mana

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

English[edit]

Petty Officer Shane Westbrook of the Royal New Zealand Navy leading the New Zealand Defence Force’s Maori Cultural Group during a commemorative service on 8 August 2015 held to mark the 100th anniversary of the Battle of Chunuk Bair which took place during World War I at Gallipoli in the Ottoman Empire (now Turkey)

Pronunciation[edit]

Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)
Particularly: "New Zealand"

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Maori mana, ultimately from Proto-Polynesian *mana, from Proto-Oceanic *mana.

Noun[edit]

mana (usually uncountable, plural manas)

  1. Power, prestige; specifically, a form of supernatural energy in Polynesian religion that inheres in things or people. [from 19th c.]
    • 1862 January 25, Thomas H. Smith, “No. 4: Second Report from T. H. Smith, Esq., R.M.”, in Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives of New Zealand. From the Seventh Day of July to the Fifteenth Day of September, 1862 both Days Inclusive. In the Twenty-sixth Day of the Reign of Her Majesty Queen Victoria. Being the Second Session of the Third Parliament of New Zealand, Wellington: Printed by W. C. Wilson for the House of Representatives, at the printing office, Shortland Crescent, Auckland, OCLC 276727197, pages 10 and 12:
      [page 10] I have the honor to report, for the information of the Government, the result of my visit to Maketu and the Lake District, and the preliminary arrangements made for introducing the new system of Government for the Natives. [] [page 12] They further required that a certain number of the old Chiefs should be liberally pensioned by the Government, and placed upon a footing of equality with European gentlemen of independent means, in consideration of their resigning their "mana" as Chiefs in favor of the new system; []
    • 1920, Edward Carpenter, Pagan and Christian Creeds, New York: Harcourt, Brace and Co., page 61:
      The human tribe partakes of the mana or life-force of the animal, and is strengthened[].
    • 1971, Keith Thomas, Religion and the Decline of Magic: Studies in Popular Beliefs in 16th and 17th Century England, London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, OCLC 71368859; republished London: Folio Society, 2012, OCLC 805007047, page 193:
      But in popular estimation their essential virtue derived from the personal mana of the sovereign.
    • 1999, Pat Hohepa, “My Musket, My Missionary and My Mana”, in Alex Calder, Jonathan Lamb, and Bridget Orr, editors, Voyages and Beaches: Pacific Encounters, 1769–1840, Honolulu: University of Hawaiʻi Press, →ISBN, page 197:
      It can be seen, therefore, that mana is a nonvisible changing measure; it can remain static, increase, or decrease, depending on the actions or inaction of the recipient, and it can be enhanced or diminished. [] One can speak of the mana of a warrior, the mana of a woman leader, the mana of a child prodigy.
    • 2001 September, Aldo Matteucci, “Language and Diplomacy – A Practitioner's View”, in Jovan Kurbalija and Hannah Slavik, editors, Language and Diplomacy, Malta: DiploProjects, Mediterranean Academy of Diplomatic Studies, University of Malta, →ISBN, page 61:
      Among the Maori sovereignty was the result of mana—power based on hereditary rank and personal achievement. Manas could coexist and overlap, as they did in the medieval times in Europe.
    • 2012, Harold Hill, “Te Ope Whakaora, the Army that Brings Life: The Salvation Army and Māori”, in Hugh [Douglas] Morrison, Lachy Paterson, Brett Knowles, and Murray Rae, editors, Mana Māori and Christianity, Wellington: Huia Publishers, →ISBN:
      On a number of occasions in recent years apologies have been offered to Māori because of past offences to their mana and invasions of their rights as tangata whenua.
  2. (fantasy role-playing games) Magical power.
    • 2003 May 20, “Bear”, “Makes Lovely Julienne Ogres …”, in rec.games.roguelike.angband, Usenet[2], message-ID <3EC9C629.4DF117C@sonic.net>:
      [] Teleporting from an open room where there were a dozen black orcs firing bows [] landed me, low on mana and hitpoints, in a room full of gnome mages who instantly summoned four umber hulks and a xorn!
    • 2010, Ernest Adams, “Artifical Life and Puzzle Games”, in Fundamentals of Game Design, 2nd edition, Berkeley, Calif.: New Riders, →ISBN, page 580:
      Mana often grows in exponential proportion to population size, so as the population increases the player acquires vastly greater powers—a progression that god games share with spellcaster characters in role-playing games.

Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

mana (plural manas)

  1. Alternative form of mina (ancient unit of weight or currency).

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

mana (uncountable)

  1. Alternative spelling of manna.

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Bassa[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mana

  1. a blessing

Verb[edit]

mana

  1. to swallow

References[edit]


Bikol Central[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mana

  1. heirloom, inheritance, heritage

Verb[edit]

mana (infinitive magmana)

  1. to inherit

Blagar[edit]

Noun[edit]

mana

  1. place

References[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

mana

  1. sorry, pardon (I did not hear you)

Synonyms[edit]

Verb[edit]

mana

  1. third-person singular present indicative form of manar
  2. second-person singular imperative form of manar

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin manna

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈmana]
  • Hyphenation: ma‧na
  • Rhymes: -ana

Noun[edit]

mana

  1. manna

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • mana in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • mana in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Denya[edit]

Noun[edit]

mànǎ

  1. water

Further reading[edit]

  • Tanyi Eyong Mbuagbaw, The Denya Noun Class System, in the Journal of West African Languages

Fijian[edit]

Noun[edit]

mana

  1. sign, omen
  2. miracle, wonder (use cakamana to specify this meaning)
  3. antidote (use mana kina to specify this meaning)
  4. (biblical) manna

Adverb[edit]

mana

  1. so be it, let it be so (addressed to a heathen deity)

Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈmɑnɑ/, [ˈmɑnɑ]
  • Rhymes: -ɑnɑ
  • Syllabification: ma‧na

Etymology 1[edit]

Unknown. Possibly a back-formation of manala, which could then originate from maan alla (under the ground), but this is untenable if the proposed Samic cognates are correct (such as Southern Sami muonese ((good or bad) spirit, omen)).

Noun[edit]

mana

  1. death, Death (personification of death)
Declension[edit]
Inflection of mana (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative mana manat
genitive manan manojen
partitive manaa manoja
illative manaan manoihin
singular plural
nominative mana manat
accusative nom. mana manat
gen. manan
genitive manan manojen
manainrare
partitive manaa manoja
inessive manassa manoissa
elative manasta manoista
illative manaan manoihin
adessive manalla manoilla
ablative manalta manoilta
allative manalle manoille
essive manana manoina
translative manaksi manoiksi
instructive manoin
abessive manatta manoitta
comitative manoineen
Possessive forms of mana (type kala)
possessor singular plural
1st person manani manamme
2nd person manasi mananne
3rd person manansa
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Maori mana.

Noun[edit]

mana

  1. mana
Declension[edit]
Inflection of mana (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative mana manat
genitive manan manojen
partitive manaa manoja
illative manaan manoihin
singular plural
nominative mana manat
accusative nom. mana manat
gen. manan
genitive manan manojen
manainrare
partitive manaa manoja
inessive manassa manoissa
elative manasta manoista
illative manaan manoihin
adessive manalla manoilla
ablative manalta manoilta
allative manalle manoille
essive manana manoina
translative manaksi manoiksi
instructive manoin
abessive manatta manoitta
comitative manoineen
Possessive forms of mana (type kala)
possessor singular plural
1st person manani manamme
2nd person manasi mananne
3rd person manansa

Anagrams[edit]


Garo[edit]

Verb[edit]

mana

  1. to rebuke

Hadza[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mana m

  1. a piece of meat

See also manako (meat), manabee (body), manae (to go to where there is meat)


Hawaiian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *mana, from Proto-Oceanic *mana.

Noun[edit]

mana

  1. religious power

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Ultimately from Proto-Germanic *manōną. Possibly borrowed through Middle Low German or German mahnen (to urge).

