Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
U+6687, 暇
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6687

[U+6686]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6688]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 72, +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 日口尸水 (ARSE), four-corner 67047, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 497, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14036
  • Dae Jaweon: page 865, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1527, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+6687

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
暇-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kraː
*kraː
*kraː, *kraːʔ
*kraː
*kraː
*kraː
*kraː
*kraːʔ, *kraːs
*kraːʔ
*kraːʔ
*kraːʔ
*kraːʔ
*qʰraː, *ɡraː
*qʰraː, *qʰraːs
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraːs

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “Any relation to 假 ("vacation")?”)

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hâ/hā/hēe - literary;
  • hě/hē/hê - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (98)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠaH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦᵚaH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣaH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦaɨH/
Li
Rong
/ɣaH/
Wang
Li
/ɣaH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣaH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xià
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xià
Middle
Chinese
‹ H ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˁra-s/
English leisure

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5975
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡraːs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. leisure, relaxation, spare time

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. spare time
  2. rest
  3. leisure
  4. time
  5. leave of absence

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひま
Grade: S
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjectival noun[edit]

(-na inflection, hiragana ひま, rōmaji hima)

  1. free; leisure; idle; vacant
Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ひま, rōmaji hima)

  1. time, free time
  2. leisure
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
いとま
Grade: S
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana いとま, rōmaji itoma)

  1. leisure
  2. paid vacation
  3. divorce
  4. loss of one's job
  5. farewell

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ga) (hangeul , revised ga, McCune–Reischauer ka, Yale ka)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hạ, hả, )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.