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From Late Latin noscum, from Latin nōbiscum (with us).



nosco (poetic, archaic)

  1. with us
    • 1321, Dante Alighieri, La divina commedia: Purgatorio [The Divine Comedy: Purgatory] (paperback), Bompiani, published 2001, Canto XXII, lines 106–108, page 340:
      Euripide v'è nosco e Antifonte, ¶ Simonide, Agatone e altri piùe ¶ Greci che già di lauro ornar la fronte.
      Euripides is with us, Antiphon, ¶ Simonides, Agatho, and many other ¶ Greeks who of old their brows with laurel decked.
    • 1825, Vincenzo Monti, transl., “Libro IV [Book 4]”, in Iliade [Iliad]‎[1], Milan: Giovanni Resnati e Gius. Bernardoni di Gio, translation of Ἰλιάς (Iliás) by Homer, published 1840, page 85:
      [] chi primiero ¶ L'accordo vïolò, pasto vedrassi ¶ Di voraci avoltoi, mentre captive ¶ Le dilette lor mogli in un co' figli ¶ Noi nosco condurremo, Ilio distrutto.
      those who first broke the agreeement will be meal for hungry vultures, while we take with us their beloved wives and children, after destroying Troy.
  2. (by extension) among us
  3. (by extension) towards or against us
  4. (by extension) in our time

See also[edit]


  • nosco in Dizionario Italiano Olivetti, Olivetti Media Communication



Alternative forms[edit]


From earlier gnōscō, from Proto-Italic *gnōskō, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵn̥h₃sḱéti.



nōscō (present infinitive nōscere, perfect active nōvī, supine nōtum); third conjugation

  1. to become acquainted with something, learn about it
    Synonyms: intellegō, prehendō
    • c. 45 BCE, Cicero, Tusculanes 1.52:
      Cum igitur "nosce te" dicit, hoc dicit: "nosce animum tuum". Nam corpus quidem quasi vas est aut aliquod animi receptaculum.
      Therefore when he [the Pythian Apollo] says, "Know thyself", this is what it means: "Know your mind". The body is of course like a vase, or some other container for the mind.
  2. (in perfect tenses and past participle) I know, recognize, am acquainted with, i.e.; in possession of knowledge.
    Synonym: sciō
    • 2 CE, Ovid, Ars Amatoria 1.1-2:
      Sī quis in hōc artem populō nōn nōvit amandī, / hoc legat et lēctō carmine doctus amet.
      If anyone does not know the art of loving, may they read this, and having both read the poem and been taught, love.
    • Hīc Nātus Ubīque Nōtus
      Born Here, Known Everywhere (motto of the Allende Institute in reference to Ignacio de Allende)
  3. (rare) to recognize someone, be familiar with
    Synonyms: recognōscō, cognōscō, agnōscō
  4. (euphemistic) to have had sex with, have ever slept with
    Synonym: cognōscō
    • c. 84 BCE – 54 BCE, Catullus, 72 :
      Dīcēbās quondam sōlum tē nōsse Catullum, / Lesbia, nec prae mē velle tenēre Iovem.
      You used to say, some time ago, that you only ever slept with [me] Catullus, Lesbia, and that you didn't want to hold [even] Jupiter more than me.
  5. to accept a reason or excuse
    Synonyms: accipiō, cōnservō
  6. (Late Latin, Christian Latin) to acknowledge God, submit to
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Acta Apostolorum.19.15:
      Respondens autem spiritus nequam dixit eis, Iesum novi et Paulum scio, vos autem qui estis?
      A wicked spirit replied to them, "I acknowledge Jesus, and I know Paul, but who are all of you?


  • Also in classical Latin are nōram for nōveram, nōrim for nōverim, nōmus for nōvimus, nōrunt for nōvērunt.
   Conjugation of nōscō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present nōscō nōscis nōscit nōscimus nōscitis nōscunt
imperfect nōscēbam nōscēbās nōscēbat nōscēbāmus nōscēbātis nōscēbant
future nōscam nōscēs nōscet nōscēmus nōscētis nōscent
perfect nōvī nōvistī, nōstī1 nōvit nōvimus nōvistis, nōstis1 nōvērunt, nōvēre
pluperfect nōveram nōverās nōverat nōverāmus nōverātis nōverant
future perfect nōverō nōveris nōverit nōverimus nōveritis nōverint
passive present nōscor nōsceris, nōscere nōscitur nōscimur nōsciminī nōscuntur
imperfect nōscēbar nōscēbāris, nōscēbāre nōscēbātur nōscēbāmur nōscēbāminī nōscēbantur
future nōscar nōscēris, nōscēre nōscētur nōscēmur nōscēminī nōscentur
perfect nōtus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect nōtus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect nōtus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present nōscam nōscās nōscat nōscāmus nōscātis nōscant
imperfect nōscerem nōscerēs nōsceret nōscerēmus nōscerētis nōscerent
perfect nōverim nōverīs nōverit nōverīmus nōverītis nōverint
pluperfect nōvissem, nōssem1 nōvissēs, nōssēs1 nōvisset, nōsset1 nōvissēmus, nōssēmus1 nōvissētis, nōssētis1 nōvissent, nōssent1
passive present nōscar nōscāris, nōscāre nōscātur nōscāmur nōscāminī nōscantur
imperfect nōscerer nōscerēris, nōscerēre nōscerētur nōscerēmur nōscerēminī nōscerentur
perfect nōtus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect nōtus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present nōsce nōscite
future nōscitō nōscitō nōscitōte nōscuntō
passive present nōscere nōsciminī
future nōscitor nōscitor nōscuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives nōscere nōvisse, nōsse1 nōtūrum esse nōscī nōtum esse nōtum īrī
participles nōscēns nōtūrus nōtus nōscendus, nōscundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
nōscendī nōscendō nōscendum nōscendō nōtum nōtū

1At least one rare poetic syncopated perfect form is attested.

Derived terms[edit]


  • nosco in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • nosco in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • nosco in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be acquainted with the history of one's own land: domestica (externa) nosse