彼女

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
か(の)
Grade: S
じょ
Grade: 1

Etymology[edit]

First appears in writing in the late Edo period as a compound of 彼の (kano, ano, onna) +‎ (onna, that) with the reading kano onna or ano onna, simply meaning “that woman”.[1] The kanojo reading arose by replacing the kun'yomi reading of onna for the second character with its on'yomi of jo. The first written appearance of the kanojo reading is in 1876, in the 改正画引小学読本 (Kaisei Gakubiki Shōgaku Dokuhon, “Revised Stroke-ordered Elementary-school Reader”).[2] The first clear use of this term as a pronoun is around 1888,[2] arising out of influence from Western works.[1][2][3] The kanojo reading became more common and replaced kano onna and ano onna during the Taishō period (1912-1926).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

彼女 (hiragana かのじょ, rōmaji kanojo, historical hiragana かのぢよ)

  1. she, her
     (かの) (じょ) (たい) (へん) (あたま)がいい。
    Kanojo wa taihen atama ga ii.
    She is very intelligent.
    • 2016 July 22, Wizards of the Coast, エムラクールの [Boon of Emrakul] (異界月):
      エムラクールの (しゅう) ()では、 (かの) (じょ) (そう) (ぞう) ()わせて (せい) (めい) (かた) ()える。
      Emurakūru no shūi de wa, kanojo no sōzō ni awasete seimei ga kata o kaeru.
      All around Emrakul, life re-formed in her image.

Noun[edit]

彼女 (hiragana かのじょ, katakana カノジョ, rōmaji kanojo, historical hiragana かのぢよ)

  1. a girlfriend (a female partner in a romantic relationship)
    あぁ、 (かの) (じょ)がほしいなぁ…
    Ā, kanojo ga hoshii nā…
    Man, I wish I had a girlfriend
  2. a boat or ship (influenced by Western customs of treating a ship as female)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0
  4. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3