Verb[edit]

mana (weak verb, third-person singular past indicative manaði, supine manað)

  1. to dare (someone to do something)
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from English mana, from Proto-Polynesian *mana, from Proto-Oceanic *mana.

Noun[edit]

mana n (genitive singular mana, no plural)

  1. (gaming, role playing) mana
Declension[edit]

Indonesian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

mana

  1. where, which

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish manadh, from a Proto-Celtic derivative of Proto-Indo-European *men- (to think), the source of Latin moneo (I advise, warn).[1]

Noun[edit]

mana m (genitive singular mana, nominative plural manaí)

  1. portent, sign
  2. attitude, outlook
  3. motto

Declension[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
mana mhana not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ MacBain, Alexander; Mackay, Eneas, “manadh”, in An Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language[1], Stirling, 1911, →ISBN, page 241

Italiot Greek[edit]

Noun[edit]

mana f

  1. mother

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

mana

  1. Rōmaji transcription of まな
  2. Rōmaji transcription of マナ

Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

mānā

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of mānō

Latvian[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

mana

  1. genitive singular masculine form of mans
  2. nominative singular feminine form of mans
  3. vocative singular feminine form of mans

Verb[edit]

mana

  1. 3rd person singular present indicative form of manīt
  2. 3rd person plural present indicative form of manīt
  3. (with the particle lai) 3rd person singular imperative form of manīt
  4. (with the particle lai) 3rd person plural imperative form of manīt

Malay[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

mana (Jawi spelling مان‎)

  1. where (incomplete without ke, di or dari)
  2. which (used with yang)

Usage notes[edit]

Only comes in the following form di mana (at, in where), ke mana (to where) and yang mana (which one).

Further reading[edit]


Maori[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *mana, from Proto-Oceanic *mana.

Noun[edit]

mana

  1. power; mana
    • 2006, Joanne Barker, Sovereignty Matters, page 208:
      In 1979 a gathering of elders at the Waananga kaumatua affirmed te reo Maori “Ko te reo te mauri o te mana Maori” the language is the life principle of Maori mana.

Descendants[edit]

  • English: mana

Middle Norwegian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German [Term?].

Verb[edit]

mana

  1. to encourage, urge

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Neapolitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Latin manus.

Noun[edit]

mana f

  1. hand

Northern Sami[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Kautokeino) IPA(key): /ˈmana/

Verb[edit]

mana

  1. inflection of mannat:
    1. present indicative connegative
    2. second-person singular imperative
    3. imperative connegative

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Norwegian mana, from Middle Low German [Term?].

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

mana (present tense manar, past tense mana, past participle mana, passive infinitive manast, present participle manande, imperative man)

  1. to encourage, urge

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Noun[edit]

mana

  1. definite singular of man

References[edit]


Old Norse[edit]

Noun[edit]

mana

  1. indefinite genitive plural of mǫn

Oromo[edit]

Noun[edit]

mana

  1. house

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

mana m or n

  1. Interpretation of many of the inflectional forms of manas (mind)
  2. vocative singular of manas

Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

mana f (plural manas)

  1. (colloquial, familiar) sister

Quechua[edit]

Particle[edit]

mana

  1. not
  2. no

See also[edit]


Rapa Nui[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *mana, from Proto-Oceanic *mana.

Noun[edit]

mana

  1. power
  2. divine authority

Sambali[edit]

Noun[edit]

mana

  1. heritage

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Turkish mahana, a dialectic variant of Turkish behane from Persian بهانه(bahâne, excuse). Related to Macedonian маана (maana), Bulgarian махана (mahana), Albanian mahanë - all borrowed from Ottoman Turkish.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mána f (Cyrillic spelling ма́на)

  1. flaw, fault, shortcoming
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin manna, from Ancient Greek μάννα (mánna), from Hebrew מן(mān, 'manna).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /mâna/
  • Hyphenation: ma‧na

Noun[edit]

mȁna f (Cyrillic spelling ма̏на)

  1. manna
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from English mana, from Proto-Polynesian *mana, from Proto-Oceanic *mana.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /mâna/
  • Hyphenation: ma‧na

Noun[edit]

mȁna f (Cyrillic spelling ма̏на)

  1. mana
Declension[edit]

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

mana

  1. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of manar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of manar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of manar.

