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Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *(j)azъ, from Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

‎(first person)

  1. I

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

 n (indeclinable)

  1. (psychoanalysis) ego

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

  • in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

  1. yes

Synonyms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

  1. (informal) yes (as an exclamation of joy or excitement)

Synonyms[edit]


Inari Sami[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *jahw ‎(and); compare Gothic 𐌾𐌰𐌷 ‎(jah), Old High German ja, joh.

Conjunction[edit]

  1. and

Indo-Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese ‎(already; now), from Old Portuguese ja, from Latin iam ‎(already), from Proto-Indo-European *yē ‎(already).

Particle[edit]

  1. used in conjunction with the past tense
    • 1883, Hugo Schuchardt, Kreolische Studien, volume 3:
      Já fallou par su pai aquêl mais piquin, []
      The youngest one told his father, []

Old Norse[edit]

Adverb[edit]

  1. yes

Interjection[edit]

  1. (informal) yes (as an exclamation of joy or excitement)

Portuguese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ja (obsolete)
  • jah (Internet slang)

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese ja, from Latin iam ‎(already), from Proto-Indo-European *yē ‎(already). Cognate with French .

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

(not comparable)

  1. (usually preceding verbs in the past tense) already (indicating that something has happened before)
    li esse livro.
    I have already read this book.
  2. (usually following verbs in the present tense) now (at this instant)
    Consigo fazer isso .
    I can do this right now.
    Compre !
    Buy now!
  3. (in negative sentences, preceding the adverb não) anymore; any longer
    Eu não leio mais muitos livros.
    I don’t read many books anymore.
  4. (usually preceding verbs in the present tense) in a minute; soon
    Não me apresse, eu faço isso.
    Don’t rush me, I will do this in a minute.
  5. (preceding noun phrases) on the other hand
    Gosto de ler, a minha mãe não lê nem as notícias.
    I enjoy reading, my mother, on the other hand, doesn’t even read the news.

Quotations[edit]

For usage examples of this term, see Citations:já.

Usage notes[edit]

In Portuguese, is said more frequently than the English equivalents. It is sometimes left untranslated altogether.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Angolar: dha
  • Annobonese: za
  • Guinea-Bissau Creole: dja
  • Indo-Portuguese:
  • Kabuverdianu: dja
  • Korlai Creole Portuguese: ja, ya
  • Macanese:
  • Malaccan Creole Portuguese: jah
  • Principense: za
  • Sãotomense: za