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From Proto-Italic *praiɣendō, equivalent to prae- (fore-, pre-) +‎ *hendō (to take, seize) (not attested without prefix), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰed-; akin to Ancient Greek χανδάνω (khandánō, hold, contain), and English get. The vowel probably underwent regular reduction in prefixed variants (*-praind- > -prēnd-) and was backported into the base form. Related to praeda (prey) and hedera (ivy).

Alternative forms[edit]



prehendō (present infinitive prehendere, perfect active prehendī, supine prehēnsum); third conjugation

  1. I lay hold of, seize, grasp, grab, snatch, take, catch
  2. I detain someone in order to speak with them, accost, lay or catch hold of
  3. I take by surprise, catch in the act
  4. (of trees) I take root
  5. (poetic) I reach, arrive at, attain
  6. (poetic) I take in, reach or embrace with the eye
  7. (figuratively, rare, of the mind) to seize, apprehend, comprehend, grasp

Usage notes[edit]

Used in the following constructions: (3) uses the ablative, the genitive or in with the ablative.


   Conjugation of prehendō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present prehendō prehendis prehendit prehendimus prehenditis prehendunt
imperfect prehendēbam prehendēbās prehendēbat prehendēbāmus prehendēbātis prehendēbant
future prehendam prehendēs prehendet prehendēmus prehendētis prehendent
perfect prehendī prehendistī prehendit prehendimus prehendistis prehendērunt, prehendēre
pluperfect prehenderam prehenderās prehenderat prehenderāmus prehenderātis prehenderant
future perfect prehenderō prehenderis prehenderit prehenderimus prehenderitis prehenderint
passive present prehendor prehenderis, prehendere prehenditur prehendimur prehendiminī prehenduntur
imperfect prehendēbar prehendēbāris, prehendēbāre prehendēbātur prehendēbāmur prehendēbāminī prehendēbantur
future prehendar prehendēris, prehendēre prehendētur prehendēmur prehendēminī prehendentur
perfect prehēnsus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect prehēnsus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect prehēnsus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present prehendam prehendās prehendat prehendāmus prehendātis prehendant
imperfect prehenderem prehenderēs prehenderet prehenderēmus prehenderētis prehenderent
perfect prehenderim prehenderīs prehenderit prehenderīmus prehenderītis prehenderint
pluperfect prehendissem prehendissēs prehendisset prehendissēmus prehendissētis prehendissent
passive present prehendar prehendāris, prehendāre prehendātur prehendāmur prehendāminī prehendantur
imperfect prehenderer prehenderēris, prehenderēre prehenderētur prehenderēmur prehenderēminī prehenderentur
perfect prehēnsus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect prehēnsus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present prehende prehendite
future prehenditō prehenditō prehenditōte prehenduntō
passive present prehendere prehendiminī
future prehenditor prehenditor prehenduntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives prehendere prehendisse prehēnsūrum esse prehendī prehēnsum esse prehēnsum īrī
participles prehendēns prehēnsūrus prehēnsus prehendendus, prehendundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
prehendendī prehendendō prehendendum prehendendō prehēnsum prehēnsū

Derived terms[edit]



  • prehendo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • prehendo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • prehendo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette