Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
U+8A00, 言
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8A00
觿
[U+89FF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8A01]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
言-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (yán) (when used as a left Chinese radical)

Han character[edit]

(radical 149 +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 卜一一口 (YMMR), four-corner 00601)

  1. Kangxi radical #149, (speech).

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1146, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35205
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1612, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3936, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8A00

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
言-oracle.svg 言-bronze.svg 言-bigseal.svg 言-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋrans
*ŋrans
*ŋan
*ŋan
*ŋrɯn
*ŋrɯn
*ŋrɯn
*ŋrɯn, *ŋɯn

Pictogram (象形): Pictograph of words emerging from a mouth ( (OC *kʰoːʔ)) or a man ( (OC *siŋ)) speaking with his mouth ( (OC *kʰoːʔ))

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /iɛn³⁵/
Harbin /ian²⁴/
Tianjin /ian⁴⁵/
Jinan /iã⁴²/
Qingdao /iã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ian⁴²/
Xi'an /iã²⁴/
Xining /iã²⁴/
Yinchuan /ian⁵³/
Lanzhou /iɛ̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ian⁵¹/
Wuhan /iɛn²¹³/
Chengdu /ian³¹/
Guiyang /ian²¹/
Kunming /iɛ̃³¹/
Nanjing /ien²⁴/
Hefei /iĩ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ie¹¹/
Pingyao /ȵie̞¹³/
Hohhot /ie³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦi²³/
Suzhou /ɦiɪ¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦiẽ̞²¹³/
Wenzhou /ȵi³¹/
Hui Shexian /ne⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ȵiɛ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /iẽ¹³/
Xiangtan /ȵiẽ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /ȵiɛn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /ŋian¹¹/
Taoyuan /ŋien¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jin²¹/
Nanning /jin²¹/
Hong Kong /jin²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /gian³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋyoŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋyiŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ŋaŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ŋin³¹/
/ŋin²¹³/
/kɔŋ²¹³/ 訓講

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (65)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɨɐn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋiɐn/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiɐn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋɨan/
Li
Rong
/ŋiɐn/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭɐn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋɨ̯ɐn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yán yán yán yán
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngjon › ‹ ngjon › ‹ ngjon › ‹ ngjon ›
Old
Chinese
/*ŋa[n]/ /*ŋa[n]/ /*ŋa[n]/ /*ŋa[r]/
English (a particle) I, we speak; speech tall

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14271
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋan/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (literary) speech, words
  2. message
  3. to say, to speak, to talk
  4. A surname​.
Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • in CEDICT on MDBG

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. to say
  2. speech

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
げん
Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (ngjon, speech).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana げん, romaji gen)

  1. word
  2. (linguistics) parole
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
こと
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Cognate with (koto, thing).[3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana こと, romaji koto)

  1. word

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(eon, eun) (hangeul , , revised eon, eun, McCune-Reischauer ŏn, ŭn, Yale en, un)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ngôn, ngỏn, ngộn, ngổn, ngồn, ngủn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.