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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
云-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Small seal script
云-oracle.svg 云-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形), originally a stylized picture of clouds. The character was subsequently borrowed for a homophone meaning "say" and the original meaning came to be represented by through the addition of a semantic ("rain") component.

The simplified form adopted by the People's Republic of China in the 1950s eliminates this later addition and uses 云 for both "say" and "cloud".

Han character[edit]

(radical 7 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 一一戈 (MMI), four-corner 10731, composition)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 86, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 254
  • Dae Jaweon: page 178, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 384, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+4E91

Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see ("clouds").
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (35)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɨun/ /i̯uən/ /ɣiuən/ /ɦiun/ /ɦun/ /ɣĭuən/ /ɣiuən/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yún ‹ hjun › /*[ɢ]ʷə[r]/ say

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16363 2 /*ɢun/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (classical) to say; to speak (used when quoting from a source)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(un) (hangeul , revised un, McCune-Reischauer un)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]