- enPR: shŭt, IPA(key): /ʃʌt/
- (dialectal, archaic) IPA(key): /ʃɛt/ (see shet)
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -ʌt
From Middle English shutten, shetten, from Old English scyttan (“to cause rapid movement, shoot a bolt, shut, bolt”), from Proto-Germanic *skutjaną, *skuttijaną (“to bar, bolt”), from Proto-Germanic *skuttą, *skuttjō (“bar, bolt, shed”), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kewd- (“to drive, fall upon, rush”).
Cognate with Dutch schutten (“to shut in, lock up”), Low German schütten (“to shut, lock in”), German schützen (“to shut out, dam, protect, guard”).
shut (third-person singular simple present shuts, present participle shutting, simple past shut, past participle shut or (obsolete, dialectal) shutten)
- (transitive) To close, to stop from being open.
- Please shut the door.
- The light was so bright I had to shut my eyes.
- (intransitive) To close, to stop being open.
- If you wait too long, the automatic door will shut.
- (transitive or intransitive, chiefly Britain) To close a business temporarily, or (of a business) to be closed.
- The pharmacy is shut on Sunday.
- (transitive) To confine in an enclosed area.
- I shut the cat in the kitchen before going out.
- (transitive) To catch or snag in the act of shutting something.
- He's just gone and shut his finger in the door!
- To preclude; to exclude; to bar out.
- 1697, Virgil, “Aeneis”, in John Dryden, transl., The Works of Virgil: Containing His Pastorals, Georgics, and Æneis. […], London: […] Jacob Tonson, […], →OCLC:
- shut from every shore
Except when part of one of the derived terms listed below, almost every use of shut can be replaced by close. The reverse is not true -- there are many uses of close that cannot be replaced by shut.
shut (not comparable)
- Closed; not open.
- A shut door barred our way into the house.
- (linguistics, phonetics, archaic) Synonym of close
- 1810, Benjamin Humphrey Smart, A practical grammar of English pronunciation, page 344:
- Whenever a syllable is formed with a long, that is an open vowel, they account the syllable long; and whenever formed with a short, that is a shut vowel, they reckon it short.
shut (plural shuts)
- The act or time of shutting; close.
- the shut of a door
- 1667, John Milton, “Book VIII”, in Paradise Lost. […], London: […] [Samuel Simmons], […], →OCLC; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: […], London: Basil Montagu Pickering […], 1873, →OCLC:
- Just then returnd at ſhut of Evening Flours.
- A door or cover; a shutter[17th century].
- The line or place where two pieces of metal are welded together.
Variation of chute or shute (archaic, related to shoot) from Old English scēotan.
shut (plural shuts)
- (Britain, Shropshire dialect) A narrow alley or passage acting as a short cut through the buildings between two streets.
- (alleyway): See Thesaurus:alley
- ^ Stanley, Oma (1937), “I. Vowel Sounds in Stressed Syllables”, in The Speech of East Texas (American Speech: Reprints and Monographs; 2), New York: Columbia University Press, →DOI, →ISBN, § 12, page 27.
- English 1-syllable words
- English terms with IPA pronunciation
- English terms with audio links
- Rhymes:English/ʌt/1 syllable
- English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European
- English terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *(s)kewd-
- English terms inherited from Middle English
- English terms derived from Middle English
- English terms inherited from Old English
- English terms derived from Old English
- English terms inherited from Proto-Germanic
- English terms derived from Proto-Germanic
- English lemmas
- English verbs
- English transitive verbs
- English terms with usage examples
- English intransitive verbs
- British English
- English terms with quotations
- English adjectives
- English uncomparable adjectives
- English terms with archaic senses
- English nouns
- English countable nouns
- Shropshire English
- English dialectal terms
- English ergative verbs
- English irregular verbs
- English terms with /ʌ~ʊ/ for Old English /y/
- Regional English