彼女

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
か(の)
Grade: S
じょ
Grade: 1
yutōyomi
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 彼女 on Japanese Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

First appears in writing in the late Edo period as a compound of 彼の (kano, ano, that) +‎ (onna, woman) with the reading kano onna or ano onna, simply meaning “that woman”.[1] The kanojo reading arose by replacing the kun'yomi reading of onna for the second character with its on'yomi of jo. The first written appearance of the kanojo reading is in 1876, in the 改正画引小学読本 (Kaisei Gakubiki Shōgaku Dokuhon, “Revised Stroke-ordered Elementary-school Reader”).[2] The first clear use of this term as a pronoun is around 1888,[2] arising out of influence from Western works.[1][2][3] The kanojo reading became more common and replaced kano onna and ano onna during the Taishō period (1912-1926).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

彼女 (hiragana かのじょ, rōmaji kanojo, historical hiragana かのぢよ)

  1. she; her
     (かれ) () (かの) (じょ) () (じょう)
    Kareshi Kanojo no Jijō
    His and Her Circumstances
    • 1988 July 30, Fujiko F. Fujio, “ふたりぼっち [Altwo]”, in ポストの中の明日 [Post-Mid-Tomorrow] (藤子不二雄少年SF短編集; 2), volume 2 (fiction, in Japanese), 10th edition, Tokyo: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-140702-3 Invalid ISBN, page 191:
       (かの) (じょ)はぼくの『 () (ちゅう) (かい) (たく) ()』に (きょう) () (しめ)した」
      “Kanojo wa boku no ‘Uchū Kaitakushi’ ni kyōmi o shimeshita”
      “She showed interest in my ‘History of Cosmic Reclamation’”
    • 2004 February 6, “レオニンのシカール [Leonin Shikari]”, in ダークスティール [Darksteel] (in Japanese), Wizards of the Coast:
       (かの) (じょ) (ほん) (のう)は、その (やいば)ほども (するど)い。
      Kanojo no honnō wa, sono yaiba hodo mo surudoi.
      Her instinct is as sharp as that blade.
    • 2016 July 22, “エムラクールの [Boon of Emrakul]”, in 異界月 [Eldritch Moon] (in Japanese), Wizards of the Coast:
      エムラクールの (しゅう) ()では、 (かの) (じょ) (そう) (ぞう) ()わせて (せい) (めい) (かた) ()える。
      Emurakūru no shūi de wa, kanojo no sōzō ni awasete seimei ga kata o kaeru.
      All around Emrakul, life re-formed in her image.

Noun[edit]

彼女 (hiragana かのじょ, katakana カノジョ, rōmaji kanojo, historical hiragana かのぢよ, historical katakana カノヂヨ)

  1. a girlfriend (a female partner in a romantic relationship)
    あぁ、 (かの) (じょ)がほしいなぁ…
    Ā, kanojo ga hoshii nā…
    Man, I wish I had a girlfriend
    • 2004 September 8, Sorachi, Hideaki, “かんがえたらじんせいってオッさんになってからのほうながいじゃねーか! こわっ‼ [Come to Think of It, Life Gets Longer When You’re Old! Spooky‼]”, in ぎんたま [Silver Soul], volume 3 (fiction, in Japanese), Tokyo: Shueisha, ISBN 4-08-873653-2:
      いいだろお (まえ)  () (へい) (せん) ()こう (がわ) ()ってみたいんだ
      Ii daro omae chiheisen no mukōgawa e itte mitain da
      Fine, get me to the other side of the horizon then
      てめーは (かの) (じょ)かぁぁ‼
      Temē wa kanojo kāa‼
      You ain’t my damn girlfriend awright⁉
    • 2013 August 7, ONE; Murata, Yusuke, “きょだいいんせき [Giant Meteorite]”, in ONEPUNCH-MAN【ワンパンマン】 [ONE-PUNCH MAN], volume 4 (fiction, in Japanese), Tokyo: Shueisha, ISBN 978-4-08-870813-3, page 25:
       () (まえ) (かの) (じょ) ()しかったなあ…………
      Shinu mae ni kanojo hoshikatta nā…………
      I wish I had a girlfriend before I die…………
  2. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) a boat or ship (influenced by Western customs of treating a ship as female)

Usage notes[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0
  4. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3