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Low German manen, from Old Saxon manon, from Proto-Germanic *manōną, cognate with Old English manian (to remind).

Verb[edit]

mana (present manar, preterite manade, supine manat, imperative mana)

  1. to encourage or urge someone

Conjugation[edit]

See also[edit]


Tagalog[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mana

  1. heirloom, inheritance, heritage

Verb[edit]

mana (infinitive magmana)

  1. to inherit

Tahitian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *mana, from Proto-Oceanic *mana.

Noun[edit]

mana

  1. power
  2. respect given in accordance to power

Tongan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *mana, from Proto-Oceanic *mana.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mana

  1. miracle

Tunggare[edit]

Noun[edit]

mana

  1. water

References[edit]

  • C. L. Voorhoeve, 1975. Languages of Irian Jaya Checklist, Canberra: Pacific Linguistics, p.120
  • Bill Palmer, editor, The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide, Padua: De Gruyter Mouton, 2018, OCLC 1050042990

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic مَعْنًى(maʿnan) (plural: مَعَانٍ(maʿānin)).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /maːɲaː/, /maːnaː/

Noun[edit]

mânâ (definite accusative manayı, plural manalar)

  1. meaning

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative mana
Definite accusative manayı
Singular Plural
Nominative mana manalar
Definite accusative manayı manaları
Dative manaya manalara
Locative manada manalarda
Ablative manadan manalardan
Genitive mananın manaların
Possessive forms
Nominative Singular Plural
1st singular manam manalarım
2nd singular manan manaların
3rd singular manası manaları
1st plural manamız manalarımız
2nd plural mananız manalarınız
3rd plural manaları manaları
Definite accusative Singular Plural
1st singular manamı manalarımı
2nd singular mananı manalarını
3rd singular manasını manalarını
1st plural manamızı manalarımızı
2nd plural mananızı manalarınızı
3rd plural manalarını manalarını
Dative Singular Plural
1st singular manama manalarıma
2nd singular manana manalarına
3rd singular manasına manalarına
1st plural manamıza manalarımıza
2nd plural mananıza manalarınıza
3rd plural manalarına manalarına
Locative Singular Plural
1st singular manamda manalarımda
2nd singular mananda manalarında
3rd singular manasında manalarında
1st plural manamızda manalarımızda
2nd plural mananızda manalarınızda
3rd plural manalarında manalarında
Ablative Singular Plural
1st singular manamdan manalarımdan
2nd singular manandan manalarından
3rd singular manasından manalarından
1st plural manamızdan manalarımızdan
2nd plural mananızdan manalarınızdan
3rd plural manalarından manalarından
Genitive Singular Plural
1st singular manamın manalarımın
2nd singular mananın manalarının
3rd singular manasının manalarının
1st plural manamızın manalarımızın
2nd plural mananızın manalarınızın
3rd plural manalarının manalarının
Predicative forms
Singular Plural
1st singular manayım manalarım
2nd singular manasın manalarsın
3rd singular mana
manadır
manalar
manalardır
1st plural manayız manalarız
2nd plural manasınız manalarsınız
3rd plural manalar manalardır

Synonyms[edit]


Volapük[edit]

Noun[edit]

mana

  1. genitive singular of man

Xavante[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): [mə̃nə̃]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Central Jê *mə̃nə̃ (tail, penis) < Proto-Cerrado *mbyn (tail, penis) < Proto-Jê *mbyn (tail).

Noun[edit]

mana

  1. Form of (utterance-medial variant)

Yawa[edit]

Noun[edit]

mana

  1. water

References[edit]

  • Andrew Pawley, Papuan Pasts: Cultural, Linguistic and Biological Histories of Papuan-Speaking Peoples (2005)