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See also:
U+4E91, 云
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E91

[U+4E90]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E92]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
云-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 7, +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 一一戈 (MMI), four-corner 10731, composition or ⿱𠫔)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 86, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 254
  • Dae Jaweon: page 178, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 384, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+4E91

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Small seal script
云-oracle.svg 云-seal.svg


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Pictogram (象形): a stylized picture of clouds. The derivative refers to the original word.

Jiajie (假借) - The character was subsequently borrowed for a near-homophone meaning "to say", and the original meaning came to be represented by (OC *ɢun), through the addition of a semantic component (“rain”).

The simplified form adopted by the People's Republic of China in the 1950s eliminates this later addition and uses for both "to say" and "cloud".

Etymology 1[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“cloud; cloud; etc.”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.
Wikipedia has an article on:

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (35)
Final () (59)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨun/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦiun/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦun/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuən/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭuən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯uən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yún
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yún
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjun ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷə[r]/
English say

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16363
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢun/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (literary) to say; to speak (used when quoting from a source)
  2. A particle.
  3. A surname​.
Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. say

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
うん
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC ɦɨun).

Pronunciation[edit]

Affix[edit]

(うん) (un

  1. say

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eum (un))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Việt readings: vân ((vu)(phân)(thiết))[1][2][3][4]
: Nôm readings: vân[1][2][5]

  1. Hán tự form of vân (to say; to speak).

References[edit]