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U+971E, 霞
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-971E

[U+971D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+971F]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 173, +9, 17 strokes, cangjie input 一月口尸水 (MBRSE), four-corner 10247, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1376, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42365
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1885, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4071, character 16
  • Unihan data for U+971E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms second round simplified

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
霞-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡraː): semantic (rain) + phonetic (OC *kraːʔ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hâ - literary;
  • hê - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (98)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠa/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦᵚa/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣa/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦaɨ/
Li
Rong
/ɣa/
Wang
Li
/ɣa/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣa/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiá
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5965
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡraː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. the light and clouds at sunrise and sunset; mist; rosy clouds
  2. colorful
  3. Alternative form of (xiá).
  4. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. mist, haze
  2. foreglow or afterglow

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Kanji in this term
かすみ
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi
  • (dimness of sight):

Etymology[edit]

⟨kasumi1/kasumʲi//kasumi/

From Old Japanese.

Nominalization of the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 霞む (kasumu, to be hazy).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(かすみ) (kasumi

  1. mist, haze
  2. (by extension) dimness of sight
  3. a foreglow or afterglow
  4. (colloquial) an alcoholic beverage
    Synonym: (sake)
  5. steam that comes out from heating sake or vinegar
  6. a cloud-shaped figure used to display a scene transition
  7. Short for 霞網 (kasumiami): a fowling net
  8. Short for 霞割り (kasumiwari): This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The "mist" sense is never used in a meteorological sense, where it is referred to as (moya).
  • Around the Heian period, spring mists were referred to as kasumi while in autumn they were called (kiri, literally fog); there was no distinction in both seasons in literature before that era as they were used interchangeably.

Derived terms[edit]

Idioms[edit]

See also[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(かすみ) (Kasumi

  1. Short for 霞が関 (Kasumigaseki): a district in Chiyoda Ward, Tokyo
  2. a female given name
  3. a surname

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ Takeuchi, Rizō (1962) Nara Ibun: Volume 3 (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Tōkyōdō Shuppan, →ISBN.

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC ɦˠa). Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: ha) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 노을 (no-eul ha))

  1. Hanja form? of (the light and clouds at sunrise and sunset; mist; rosy clouds).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

()

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.