plan

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: PLAN, Plan, plán, plån, pláň, and -plan

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French plan (a ground-plot of a building), from plan (flat), a later form of the vernacular plain, from Latin planus (flat, plane); see plain, plane.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /plæn/, [pʰl̥æn]
  • (US regional) IPA(key): [plɛən]
    • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æn

Noun[edit]

plan (plural plans)

  1. A drawing showing technical details of a building, machine, etc., with unwanted details omitted, and often using symbols rather than detailed drawing to represent doors, valves, etc.
    The plans for many important buildings were once publicly available.
  2. A set of intended actions, usually mutually related, through which one expects to achieve a goal.
    He didn't really have a plan; he had a goal and a habit of control.
    • 1980, John Lennon (lyrics and music), “Beautiful Boy (Darling Boy)”, in Double Fantasy:
      Life is what happens to you / While you're busy making other plans
  3. A two-dimensional drawing of a building as seen from above with obscuring or irrelevant details such as roof removed, or of a floor of a building, revealing the internal layout; as distinct from the elevation.
    Synonym: floor plan
    Seen in plan, the building had numerous passageways not apparent to visitors.
  4. A method; a way of procedure; a custom.
  5. A subscription to a service.
    a phone plan
    an Internet plan

Usage notes[edit]

  • A plan ("set of intended actions") can be developed, executed, implemented, ignored, abandoned, scrapped, changed, etc.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

2-dimensional drawing of a building

Descendants[edit]

  • Japanese: プラン (puran)

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb[edit]

plan (third-person singular simple present plans, present participle planning, simple past and past participle planned)

  1. (transitive) To design (a building, machine, etc.).
    The architect planned the building for the client.
  2. (transitive) To create a plan for.
    They jointly planned the project in phases, with good detail for the first month.
  3. (intransitive) To intend.
    • 2013 August 10, “Can China clean up fast enough?”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8848:
      It has jailed environmental activists and is planning to limit the power of judicial oversight by handing a state-approved body a monopoly over bringing environmental lawsuits.
    He planned to go, but work intervened.
  4. (intransitive) To make a plan.
    They planned for the worst, bringing lots of emergency supplies.

Usage notes[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Further reading[edit]


Azerbaijani[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

plan (definite accusative planı, plural planlar)

  1. plan (set of intended actions), scheme
    Amma o ümidini itirmirdi, çünki artıq yeni möhtəşəm plan cızmışdı.
    But s/he didn't lose hope, because s/he had already come up with a new magnificent plan.
    beş illik planını üç il yarıma yerinə yetirməkto complete a five year plan in three and a half years
    bütün planlar pozulduall plans were ruined
  2. draft, plan, scheme, contrivance, road map
  3. layout
    arxa planbackground
    ön planforeground
    bu gündəm arxa plana keçdithis agenda faded into the background

Declension[edit]

    Declension of plan
singular plural
nominative plan
planlar
definite accusative planı
planları
dative plana
planlara
locative planda
planlarda
ablative plandan
planlardan
definite genitive planın
planların
    Possessive forms of plan
nominative
singular plural
mənim (my) planım planlarım
sənin (your) planın planların
onun (his/her/its) planı planları
bizim (our) planımız planlarımız
sizin (your) planınız planlarınız
onların (their) planı or planları planları
accusative
singular plural
mənim (my) planımı planlarımı
sənin (your) planını planlarını
onun (his/her/its) planını planlarını
bizim (our) planımızı planlarımızı
sizin (your) planınızı planlarınızı
onların (their) planını or planlarını planlarını
dative
singular plural
mənim (my) planıma planlarıma
sənin (your) planına planlarına
onun (his/her/its) planına planlarına
bizim (our) planımıza planlarımıza
sizin (your) planınıza planlarınıza
onların (their) planına or planlarına planlarına
locative
singular plural
mənim (my) planımda planlarımda
sənin (your) planında planlarında
onun (his/her/its) planında planlarında
bizim (our) planımızda planlarımızda
sizin (your) planınızda planlarınızda
onların (their) planında or planlarında planlarında
ablative
singular plural
mənim (my) planımdan planlarımdan
sənin (your) planından planlarından
onun (his/her/its) planından planlarından
bizim (our) planımızdan planlarımızdan
sizin (your) planınızdan planlarınızdan
onların (their) planından or planlarından planlarından
genitive
singular plural
mənim (my) planımın planlarımın
sənin (your) planının planlarının
onun (his/her/its) planının planlarının
bizim (our) planımızın planlarımızın
sizin (your) planınızın planlarınızın
onların (their) planının or planlarının planlarının

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • plan” in Obastan.com.

