ja

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Contents

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Afrikaans ja (yes), from Dutch ja (yes). More at yeah.

Adverb[edit]

ja (not comparable)

  1. (chiefly South Africa, informal) yes

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch ja.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ja

  1. yes

Assan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Yeniseian *ʔaʒ (I). Compare Kott ai (I), Pumpokol ad (I), and Arin aj.

Pronoun[edit]

ja

  1. I (first-person singular subjective)

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin iam.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ja

  1. already, (in negative sentences) any more
  2. now, immediately, at once

Derived terms[edit]


Central Melanau[edit]

Central Melanau cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : ja

Alternative forms[edit]

Numeral[edit]

ja

  1. (cardinal) one

Synonyms[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse (yes).

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

ja

  1. yes

Antonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

ja n (singular definite jaet, plural indefinite jaer)

  1. yes

Inflection[edit]


Dimasa[edit]

Noun[edit]

  1. foot

Derived terms[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch ja, from Old Dutch *jā, from Proto-Germanic *ja.

Adverb[edit]

ja

  1. yes
    Wil je met ons meegaan?Ja, graag!
    Would you like to come with us? — Yes, I'd love to!

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

ja m, n (plural ja's, diminutive jaatje n)

  1. yes
    Een ja kan je krijgen, een nee heb je al.
    A yes you can get, a no you already have.
    Het begon met een ja...
    It began with a yes...

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

ja

  1. yes!
    "Ja!" riep hij luid toen er een doelpunt viel.
    Yes! he screamed loudly when they scored a goal.

Synonyms[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German ja. Compare Danish jo, Swedish ju.

Adverb[edit]

ja

  1. indeed

Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *jahw (and); compare Gothic 𐌾𐌰𐌷 (jah), Old High German ja, joh.

Conjunction[edit]

ja

  1. and

Synonyms[edit]


Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse , from Proto-Germanic *ja.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ja

  1. yes

Antonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

ja n (genitive singular jas, plural ja)

  1. yes

Declension[edit]

Declension of ja
n3 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative ja jaið ja jaini
accusative ja jaið ja jaini
dative jai jainum jaum jaunum
genitive jas jasins jaa jaanna

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *jahw (and); compare Gothic 𐌾𐌰𐌷 (jah), Old High German ja, joh.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

ja

  1. (coordinating) and

Synonyms[edit]

  • sekä (used when listing things — not when joining clauses)

References[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German ja, from Old High German ja, jā (yes), from Proto-Germanic *ja (yes), from Proto-Indo-European *yē (already). Cognate with Dutch ja (yes), English yea (yes, yea), Latin iam (already). More at yes.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /jaː/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aː
  • Homophone: Jahr (according to a widespread pronunciation of this word)

Adverb[edit]

ja

  1. yes
    Willst du das? Ja.Do you want that? Yes.
    Aber ja!Yes, of course!
  2. (intensifier) obviously; certainly; of course; really; just; as you know; as is generally known (indicates and emphasises that one is expressing a known fact)
    Es kann ja nicht immer so bleiben.It obviously cannot always remain so.
    Der Peter war ja gestern krank.Peter was sick yesterday, as you know.

Usage notes[edit]

  • (yes): [Term?] (Ja) is used to indicate agreement with a positive statement. To contradict a negative statement (where English would use “yes”), doch is used instead.
  • (obviously): [Term?] (Ja) means roughly the same as English obviously or as you know, but given its shortness it is used much more frequently. In colloquial German, [Term?] (ja) is used in almost every statement of a fact already known to the one addressed.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

ja

  1. yes

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • ja in Duden online

Further reading[edit]

  • ja in Duden online

Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

ja

  1. Romanization of 𐌾𐌰

Guerrero Amuzgo[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ja

  1. heavy

Pronoun[edit]

ja

  1. I

Gutnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse ek. Compare Swedish jag.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • jag (Fårö and Lau dialects)

Pronoun[edit]

ja

  1. I (first-person singular pronoun)
Inflection[edit]
inflection of "ja"
subject ja
object mi
possessive min, mein, mitt, meine

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse

Adverb[edit]

ja

  1. yes
Usage notes[edit]

Uncertain or stalling answer; jo is used for yes-no questions

Related terms[edit]
  • (used for yes-no questions) jo, (Lau dialect)

Interjection[edit]

ja

  1. yes

References[edit]

  • "ja" in Gutamålgildes Årdliste
  • "ja in Gustavson, H. (red.). 1972-1986. Ordbok över Laumålet på Gotland. Uppsala: AB Lundequistska Bokhandeln.

