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From in- +‎ (g)nōscō.



īgnōscō (present infinitive īgnōscere, perfect active īgnōvī, supine īgnōtum); third conjugation

  1. I forgive.

Usage notes[edit]

Takes the dative form of the person forgiven.


Passive forms are not known except for the third-person singular.

   Conjugation of ignosco (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present īgnōscō īgnōscis īgnōscit īgnōscimus īgnōscitis īgnōscunt
imperfect īgnōscēbam īgnōscēbās īgnōscēbat īgnōscēbāmus īgnōscēbātis īgnōscēbant
future īgnōscam īgnōscēs īgnōscet īgnōscēmus īgnōscētis īgnōscent
perfect īgnōvī īgnōvistī īgnōvit īgnōvimus īgnōvistis īgnōvērunt, īgnōvēre
pluperfect īgnōveram īgnōverās īgnōverat īgnōverāmus īgnōverātis īgnōverant
future perfect īgnōverō īgnōveris īgnōverit īgnōverimus īgnōveritis īgnōverint
passive present īgnōscor īgnōsceris, īgnōscere īgnōscitur īgnōscimur īgnōsciminī īgnōscuntur
imperfect īgnōscēbar īgnōscēbāris, īgnōscēbāre īgnōscēbātur īgnōscēbāmur īgnōscēbāminī īgnōscēbantur
future īgnōscar īgnōscēris, īgnōscēre īgnōscētur īgnōscēmur īgnōscēminī īgnōscentur
perfect īgnōtus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect īgnōtus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect īgnōtus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present īgnōscam īgnōscās īgnōscat īgnōscāmus īgnōscātis īgnōscant
imperfect īgnōscerem īgnōscerēs īgnōsceret īgnōscerēmus īgnōscerētis īgnōscerent
perfect īgnōverim īgnōverīs īgnōverit īgnōverīmus īgnōverītis īgnōverint
pluperfect īgnōvissem īgnōvissēs īgnōvisset īgnōvissēmus īgnōvissētis īgnōvissent
passive present īgnōscar īgnōscāris, īgnōscāre īgnōscātur īgnōscāmur īgnōscāminī īgnōscantur
imperfect īgnōscerer īgnōscerēris, īgnōscerēre īgnōscerētur īgnōscerēmur īgnōscerēminī īgnōscerentur
perfect īgnōtus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect īgnōtus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present īgnōsce īgnōscite
future īgnōscitō īgnōscitō īgnōscitōte īgnōscuntō
passive present īgnōscere īgnōsciminī
future īgnōscitor īgnōscitor īgnōscuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives īgnōscere īgnōvisse īgnōtūrus esse īgnōscī īgnōtus esse īgnōtum īrī
participles īgnōscēns īgnōtūrus īgnōtus īgnōscendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
īgnōscere īgnōscendī īgnōscendō īgnōscendum īgnōtum īgnōtū



  • ignosco in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ignosco in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ignosco in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette