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See also: jähr



From Old High German jār, from Proto-Germanic *jērą, from Proto-Indo-European *yōr-, from *yeh₁r-. Compare Dutch jaar, English year, Danish år.


  • IPA(key): /jaː(ɐ̯)/, [jaːɐ̯], [jaː]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aːɐ̯, -aː
  • Homophone: ja (not official standard)


Jahr n (genitive Jahres or Jahrs, plural Jahre or Jahr, diminutive Jährchen n)

  1. year (solar year, the time it takes the Earth to complete one revolution of the Sun)
  2. year (time it takes for any astronomical object to directly orbit its star)
  3. year (period between set dates that mark a year)
  4. year (level or grade in school or college)

Usage notes[edit]

  • The normal plural is Jahre.
  • The unchanged plural Jahr is rare in formal prose, but may be found in colloquial or poetic language. It is used chiefly after numerals, most often in adverbial constructions such as zwei Jahr später (“two years later”).
  • In colloquial German, a double plural Jahrende may be heard in the sense of “ages”, “a very long time”.


Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • Esperanto: jaro

Further reading[edit]

  • Jahr in Duden online