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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
絕-oracle.svg 絕-bronze.svg 絕-silk.svg 絕-bigseal.svg 絕-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(silk) + semantic  ‎(knife) + phonetic  — to cut silk threads.

In the simplified form (and the traditional variant ), the right-side components are merged into ; however, as a standalone character, 色 is of uncertain origin — it is unknown whether it is relevant to 絕.

Han character[edit]

(radical 120 +6, 12 strokes, cangjie input 女火尸竹山 (VFSHU), four-corner 27917, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 922, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27407
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1355, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3396, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7D55

Chinese[edit]

trad. /
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕyɛ³⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕyɛ²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕye⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡ɕyə⁴²/
Qingdao /t͡syə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡syɛ⁴²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕyɛ²⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕyu²⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕye¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕyə⁵³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕyɤ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡ɕie²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕye³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕie²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕiɛ³¹/
Nanjing /t͡syeʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕyɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕyəʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /t͡ɕyʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕyaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ʑiɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /ziəʔ³/
Hangzhou /d͡ʑiəʔ²/
Wenzhou /jy²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕyeʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕyɛ⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sie²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡sie²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰyɵʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰiet̚⁵/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰiet̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡syt̚²/
Nanning /t͡syt̚²²/
Hong Kong /t͡syt̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡suat̚⁵/
/t͡seʔ⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡suoʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡syɛ⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡soʔ⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tuak̚³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (15)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ziuᴇt̚/ /d͡zʱi̯wɛt̚/ /d͡ziuɛt̚/ /d͡zʷiɛt̚/ /d͡zwiat̚/ /d͡zĭuɛt̚/ /d͡zjuæt̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jué ‹ dzjwet › /*[dz]ot/ cut off

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7252 3 /*zod/

Verb[edit]

  1. to cut; to sever
  2. to break off
  3. to terminate

Adjective[edit]

  1. (slang) cool; awesome
    /   ―  tài jué le  ―  way cool; awesome

References[edit]

  • Li, Shujuan (2008) Popular Chinese Expressions (流行汉语) (in English/Mandarin), 2nd edition, Beijing: Sinolingua, ISBN 978-7-80200-388-0

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

This character has never been used in modern Japanese. The current form is .


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jeol) (hangeul , revised jeol, McCune-Reischauer chŏl, Yale cel)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tuyệt)

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