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See also:
U+6688, 暈
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6688

[U+6687]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6689]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 72, +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 日月十十 (ABJJ) or X日月十十 (XABJJ), four-corner 60506, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 497, character 37
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14037
  • Dae Jaweon: page 865, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1527, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6688

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Small seal script
暈-oracle.svg 暈-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɢuns): semantic  (Sun) + phonetic  (OC *kun).

Etymology[edit]

Same word as (OC *ɢuns, “to revolve; to move”) (Schuessler, 2007). See there for more.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • ūn - literary;
  • hūn, n̄g - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (35)
Final () (59)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨunH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦiunH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuənH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦunH/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuənH/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭuənH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯uənH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yùn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7342
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢuns/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. (astronomy) halo (around the Sun or the Moon)
  2. a ring of light or colour, or a blurred area surrounding a luminous or coloured object; halo around a light or colour
  3. blush; slight redness
  4. ring-shaped pattern
  5. bull's eye
  6. to spread; to proliferate; to seep through
  7. to apply (colour, especially makeup)

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (35)
Final () (59)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨunH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦiunH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuənH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦunH/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuənH/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭuənH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯uənH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yùn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7342
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢuns/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to make one feel dizzy; to feel the head spinning; to have vertigo

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 3[edit]


Note:
  • ūn - literary;
  • hūn, n̄g - vernacular.
  • Xiang
  • Definitions[edit]

    1. dizzy; giddy; lightheaded
    2. to faint; to pass out; to black out; to swoon
      分鐘 / 分钟 [Cantonese]  ―  wan4 zo2 gei2 fan1 zung1 [Jyutping]  ―  fainted for several minutes
    3. (neologism, slang) to be overwhelmed (by something) and on the verge of passing out
      /   ―  yūn!  ―  Oh my! [lit. I('m about to) faint.]
    4. (Sichuan) to savour; to enjoy slowly and thoroughly

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. blur, haze
    2. mental haze or senility
    3. intentional blurring or gradation

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    かさ
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (かさ) (kasa)

    1. halo (atmospheric phenomenon)

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    うん
    Hyōgaiji
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC ɦɨunH).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (うん) (un)

    1. halo (atmospheric phenomenon)

    Affix[edit]

    (うん) (un)

    1. halo (atmospheric phenomenon)
    2. dizzy; giddy

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 1960, Tetsuo Hirayama (平山輝男, editor), 全国アクセント辞典 (Zenkoku Akusento Jiten, Nationwide Accent Dictionary), (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Tōkyōdō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (hun, un) (hangeul , , revised hun, un, McCune–Reischauer hun, un, Yale hwun, wun)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: vựng[1][2][3], vận ((vương)(vấn)(thiết))[4], quầng[4]
    : Nôm readings: vầng[1][2][3][5][4][6][7], vừng[1][2][3][4][6][7], quầng[3][5][4][6][7], vựng[1][4][5]

    1. Nôm form of vầng, vừng (ring; circle).
    2. Nôm form of quầng (halo in the sky).

    References[edit]