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U+6687, 暇
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6687

[U+6686]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6688]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 72 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 日口尸水 (ARSE), four-corner 67047, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 497, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14036
  • Dae Jaweon: page 865, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1527, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+6687

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
暇-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kraː
*kraː
*kraː, *kraːʔ
*kraː
*kraː
*kraː
*kraː
*kraːʔ, *kraːs
*kraːʔ
*kraːʔ
*kraːʔ
*kraːʔ
*qʰraː, *ɡraː
*qʰraː, *qʰraːs
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraːs

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Any relation to 假 ("vacation")?”

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hâ/hā/hēe - literary;
  • hě/hē/hê - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (98)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠaH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦᵚaH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣaH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦaɨH/
Li
Rong
/ɣaH/
Wang
Li
/ɣaH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣaH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xià
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xià
Middle
Chinese
‹ H ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˤra-s/
English leisure

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5975
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡraːs/

Noun[edit]

  1. leisure, relaxation, spare time

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. spare time
  2. rest
  3. leisure
  4. time
  5. leave of absence

Readings[edit]

Adjectival noun[edit]

(-na inflection, hiragana ひま, romaji hima)

  1. free
  2. leisure
  3. idle
  4. vacant

Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ひま, romaji hima)

  1. time, free time
  2. leisure

(hiragana いとま, romaji itoma)

  1. leisure
  2. paid vacation
  3. divorce
  4. loss of one's job
  5. farewell

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ga) (hangeul , revised ga, McCune-Reischauer ka, Yale ka)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hạ, hả, )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.