うん

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of うん – see the following entries.
2
[affix] cloud
[affix] (figuratively) high, tall, far-off, or distant
[affix] (historical) Short for 出雲 (Izumo-no-kuni): Izumo Province
[noun] (rare) a mochi rice cake
[proper noun] a female given name
[proper noun] a surname​.
3
[noun] luck, fortune
[affix] move
[affix] carry; transport
[affix] put to work; operate
[affix] luck; fate
J
[affix] say
H
[noun] halo (atmospheric phenomenon)
[affix] halo (atmospheric phenomenon)
[affix] dizzy; giddy
H
[affix] pile up; gather; accumulate
[affix] depths; bottom; interior
[affix] (Buddhism) skandha (aggregate)
[noun] abundance, plentifulness
[noun] (Buddhism) a skandha (aggregate)
H
[noun] (Buddhism) the Sanskrit syllable hūṃ
(This term, うん, is an alternative spelling of the above Sino-Japanese terms.
For a list of all kanji read as うん, not just those used in Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji read as うん.)

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [m˦˨]
    • Usually pronounced with the mouth closed.

Interjection[edit]

うん (un

  1. (informal) yeah, uh-huh, mhm (an interjection expressing agreement)
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Onomatopoeia of the grunting noise made when straining oneself in effort.[2]

The prefix usage appears in the Kanto region during the Edo period.[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

うん (un

  1. strainingly, with a grunt
  2. sufferingly, groaningly
Usage notes[edit]

Takes the adverbial particle (to)

Prefix[edit]

うん (un-

  1. (archaic) added to various verbs to indicate forceful or excessive action
    うん()
    unnomu
    to drink with gusto

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan