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See also: Jåhr and jähr



From Middle High German jār, from Old High German jār, from Proto-West Germanic *jār. Compare Dutch jaar, English year, Danish år. Doublet of Uhr.


  • IPA(key): /jaːr/, [jaːʁ], [jaːɐ̯], [jaː]
  • (file)
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  • Rhymes: -aːɐ̯, -aː
  • Homophone: ja (many speakers)


Jahr n (strong, genitive Jahres or Jahrs, plural Jahre or Jahr, diminutive Jährchen n or Jährlein n)

  1. year (solar year, the time it takes the Earth to complete one revolution of the Sun)
    Jahr für Jahryear after year
  2. year (time it takes for any astronomical object to directly orbit its star)
  3. year (period between set dates that mark a year)
  4. year (level or grade in school or college)

Usage notes[edit]

  • The normal plural is Jahre. The unchanged plural Jahr is rare in formal prose, but may be found in colloquial or poetic language. It is used chiefly after numerals, most often in adverbial constructions such as zwei Jahr später (“two years later”).
  • In colloquial German, a double plural Jahrende may be heard in the sense of “ages”, “a very long time”.



Derived terms[edit]


  • Esperanto: jaro
  • Tok Pisin: yar

Further reading[edit]

  • Jahr” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • Jahr” in Uni Leipzig: Wortschatz-Lexikon
  • Jahr” in Duden online
  • Jahr” in OpenThesaurus.de
  • Jahr on the German Wikipedia.Wikipedia de