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from French plan, from Middle French plant.

Noun[edit]

plan n (plural plannen, diminutive plannetje n)

  1. A set of intended actions, through which one expects to achieve a goal.
  2. A technical drawing.
  3. A detailed map of a relatively small area, such as a building or settlement.
    Synonym: plattegrond
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Negerhollands: plan
  • Caribbean Javanese: plan
  • Indonesian: plan

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

plan

  1. first-person singular present indicative of plannen
  2. imperative of plannen

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From earlier plant, derived from the verb planter or from Latin planus. Doublet of plant.

Noun[edit]

plan m (plural plans)

  1. plan
  2. map (schematic maps of streets, subways, etc.)
  3. plane (both flat surface and mathematical plane)
  4. (film) shot
  5. (slang, dated) a small case inserted in the rectum in order to hide one's valuables from a full-body search
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Latin plānus. Doublet of plain, which was inherited, and piano.

Adjective[edit]

plan (feminine plane, masculine plural plans, feminine plural planes)

  1. planar
Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Friulian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin plānus.

Adjective[edit]

plan

  1. flat, level, plane

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

plan m (plural plans)

  1. plane
  2. plan

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin plānus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

plan (strong nominative masculine singular planer, comparative planer, superlative am plansten)

  1. (technical) planar, flat
  2. (archaic) plain, forthright
    • 1887, Gradenwitz, Otto, Die Ungültigkeit obligatorischer Rechtsgeschäfte, Berlin: Weidmannsche Buchhandlung, page 108:
      [Zur Auslegung von Dig. 16, 1, 8, 2] Ferner muss man wohl sagen, dass eine so plane Wahrheit, wie die, dass im Falle des Betruges keine Intercession vorliege, nicht erst von Marcellus entdeckt worden sein kann, und dass daher nicht erst Marcellus in seinen Noten den Julianus dahin zu corrigiren brauchte; dass die Betrügerin nicht intercedirt hat, das wusste auch Julianus!
      [Regarding the interpretation of Dig. 16, 1, 8, 2] One must say furthermore fittingly that such a plain truth like that in the case of fraud there is no intercession cannot have been discovered only by Marcellus, and that hence Marcellus did not have to correct Julianus in his notes; that the fraudstress has not interceded, this was already known to Julianus!

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • plan” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • plan” in Duden online

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch plan, from French plan (a ground-plot of a building), from plan (flat), a later form of the vernacular plain, from Latin planus (flat, plane). Doublet of pelan.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /plan/, [ˈplan], [pə̆ˈlan]
  • Hyphenation: plan

Noun[edit]

plan

  1. plan, a set of intended actions, usually mutually related, through which one expects to achieve a goal.
    Synonym: rencana

Alternative forms[edit]

  • pelan (Brunei, Malaysia, Singapore)

Further reading[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German Plan (project, plan), from French plan (plan, map; plane), from Latin plānus (level, flat, even), from plānus (flat, even, level), from Proto-Italic *plānos, from Proto-Indo-European *pleh₂-no-s (flattened), from *pleh₂- (flat).

Noun[edit]

plan m (definite singular planen, indefinite plural planer, definite plural planene)

  1. a plan
  2. a level or plane

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From German Plan, from Latin plānum.

Noun[edit]

plan n (definite singular planet, indefinite plural plan, definite plural plana)

  1. plane
  2. level
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

plan m (definite singular planen, indefinite plural planar, definite plural planane)

  1. a plan
    Kva er planen din?What's your plan?
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Latin planus.

Adjective[edit]

plan (masculine and feminine plan, neuter plant, definite singular and plural plane, comparative planare, indefinite superlative planast, definite superlative planaste)

  1. plane, flat

References[edit]


Occitan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

plan m (plural plans)

  1. plan (a drawing showing technical details of a building)
  2. plan (a set of intended actions)

Adjective[edit]

plan m (feminine singular plana, masculine plural plans, feminine plural planas)

  1. flat
    Synonym: planièr

Adverb[edit]

plan

  1. well
    Antonym: mal
  2. very, quite
    Synonym: fòrça
    mercés planthank you very much

Further reading[edit]

  • Joan de Cantalausa (2006) Diccionari general occitan a partir dels parlars lengadocians, 2 edition, →ISBN, page 754.

