pardon

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Pardon and pardön

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English pardonen, from Old French pardoner (modern French pardonner), from Vulgar Latin *perdonare, from per- + donare, a loan-translation of a Germanic word represented by Frankish *firgeban (to forgive, give up completely), from *fir- + *geban. Akin to Old High German fargeban, firgeban (to forgive), Old English forġiefan (to forgive). More at forgive.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pardon (countable and uncountable, plural pardons)

  1. Forgiveness for an offence.
    • 1748, Samuel Richardson, Clarissa
      [] a step, that could not be taken with the least hope of ever obtaining pardon from or reconciliation with any of my friends; []
  2. (law) An order that releases a convicted criminal without further punishment, prevents future punishment, or (in some jurisdictions) removes an offence from a person's criminal record, as if it had never been committed.
    • 1974: President Gerald Ford, Proclamation 4311
      I [] have granted and by these presents do grant a full, free, and absolute pardon unto Richard Nixon for all offenses against the United States []
    • 2001, Olson, Barbara, “The Final Frenzy: Finishing Touches on the Legend”, in The Final Days: The Last, Desperate Abuses of Power by the Clinton White House[1] (Politics/Current Affairs), Washington, D.C.: Regnery Publishing, →ISBN, LCCN 2001048327, OCLC 658234525, page 7:
      But the president's most irreversible, almost God-like power is the authority granted to him under Article II, Section 2, of the United States Constitution, "to grant Reprieves and Pardons for Offenses Against the United States. . . ."
      The power is absolute-even a serial killer could be pardoned-and utterly unreviewable. It cannot be rescinded by the next president. The president may grant a pardon before a trial, after a trial, or without a trial. Once granted, a pardon can never be taken away.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb[edit]

pardon (third-person singular simple present pardons, present participle pardoning, simple past and past participle pardoned)

  1. (transitive) To forgive (a person).
  2. (transitive) To refrain from exacting as a penalty.
  3. (transitive, law) To grant an official pardon for a crime.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Interjection[edit]

pardon?

  1. Often used when someone does not understand what another person says.

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Czech[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

pardon

  1. sorry, I'm sorry, I beg your pardon, I apologize

Synonyms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • pardon in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • pardon in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French pardon.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /pɑrˈdɔn/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: par‧don
  • Rhymes: -ɔn

Interjection[edit]

pardon

  1. I'm sorry, pardon

Descendants[edit]

  • Negerhollands: pardon, bardon
  • Saramaccan: padón

Noun[edit]

pardon n (plural pardons)

  1. (law) pardon, clemency

Descendants[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Deverbal of pardonner.

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

pardon

  1. excuse me
  2. sorry

Descendants[edit]

Noun[edit]

pardon m (plural pardons)

  1. pardon, forgiveness

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French pardon.

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

pardon

  1. pardon!, pardon me!, excuse me!, I beg your pardon!, sorry!

Further reading[edit]


Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French pardon.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pardon m inan

  1. (dated) pardon, forgiveness
    Synonyms: przebaczenie, wybaczenie

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

adjective
adverb
noun
verb

Interjection[edit]

pardon

  1. (colloquial) sorry, excuse me, I beg your pardon
    Synonym: przepraszam

Further reading[edit]

  • pardon in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • pardon in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French pardon.

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

pardon

  1. pardon!, pardon me!, excuse me!, I beg your pardon!, sorry!

Noun[edit]

pardon n (uncountable)

  1. (dated) pardon, pardoning, forgiveness, excuse

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

pardon c

  1. mercy

Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish پاردون(pardon), from French pardon.

Interjection[edit]

pardon

  1. pardon!, pardon me!, excuse me!, I beg your pardon!, sorry!