comprehendo

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Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From con- +‎ prehendō ‎(catch, grasp).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

comprehendō ‎(present infinitive comprehendere, perfect active comprehendī, supine comprehensum); third conjugation

  1. I lay hold of something on all sides; take or catch hold of, grasp, grip.
  2. I seize upon in a hostile manner, lay hold of; occupy, capture (of a place); arrest, detain, apprehend, catch.
  3. (to a crime or deed) I discover, detect, come upon, reveal.
  4. I intercept a letter.
  5. (of plants) I take root, take hold.
  6. (of a woman) I become pregnant, conceive.
  7. (of space) I contain, comprise, enclose, include, comprehend.
  8. (with ignem) I catch (fire).
  9. (Late Latin, of medicines) I combine, unite.
  10. (figuratively) I comprehend by sense of sight, perceive, observe, see.
  11. (figuratively) I comprehend something by the mind, understand, perceive, grasp, comprehend.
  12. (figuratively) I include or comprehend in words, comprise in discourse, express, describe, recount, narrate.
  13. (figuratively) I number, enumerate, reckon.
  14. (figuratively) I comprehend someone in affection, embrace with kindness, bind or put under obligation.
  15. (figuratively, Late Latin) I shut in, include.

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of comprehendo (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present comprehendō comprehendis comprehendit comprehendimus comprehenditis comprehendunt
imperfect comprehendēbam comprehendēbās comprehendēbat comprehendēbāmus comprehendēbātis comprehendēbant
future comprehendam comprehendēs comprehendet comprehendēmus comprehendētis comprehendent
perfect comprehendī comprehendistī comprehendit comprehendimus comprehendistis comprehendērunt, comprehendēre
pluperfect comprehenderam comprehenderās comprehenderat comprehenderāmus comprehenderātis comprehenderant
future perfect comprehenderō comprehenderis comprehenderit comprehenderimus comprehenderitis comprehenderint
passive present comprehendor comprehenderis, comprehendere comprehenditur comprehendimur comprehendiminī comprehenduntur
imperfect comprehendēbar comprehendēbāris, comprehendēbāre comprehendēbātur comprehendēbāmur comprehendēbāminī comprehendēbantur
future comprehendar comprehendēris, comprehendēre comprehendētur comprehendēmur comprehendēminī comprehendentur
perfect comprehensus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect comprehensus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect comprehensus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present comprehendam comprehendās comprehendat comprehendāmus comprehendātis comprehendant
imperfect comprehenderem comprehenderēs comprehenderet comprehenderēmus comprehenderētis comprehenderent
perfect comprehenderim comprehenderīs comprehenderit comprehenderīmus comprehenderītis comprehenderint
pluperfect comprehendissem comprehendissēs comprehendisset comprehendissēmus comprehendissētis comprehendissent
passive present comprehendar comprehendāris, comprehendāre comprehendātur comprehendāmur comprehendāminī comprehendantur
imperfect comprehenderer comprehenderēris, comprehenderēre comprehenderētur comprehenderēmur comprehenderēminī comprehenderentur
perfect comprehensus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect comprehensus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present comprehende comprehendite
future comprehenditō comprehenditō comprehenditōte comprehenduntō
passive present comprehendere comprehendiminī
future comprehenditor comprehenditor comprehenduntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives comprehendere comprehendisse comprehensūrus esse comprehendī comprehensus esse comprehensum īrī
participles comprehendēns comprehensūrus comprehensus comprehendendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
comprehendere comprehendendī comprehendendō comprehendendum comprehensum comprehensū

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • comprehendo in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • comprehendo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • comprehendo in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to take fire: ignem concipere, comprehendere
    • to grasp a thing mentally: animo, mente, cogitatione aliquid comprehendere, complecti
    • to acquire knowledge of a subject: scientia comprehendere aliquid
    • to have a thorough grasp of a subject: penitus percipere et comprehendere aliquid (De Or. 1. 23. 108)
    • in short; to be brief: ut brevi comprehendam

Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

comprehendo

  1. first-person singular (eu) present indicative of comprehender