Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 72 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 日口尸水 (ARSE), four-corner 67047, composition)

  1. leisure, relaxation, spare time

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 497, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14036
  • Dae Jaweon: page 865, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1527, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+6687

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (暇), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 麻
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 胡駕切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɣaH/ /ɣaH/ /ɣaH/ /ɦɯaH/ /ɦaɨH/ /ɣaH/ /ɣaH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xià ‹ H › /*[ɡ]ˤra-s/ leisure

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5975 0 /*ɡraːs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. spare time
  2. rest
  3. leisure
  4. time
  5. leave of absence

Readings[edit]

Adjectival noun[edit]

‎(-na inflection, hiragana ひま, romaji hima)

  1. free
  2. leisure
  3. idle
  4. vacant

Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ひま, romaji hima)

  1. time, free time
  2. leisure

‎(hiragana いとま, romaji itoma)

  1. leisure
  2. paid vacation
  3. divorce
  4. loss of one's job
  5. farewell

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ga) (hangeul , revised ga, McCune-Reischauer ka, Yale ka)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hạ, hả, )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.