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Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

(+ ablative)

  1. Alternative form of cum
    • 1537, de Chauliac, Guy; Cortesius, Joannes Baptistia, Chirurgia Guidonis de Cauliaco [][1], Messanæ, page 73:
      Aut gargariſmis maturatiuis & apertiuis:vt eſt decoctio ficuum dactilorũ fenugreci addendo fermentum.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

Vietnamese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Non-Sino-Vietnamese reading of Chinese (old, SV: cổ). Doublet of cổ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

(𫇰, 𪡻)

  1. (of an object) old, but not ancient; compare cổ (ancient) and già (of a lifeform)
  2. (semantics) obsolete
    từ/nghĩa an obsolete word/sense
  3. (of an object) secondhand (not new; previously owned and used by another)
  4. (of a geographic place) former
    Liên Xô the former Soviet Union
    Nam Tư the former Yugoslavia
  5. (of a person) no longer close
    bạn cũan old friend
    người yêu/người tình/bồ/bạn trai/bạn gái an ex-lover/boyfriend/girlfriend
    chồng/vợ an ex-husband/wife

Derived terms[edit]

Derived terms

See also[edit]