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈjɒ], [ˈjaː] (the long pronunciation is used in case of great surprise)
  • (file)

Interjection[edit]

ja

  1. (informal) yep (indicates agreement, approval, or understanding)
    Jössz holnap a meccsre? - Ja.
    Are you coming to the game tomorrow? - Yep.
  2. oh (indicates understanding something finally after a misunderstanding or confusion)
    Este nem jár a vonat. - Ja, hát akkor menjünk busszal!
    No train is leaving in the evening. - Oh, well then let's travel by bus!
    Ezt nem is Miki küldte! - Ja, lehet, hogy én értettem félre.
    This was not sent by Miki! - Oh, then I must have misunderstood it.

Synonyms[edit]


Ido[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ja

  1. already

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

ja

  1. Rōmaji transcription of じゃ
  2. Rōmaji transcription of ジャ

Latvian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

Conjunction[edit]

ja

  1. if
  2. in case

Lithuanian[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ja f

  1. (third-person singular) instrumental form of ji.

Lojban[edit]

Cmavo[edit]

ja (rafsi jav)

  1. (conjunction) or, and/or. Joins two predicate words (selbri) into a compound predicate (which is also a selbri).

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Lower Sorbian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *(j)a, from Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂.

Pronoun[edit]

ja sg

  1. I

Declension[edit]


Lule Sami[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *jahw (and); compare Gothic 𐌾𐌰𐌷 (jah), Old High German ja, joh.

Conjunction[edit]

ja

  1. and

North Frisian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ja

  1. (Sylt and Mooring) they

Synonyms[edit]

  • djo (Heligolandic)
  • jo (Amrum and Fering)
  • (Halligen, Hoorning and Wiedingharde)

Northern Sami[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *jahw (and); compare Gothic 𐌾𐌰𐌷 (jah), Old High German ja, joh.

Conjunction[edit]

ja

  1. and

Norwegian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Adverb[edit]

ja

  1. yes

Antonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

ja

  1. yes

Noun[edit]

ja n (definite singular jaet, indefinite plural ja or jaer, definite plural jaa or jaene)

  1. yes

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin iam

Adverb[edit]

ja

  1. already
  2. as soon as possible
  3. quickly
  4. (with "ne") never

References[edit]

  • (fr) Godefroy, Frédéric, Dictionnaire de l'ancienne langue française et de tous ses dialectes du IXe au XVe siècle (1881) (ja)

Pite Sami[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *jahw (and); compare Gothic 𐌾𐌰𐌷 (jah), Old High German ja, joh.

Conjunction[edit]

ja

  1. and

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *(j)azъ, from Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ja

  1. I (first-person pronoun)
    Ja chcę mieć przyjaciół.
    I want to have friends.

Declension[edit]

Notes[edit]

Mute forms ("mię", "mi") cannot be used in accented positions in the sentence. "Mię" is considered dated in Standard Polish, but can still be heard in some dialects.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • ja in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ja (not comparable)

  1. Obsolete spelling of

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *(j)a, from Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

(Cyrillic spelling ја̑)

  1. I
    Ja sam učio.I have studied.
  2. me
    Ovo sam ja.This is me.
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowing from German ja.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

(Cyrillic spelling ја̏)

  1. (colloquial, regional) yes, yeah

Etymology 3[edit]

Interjection[edit]

ja

  1. (archaic) Alternative form of jao
    • 1891, Srpske narodne pjesme:
Ja Ivane, mio pobratime!
O woe, Ivan, dear blood-brother!

Silesian[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ja

  1. yes

Antonyms[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *(j)a, from Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ja

  1. I (first person singular)

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Following prepositions, ma and mi are replaced by mňa and mne respectively.

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

References[edit]

  • ja in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Slovene[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowing from German ja.

