死ぬ

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
kun’yomi

Etymology[edit]

+‎ 往ぬ

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

死ぬ (intransitive, godan conjugation, hiragana しぬ, rōmaji shinu)

  1. to die
     ()にたいほど (くる)しい
    shinitai hodo kurushii
    so excruciating one wishes to die
    大事 (だいじ) (ひと) ()なれる
    daiji na hito ni shinareru
    to have someone important die on you; to lose someone important
  2. to become lifeless, to lack vitality, to show a lack of vigor
     () ()んだような (ひと)
    me ga shinda yō na hito
    a person with dead eyes

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Trivia[edit]

  • 死ぬ is the only modern Japanese verb which ends in (an older example is 去ぬ (inu, to go, to leave), which is now archaic). Accordingly, it is often used in textbooks to illustrate conjugation of 〜ぬ verbs.