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German Plan, from French plan.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

plan m inan

  1. plan
    Pani Magdalena, zgodnie z planem swojej intrygi, zaaranżowała spotkanie, na którym jej córka sfilmowała dyrektora instytutu wpatrującego się w kuszące piersi matki.
    Ms. Magdalena, according to the plan of her intrigue, arranged a meeting at which her daughter filmed the director of the institute staring at the mother's tempting breasts.
  2. set (scenery for a film or play)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

adjectives
adverb
noun

Further reading[edit]

  • plan in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • plan in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French plan, from Latin planus.

Noun[edit]

plan n (plural planuri)

  1. plan
  2. (geometry) plane

Declension[edit]

Adjective[edit]

plan m or n (feminine singular plană, masculine plural plani, feminine and neuter plural plane)

  1. planar, flat

Declension[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German Plan.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

plȃn m (Cyrillic spelling пла̑н)

  1. plan

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From plano.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

plan m (plural planes)

  1. plan
  2. scheme (systematic plan of future action)
    Synonyms: régimen, sistema
  3. intention
  4. (colloquial) mood
    Vamos en plan rómantico.We’re going in a romantic mood.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

plan (comparative planare, superlative planast)

  1. flat; horizontal (of a surface)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of plan
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular plan planare planast
Neuter singular plant planare planast
Plural plana planare planast
Masculine plural3 plane planare planast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 plane planare planaste
All plana planare planaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.
3) Dated or archaic

Noun[edit]

plan n

  1. (mathematics) a plane; flat surface.
  2. a plane; level of existence
    astralplanastral plane
  3. an airplane / aeroplane
    Synonym: flygplan
  4. a plaza

Declension[edit]

Declension of plan 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative plan planet plan planen
Genitive plans planets plans planens

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

plan c

  1. a drawing showing how to construct a building, machine, etc.
  2. a set of intended actions, through which one expects to achieve a goal.

Declension[edit]

Declension of plan 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative plan planen planer planerna
Genitive plans planens planers planernas

Derived terms[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish پلان(plân), from French plan.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

plan (definite accusative planı, plural planlar)

  1. plan

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative plan
Definite accusative planı
Singular Plural
Nominative plan planlar
Definite accusative planı planları
Dative plana planlara
Locative planda planlarda
Ablative plandan planlardan
Genitive planın planların
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular planım planlarım
2nd singular planın planların
3rd singular planı planları
1st plural planımız planlarımız
2nd plural planınız planlarınız
3rd plural planları planları
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular planımı planlarımı
2nd singular planını planlarını
3rd singular planını planlarını
1st plural planımızı planlarımızı
2nd plural planınızı planlarınızı
3rd plural planlarını planlarını
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular planıma planlarıma
2nd singular planına planlarına
3rd singular planına planlarına
1st plural planımıza planlarımıza
2nd plural planınıza planlarınıza
3rd plural planlarına planlarına
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular planımda planlarımda
2nd singular planında planlarında
3rd singular planında planlarında
1st plural planımızda planlarımızda
2nd plural planınızda planlarınızda
3rd plural planlarında planlarında
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular planımdan planlarımdan
2nd singular planından planlarından
3rd singular planından planlarından
1st plural planımızdan planlarımızdan
2nd plural planınızdan planlarınızdan
3rd plural planlarından planlarından
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular planımın planlarımın
2nd singular planının planlarının
3rd singular planının planlarının
1st plural planımızın planlarımızın
2nd plural planınızın planlarınızın
3rd plural planlarının planlarının

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Nişanyan, Sevan (2002–), “plan”, in Nişanyan Sözlük
  • Avery, Robert et al., editors (2013) The Redhouse Dictionary Turkish/Ottoman English, 21st edition, Istanbul: Sev Yayıncılık, →ISBN

Volapük[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

plan (nominative plural plans)

  1. plant (botany)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]