già

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: gia, giá, giả, giã, ĝia, gi'a, and Gia

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin iam (already, now), from Proto-Indo-European *yē (already). Cognate with Gothic 𐌾𐌰 (ja), 𐌾𐌰𐌹 (jai, yes), Old High German ja, jā (yes), Old English ġēa (yes). More at yea, yes.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈd͡ʒa/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: già
  • Rhymes: -a

Adverb[edit]

già

  1. already, yet
    Synonyms: ormai, fin d'ora
  2. as early as
  3. former, ex-
    Synonym: ex-
    Via Montello (già Trento)
    Montello Street (formerly known as Trento Street)
    Mario Rossi, già ministro delle Finanze
    Mario Rossi, former Minister of Finance
  4. (informal) yes, yeah
  5. an expletive, a word that adds to the strength of a phrase without affecting its meaning and is usually left untranslated
    Non credo io già, che ve ne avrete a male.
    I do not think you will take offense.

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • già in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Anagrams[edit]


Middle Vietnamese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Vietic *k-raː, from Proto-Mon-Khmer *kraʔ ~ *(k)rah.

Adjective[edit]

già (𦓅, 𫅷)

  1. (living being) old
    ou᷄ giàold man
    giàold woman
    thân ou᷄ giàgiàdear old man and woman
    già cảvery old
    già nuavery old
    rủ rỉ già cảold and decrepit
    già lẩnsenile
    già mómold and toothless
    Càng già càng khôn.
    Wisdom increases with age.
    đến giàto reach old age, to approach old age
  2. overripe, mature
    blái giàoverripe fruit
    tle giàmature bamboo
    ngà giàmature ivory
    bạc giàold silver

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (North Central Vietnam) tra

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Vietnamese già, from Proto-Vietic *k-raː, from Proto-Mon-Khmer *kraʔ ~ *(k)rah. Cognate with Muong khà, Tho [Cuối Chăm] kʰraː¹, Bahnar kră. Compare also Nghệ An/Hà Tĩnh dialects tra.

The standard written Vietnamese form is irregular (the expected form would be **sa), while the North Central form shows the shift from *k-r to *k-l observable in several other instances: compare sâu and trâu (caterpillar), sừng and trừng (horn). See giòi (maggot) for another instance of ‹gi› from initial *k-r.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

già (𦓅, 𫅷)

  1. (of lifeforms) old; compare (of objects)
    nhường bước người giàto make way for the elderly
    già thịt daiold chickens have leathery meat
    cây giàold tree
  2. tired, haggard
    mặt giàtired face
    tìm một chị tiếng già để đóng vai bà lãoto search for a woman with a tired voice to voice the role of an old woman
    lo nghĩ nhiều nên già trước tuổito worry too much and thus age too soon
  3. veteran, experienced, longtime
    thầy giàveteran teacher
    Cậu ta là bạn già của mình.He is my old friend.
    Chưa đến bốn mươi nhưng đã già tuổi Đảng.
    Not even 40 years old but already a Party veteran.
  4. overripe
    cau giàoverripe areca nut
    bầu giàoverripe gourd
  5. above average, more than normal
    nước nóng giàtoo-warm water
    dọa già(please add an English translation of this usage example)
  6. slightly excessive, over
    già một thướcover by one meter
    lấy già một đấu(please add an English translation of this usage example)

Derived terms[edit]

Derived terms

Antonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

già

  1. (literary or dialectal) I/me/you, a village/tribe elder or elderly person
    Cám ơn già.
    Thank you, elder.

Noun[edit]

già

  1. (familiar) elder, old person
  2. (card games) king

See also[edit]

Playing cards in Vietnamese · bài tây (layout · text)
Ace of spades.svg 2 of spades.svg 3 of spades.svg 4 of spades.svg 5 of spades.svg 6 of spades.svg 7 of spades.svg
át, heo, hai ba bốn năm sáu bảy
8 of spades.svg 9 of spades.svg 10 of spades.svg Jack of spades2.svg Queen of spades2.svg King of spades2.svg Joker black 02.svg
tám chín mười bồi đầm già phăng teo

References[edit]