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

  1. (informal) yes
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *(j)azъ, from Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂

Pronoun[edit]

ja

  1. (dialectal) I
    Ja sem Slovenec.
    I am Slovenian.
Synonyms[edit]
  • jaz (Standard)
  • jst (dialectal)

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

ja

  1. representation of laughter, ha
    Also used repeatedly: jaja, jajaja

Swahili[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-jìja. Compare Zulu -za.

Verb[edit]

-ja (infinitive kuja)

  1. to come
  2. going to (followed by an infinitive, future, or subjunctive verb)

Derived terms[edit]

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of -ja
Non-finite forms
Form Positive Negative
Infinitive kuja kutokuja
Simple finite forms
Positive form Singular Plural
Imperative njoo njooni
njoni
Habitual huja
Complex finite forms
Polarity Persons Persons / Classes Classes
1st 2nd 3rd / M-wa M-mi Ma Ki-vi N U Ku Pa Mu
Sg. Pl. Sg. Pl. Sg. / 1 Pl. / 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 / 14 15 / 17 16 18
Past
Positive nilikuja
nalikuja
tulikuja
twalikuja
ulikuja
walikuja
mlikuja
mwalikuja
alikuja walikuja ulikuja ilikuja lilikuja yalikuja kilikuja vilikuja ilikuja zilikuja ulikuja kulikuja palikuja mulikuja
Relative niliokuja
naliokuja
tuliokuja
twaliokuja
uliokuja
waliokuja
mliokuja
mwaliokuja
aliokuja waliokuja uliokuja iliokuja liliokuja yaliokuja kiliokuja viliokuja iliokuja ziliokuja uliokuja kuliokuja paliokuja muliokuja
Negative sikuja hatukuja hukuja hamkuja hakuja hawakuja haukuja haikuja halikuja hayakuja hakikuja havikuja haikuja hazikuja haukuja hakukuja hapakuja hamukuja
Present
Positive ninakuja
nakuja
tunakuja unakuja mnakuja anakuja wanakuja unakuja inakuja linakuja yanakuja kinakuja vinakuja inakuja zinakuja unakuja kunakuja panakuja munakuja
Relative ninaokuja
naokuja
tunaokuja unaokuja mnaokuja anaokuja wanaokuja unaokuja inaokuja linaokuja yanaokuja kinaokuja vinaokuja inaokuja zinaokuja unaokuja kunaokuja panaokuja munaokuja
Negative sikuji hatukuji hukuji hamkuji hakuji hawakuji haukuji haikuji halikuji hayakuji hakikuji havikuji haikuji hazikuji haukuji hakukuji hapakuji hamukuji
Future
Positive nitakuja tutakuja utakuja mtakuja atakuja watakuja utakuja itakuja litakuja yatakuja kitakuja vitakuja itakuja zitakuja utakuja kutakuja patakuja mutakuja
Relative nitakaokuja tutakaokuja utakaokuja mtakaokuja atakaokuja watakaokuja utakaokuja itakaokuja litakaokuja yatakaokuja kitakaokuja vitakaokuja itakaokuja zitakaokuja utakaokuja kutakaokuja patakaokuja mutakaokuja
Negative sitakuja hatutakuja hutakuja hamtakuja hatakuja hawatakuja hautakuja haitakuja halitakuja hayatakuja hakitakuja havitakuja haitakuja hazitakuja hautakuja hakutakuja hapatakuja hamutakuja
Subjunctive
Positive nije tuje uje mje aje waje uje ije lije yaje kije vije ije zije uje kuje paje muje
Negative nisije tusije usije msije asije wasije usije isije lisije yasije kisije visije isije zisije usije kusije pasije musije
Present Conditional
Positive ningekuja tungekuja ungekuja mngekuja angekuja wangekuja ungekuja ingekuja lingekuja yangekuja kingekuja vingekuja ingekuja zingekuja ungekuja kungekuja pangekuja mungekuja
Negative nisingekuja
singekuja
tusingekuja
hatungekuja
usingekuja
hungekuja
msingekuja
hamngekuja
asingekuja
hangekuja
wasingekuja
hawangekuja
usingekuja
haungekuja
isingekuja
haingekuja
lisingekuja
halingekuja
yasingekuja
hayangekuja
kisingekuja
hakingekuja
visingekuja
havingekuja
isingekuja
haingekuja
zisingekuja
hazingekuja
usingekuja
haungekuja
kusingekuja
hakungekuja
pasingekuja
