From Middle English rekenen, from Old English recenian (“to pay; arrange, dispose, reckon”) and ġerecenian (“to explain, recount, relate”); both from Proto-Germanic *rekanōną (“to count, explain”), from Proto-Germanic *rekanaz (“swift, ready, prompt”), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃reǵ- (“to make straight or right”).
Cognate with Latin rectus (“straight, right”), Scots rekkin (“to ennumerate, mention, narrate, rehearse, count, calculate, compute”), West Frisian rekkenje (“to account, tally, calculate, figure”), Dutch rekenen (“to count, calculate, reckon”), German Low German reken (“to reckon”), German rechnen (“to count, reckon, calculate”), Swedish räkna (“to count, calculate, reckon”), Icelandic reikna (“to calculate”). See also reck, reach.
- To count; to enumerate; to number; also, to compute; to calculate.
- 1611, The Holy Bible, […] (King James Version), imprinted at London: By Robert Barker, […], OCLC 964384981, Leviticus 27:18:
- then the priest shall reckon unto him the money according to the years that remain
- I reckoned above two hundred and fifty on the outside of the church. (Can we date this quote by Joseph Addison?)
- To count as in a number, rank, or series; to estimate by rank or quality; to place by estimation; to account; to esteem; to repute.
- For him I reckon not in high estate. (Can we date this quote by John Milton?)
- To charge, attribute, or adjudge to one, as having a certain quality or value.
- To conclude, as by an enumeration and balancing of chances; hence, to think; to suppose; -- followed by an objective clause
- I reckon he won't try that again.
- 1611, King James Version, Romans 8:18
- For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed in us.
- 1611, King James Version, Romans 6:11
- Likewise reckon ye also yourselves to be dead indeed unto sin.
- To reckon with something or somebody or not, i.e to reckon without something or somebody: to take into account, deal with, consider or not, i.e. to misjudge, ignore, not take into account, not deal with, not consider or fail to consider; e.g. reckon without one's host
- (intransitive) To make an enumeration or computation; to engage in numbering or computing.
- To come to an accounting; to draw up or settle accounts; to examine and strike the balance of debt and credit; to adjust relations of desert or penalty.
- Parfay," sayst thou, sometime he reckon shall." (Can we date this quote by Chaucer?)
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.