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See also: and
U+5047, 假
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5047

[U+5046]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5048]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
11 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 9, +9, 11 strokes, cangjie input 人口卜水 (ORYE), four-corner 27247, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 110, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 835
  • Dae Jaweon: page 233, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 196, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5047

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
假-seal.svg 假-bigseal.svg



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kraː
*kraː
*kraː, *kraːʔ
*kraː
*kraː
*kraː
*kraː
*kraːʔ, *kraːs
*kraːʔ
*kraːʔ
*kraːʔ
*kraːʔ
*qʰraː, *ɡraː
*qʰraː, *qʰraːs
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraːs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kraːʔ, *kraːs): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *kraːʔ).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • ké/kée - vernacular;
  • ká - literary.
Note:
  • gê2 - vernacular;
  • gia2 - literary.
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 2ka - vernacular;
    • 2jia - literary.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (98)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠaX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kᵚaX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kaX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kaɨX/
    Li
    Rong
    /kaX/
    Wang
    Li
    /kaX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kaX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiǎ
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jiǎ jiǎ
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ X › ‹ X ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*Cə.kˁraʔ/ /*kˁraʔ/
    English borrow; false great

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 5955
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kraːʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. fake; not real; artificial
      /   ―  jiǎhuò  ―  counterfeit goods
    2. falsehood; deception
    3. to fake; to pretend
    4. to lend; to borrow; to loan
    5. if; assuming

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]


    Note:
    • Xiamen, Quanzhou, Taiwan:
      • kè - vernacular;
      • kà - literary.
  • (Teochew)
  • Note:
    • gê3 - vernacular;
    • gian2 - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location 假 (放)
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕia⁵¹/
    Harbin /t͡ɕia⁵³/
    Tianjin /t͡ɕiɑ⁵³/
    Jinan /t͡ɕia²¹/
    Qingdao /t͡ɕia⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /t͡ɕia³¹²/
    Xi'an /t͡ɕia⁴⁴/
    Xining /t͡ɕia²¹³/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕia¹³/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕia¹³/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕia²¹³/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕia⁴²/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕia⁵³/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕia²¹³/
    Kunming /t͡ɕia̠²¹²/
    Nanjing /t͡ɕiɑ⁴⁴/
    Hefei /t͡ɕia²⁴/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕia⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /t͡ɕiɑ³⁵/
    Hohhot /t͡ɕia⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /ka³⁵/
    Suzhou /t͡ɕiɑ⁵¹³/
    /kɑ⁵¹³/
    Hangzhou /t͡ɕiɑ⁴⁴⁵/
    Wenzhou /ko⁴²/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕia³⁵/
    Tunxi /kɔ³¹/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕia⁴¹/
    Xiangtan /t͡ɕiɒ⁴²/
    Gan Nanchang /kɑ²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /ka³¹/
    Taoyuan /kɑ³¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /ka³³/
    Nanning /kʰa³³/
    Hong Kong /ka³³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ka²¹/
    /ke²¹/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kɑ²¹²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ka²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kia⁵³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /kɛ³⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (98)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠaH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kᵚaH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kaH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kaɨH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kaH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kaH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kaH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jià
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 5961
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kraːs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. vacation
        ―  bìngjià  ―  sick leave
        ―  jià  ―  holiday

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. temporary
    2. interim
    3. assumed (name)
    4. informal

    Readings[edit]

    • On (unclassified): (ka), (ke)
    • Kun: かり (kari)

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ga, ha)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): , (revised: ga, ha, McCune–Reischauer: ka, ha)
      • Name (hangeul): 거짓
    1. False

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (giả, giá, hạ)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.