hapangekuja
musingekuja
hamungekuja
Past Conditional
Positive ningalikuja tungalikuja ungalikuja mngalikuja angalikuja wangalikuja ungalikuja ingalikuja lingalikuja yangalikuja kingalikuja vingalikuja ingalikuja zingalikuja ungalikuja kungalikuja pangalikuja mungalikuja
Negative nisingalikuja
singalikuja
tusingalikuja
hatungalikuja
usingalikuja
hungalikuja
msingalikuja
hamngalikuja
asingalikuja
hangalikuja
wasingalikuja
hawangalikuja
usingalikuja
haungalikuja
isingalikuja
haingalikuja
lisingalikuja
halingalikuja
yasingalikuja
hayangalikuja
kisingalikuja
hakingalikuja
visingalikuja
havingalikuja
isingalikuja
haingalikuja
zisingalikuja
hazingalikuja
usingalikuja
haungalikuja
kusingalikuja
hakungalikuja
pasingalikuja
hapangalikuja
musingalikuja
hamungalikuja
Conditional Contrary to Fact
Positive ningelikuja tungelikuja ungelikuja mngelikuja angelikuja wangelikuja ungelikuja ingelikuja lingelikuja yangelikuja kingelikuja vingelikuja ingelikuja zingelikuja ungelikuja kungelikuja pangelikuja mungelikuja
General Relative
Positive nijao tujao ujao mjao ajao wajao ujao ijao lijao yajao kijao vijao ijao zijao ujao kujao pajao mujao
Negative nisiokuja tusiokuja usiokuja msiokuja asiokuja wasiokuja usiokuja isiokuja lisiokuja yasiokuja kisiokuja visiokuja isiokuja zisiokuja usiokuja kusiokuja pasiokuja musiokuja
Gnomic
Positive naja twaja waja mwaja aja waja waja yaja laja yaja chaja vyaja yaja zaja waja kwaja paja mwaja
Perfect
Positive nimekuja tumekuja umekuja mmekuja amekuja wamekuja umekuja imekuja limekuja yamekuja kimekuja vimekuja imekuja zimekuja umekuja kumekuja pamekuja mumekuja
"Already"
Positive nimeshakuja tumeshakuja umeshakuja mmeshakuja ameshakuja wameshakuja umeshakuja imeshakuja limeshakuja yameshakuja kimeshakuja vimeshakuja imeshakuja zimeshakuja umeshakuja kumeshakuja pameshakuja mumeshakuja
"Not yet"
Negative sijaja hatujaja hujaja hamjaja hajaja hawajaja haujaja haijaja halijaja hayajaja hakijaja havijaja haijaja hazijaja haujaja hakujaja hapajaja hamujaja
"If/When"
Positive nikija tukija ukija mkija akija wakija ukija ikija likija yakija kikija vikija ikija zikija ukija kukija pakija mukija
"If not"
Negative nisipokuja tusipokuja usipokuja msipokuja asipokuja wasipokuja usipokuja isipokuja lisipokuja yasipokuja kisipokuja visipokuja isipokuja zisipokuja usipokuja kusipokuja pasipokuja musipokuja
Consecutive
Positive nikaja tukaja ukaja mkaja akaja wakaja ukaja ikaja likaja yakaja kikaja vikaja ikaja zikaja ukaja kukaja pakaja mukaja
Not all possible forms are listed in the table. Transitive verbs can take object concords, relative concords can agree with all noun classes, and many other forms not commonly seen in modern Standard Swahili are absent from the table. See Appendix:Swahili verbs for more information.

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse , from Proto-Germanic *ja.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ja (not comparable)

  1. yes

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

ja n

  1. a yes, an aye; a positive answer or vote

Declension[edit]


Tswana[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu [Term?]. Cognate with Swahili kula, Zulu dla.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

go ja (past jelê)

  1. to eat

Tz'utujil[edit]

Article[edit]

ja

  1. the

Alternative forms[edit]


Upper Sorbian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *(j)a, from Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂.

Pronoun[edit]

ja

  1. I

Zialo[edit]

Noun[edit]

ja

  1. water

References[edit]

  • Kirill Vladimirovich Babaev, Zialo: the newly-discovered Mande language of Guinea (2010), page 213