuma uyokuma awuyukuma ungeyukuma
Class 4 iyokuma eyokuma iyokuma ayiyukuma ingeyukuma
Class 5 liyokuma eliyokuma liyokuma aliyukuma lingeyukuma
Class 6 ayokuma ayokuma eyokuma awayukuma engeyukuma
Class 7 siyokuma esiyokuma siyokuma asiyukuma singeyukuma
Class 8 ziyokuma eziyokuma ziyokuma aziyukuma zingeyukuma
Class 9 iyokuma eyokuma iyokuma ayiyukuma ingeyukuma
Class 10 ziyokuma eziyokuma ziyokuma aziyukuma zingeyukuma
Class 11 luyokuma oluyokuma luyokuma aluyukuma lungeyukuma
Class 14 buyokuma obuyokuma buyokuma abuyukuma bungeyukuma
Class 15 kuyokuma okuyokuma kuyokuma akuyukuma kungeyukuma
Class 17 kuyokuma okuyokuma kuyokuma akuyukuma kungeyukuma
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngime ngingemi
2nd singular ume ungemi
1st plural sime singemi
2nd plural nime ningemi
Class 1 eme angemi
Class 2 beme bangemi
Class 3 ume ungemi
Class 4 ime ingemi
Class 5 lime lingemi
Class 6 eme angemi
Class 7 sime singemi
Class 8 zime zingemi
Class 9 ime ingemi
Class 10 zime zingemi
Class 11 lume lungemi
Class 14 bume bungemi
Class 15 kume kungemi
Class 17 kume kungemi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngema angima
2nd singular wema awuma
1st plural sema asima
2nd plural nema anima
Class 1 wema akema
Class 2 bema abema
Class 3 wema awuma
Class 4 yema ayima
Class 5 lema alima
Class 6 ema awema
Class 7 sema asima
Class 8 zema azima
Class 9 yema ayima
Class 10 zema azima
Class 11 lwema aluma
Class 14 bema abuma
Class 15 kwema akuma
Class 17 kwema akuma

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]