Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

Stroke order
死-bw.png

(radical 78 +2, 6 strokes, cangjie input (MNP), four-corner 10212, composition or ⿱匕)

  1. die
  2. dead
  3. death

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 578, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16365
  • Dae Jaweon: page 970, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1380, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+6B7B

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping sei2, Yale sei2)


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. death
  2. to die

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Appears to be a conflation of Middle Chinese (sijX) (compare modern Mandarin ()) with an Old Japanese root that happened to have a similar pronunciation to the Middle Chinese and was probably cognate with 去る (saru, to go, to go away).

In kanji compounds, this would be considered as on'yomi; on its own, this could be considered as either on'yomi or kun'yomi.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji shi)

  1. death
Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

死 + する (hiragana する, romaji shi suru)

  1. to die
    Considered somewhat more archaic or formal than 死ぬ (​shinu).
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem form) of verb 死ぬ (shinu, to die).[1][4]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しに, romaji shini)

  1. death, dying
Derived terms[edit]

Prefix[edit]

(hiragana しに, romaji shini)

  1. bloody, stupid, goddamn
    Used as a negative or pejorative intensifier.
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0
  4. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sa) (hangeul [[]], revised sa, McCune-Reischauer sa, Yale sa)

  1. die
  2. death

Mandarin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin (si3), Wade-Giles ssu3)

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tử, long)

Compounds[edit]