開く

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "開く"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
開く [àkú]
Imperative (命令形) 開け [àké]
Key constructions
Passive 開けられる けられる [àkérárérú]
Causative 開かせる かせる [àkásérú]
Potential 開けられる けられる [àkérárérú]
Volitional 開こう [àkóꜜò]
Negative 開かない かない [àkánáí]
Negative perfective 開かなかった かなかった [àkánáꜜkàttà]
Formal 開きます きま [àkímáꜜsù]
Perfective 開いた いた [àítá]
Conjunctive 開いて いて [àíté]
Hypothetical conditional 開けば [àkéꜜbà]

Verb[edit]

() (akuintransitive godan (stem () (aki), past ()いた (aita))

Japanese verb pair
active ()ける
mediopassive ()
  1. to open
    (かの)(じょ)シャツ(ちい)さな(あな)()いています
    Kanojo no shatsu ni chīsana ana ga aite imasu.
    There is a small hole on her shirt.
    (literally, “A small hole is opening on her shirt.”)
  2. to begin
    (Can we add an example for this sense?)
Conjugation[edit]
  • The passive, causative, and volitional forms are never used.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひら
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "開く"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
開く [hìráꜜkù]
Imperative (命令形) 開け [hìráꜜkè]
Key constructions
Passive 開かれる らかれ [hìrákáréꜜrù]
Causative 開かせる らかせ [hìrákáséꜜrù]
Potential 開ける らけ [hìrákéꜜrù]
Volitional 開こう らこ [hìrákóꜜò]
Negative 開かない らかない [hìrákáꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 開かなかった らかなかった [hìrákáꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 開きます らきま [hìrákímáꜜsù]
Perfective 開いた いた [hìráꜜìtà]
Conjunctive 開いて いて [hìráꜜìtè]
Hypothetical conditional 開けば けば [hìráꜜkèbà]

Verb[edit]

(ひら) (hirakutransitive or intransitive godan (stem (ひら) (hiraki), past (ひら)いた (hiraita))

Japanese verb pair
active (ひら)
mediopassive (ひら)ける
  1. to open, lift, uncover, unpack
    (なに)(ひら)
    Nanika ga hiraku.
    [something] opens.
    (だれ)(なに)かを(ひら)
    Dareka ga nanika o hiraku.
    [someone] opens [something].
  2. to bloom
  3. to start, open (a store)
Conjugation[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN