閉じる

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 6
kun’yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Old Japanese. Derived from older form とづ (tozu) via regular historical processes in the shift to the 上一段活用 (kami ichidan katsuyō, upper monograde conjugation) pattern. Over time, the distinction between (dji) and (ji) was lost, leading to the modern spelling of とじる (tojiru).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "閉じる"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
閉じる [tòjíꜜrù]
Imperative (命令形) 閉じろ [tòjíꜜrò]
Key constructions
Passive 閉じられる じられ [tòjíráréꜜrù]
Causative 閉じさせる じさせ [tòjísáséꜜrù]
Potential 閉じられる じられ [tòjíráréꜜrù]
Volitional 閉じよう じよ [tòjíyóꜜò]
Negative 閉じない ない [tòjíꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 閉じなかった なかった [tòjíꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 閉じます じま [tòjímáꜜsù]
Perfective 閉じた じた [tóꜜjìtà]
Conjunctive 閉じて じて [tóꜜjìtè]
Hypothetical conditional 閉じれば れば [tòjíꜜrèbà]

Verb[edit]

()じる (tojirutransitive or intransitive ichidan (stem () (toji), past ()じた (tojita), historical kana とぢる)

  1. to shut, to close
    ()()じる
    me o tojiru
    to close the eyes
    Synonyms: 閉める (shimeru) (transitive), 閉まる (shimaru) (intransitive)

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN