plan

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: PLAN, Plan, plán, plån, and pláň

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French plan (a ground-plot of a building), from plan (flat), a later form of the vernacular plain, from Latin planus (flat, plane); see plain, plane.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /plæn/, [pʰl̥æn]
  • (US regional) IPA(key): [plɛən]
    • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æn

Noun[edit]

plan (plural plans)

  1. A drawing showing technical details of a building, machine, etc., with unwanted details omitted, and often using symbols rather than detailed drawing to represent doors, valves, etc.
    The plans for many important buildings were once publicly available.
  2. A set of intended actions, usually mutually related, through which one expects to achieve a goal.
    He didn't really have a plan; he had a goal and a habit of control.
  3. A two-dimensional drawing of a building as seen from above with obscuring or irrelevant details such as roof removed, or of a floor of a building, revealing the internal layout; as distinct from the elevation.
    Seen in plan, the building had numerous passageways not apparent to visitors.
    Synonym: floor plan
  4. A method; a way of procedure; a custom.
    • (Can we date this quote by Wordsworth and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      The simple plan, / That they should take who have the power, / And they should keep who can.
  5. A subscription to a service.
    a phone plan
    an Internet plan

Usage notes[edit]

  • A plan ("set of intended actions") can be developed, executed, implemented, ignored, abandoned, scrapped, changed, etc.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

2-dimensional drawing of a building

Descendants[edit]

  • Japanese: プラン (puran)

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Verb[edit]

plan (third-person singular simple present plans, present participle planning, simple past and past participle planned)

  1. (transitive) To design (a building, machine, etc.).
    The architect planned the building for the client.
  2. (transitive) To create a plan for.
    They jointly planned the project in phases, with good detail for the first month.
  3. (intransitive) To intend.
    • 2013 August 10, “Can China clean up fast enough?”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8848:
      It has jailed environmental activists and is planning to limit the power of judicial oversight by handing a state-approved body a monopoly over bringing environmental lawsuits.
    He planned to go, but work intervened.
  4. (intransitive) To make a plan.
    They planned for the worst, bringing lots of emergency supplies.

Usage notes[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Further reading[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

plan n (plural plannen, diminutive plannetje n)

  1. A set of intended actions, through which one expects to achieve a goal.
  2. A technical drawing.
  3. A detailed map.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

plan

  1. first-person singular present indicative of plannen
  2. imperative of plannen

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From earlier plant, derived from the verb planter. Doublet of plant. Or from Latin planus

Noun[edit]

plan m (plural plans)

  1. plan
  2. map (schematic maps of streets, subways, etc.)
  3. plane (both flat surface and mathematical plane)
  4. (film) shot
  5. (slang, dated) A small case inserted in the rectum in order to hide one's valuables from a full-body search.
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Latin plānus. Doublet of plain, which was inherited, and piano.

Adjective[edit]

plan (feminine singular plane, masculine plural plans, feminine plural planes)

  1. planar

Further reading[edit]


Friulian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin plānus.

Adjective[edit]

plan

  1. flat, level, plane

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

plan m (plural plans)

  1. plane
  2. plan

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin plānus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

plan (comparative planer, superlative am plansten)

  1. (technical) planar, flat
  2. (archaic) plain, forthright
    • 1887, Gradenwitz, Otto, Die Ungültigkeit obligatorischer Rechtsgeschäfte, Berlin: Weidmannsche Buchhandlung, page 108:
      [Zur Auslegung von Dig. 16, 1, 8, 2] Ferner muss man wohl sagen, dass eine so plane Wahrheit, wie die, dass im Falle des Betruges keine Intercession vorliege, nicht erst von Marcellus entdeckt worden sein kann, und dass daher nicht erst Marcellus in seinen Noten den Julianus dahin zu corrigiren brauchte; dass die Betrügerin nicht intercedirt hat, das wusste auch Julianus!
      [Regarding the interpretation of Dig. 16, 1, 8, 2] One must say furthermore fittingly that such a plain truth like that in the case of fraud there is no intercession cannot have been discovered only by Marcellus, and that hence Marcellus did not have to correct Julianus in his notes; that the fraudstress has not interceded, this was already known to Julianus!

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • plan” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • plan in Duden online

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin plānum, via German Plan

Noun[edit]

plan m (definite singular planen, indefinite plural planer, definite plural planene)

  1. a plan
  2. a level or plane

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From German Plan, from Latin plānum.

Noun[edit]

plan n (definite singular planet, indefinite plural plan, definite plural plana)

  1. plane
  2. level

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

plan m (definite singular planen, indefinite plural planar, definite plural planane)

  1. a plan
    Kva er planen din?What's your plan?
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Latin planus.

Adjective[edit]

plan (masculine and feminine plan, neuter plant, definite singular and plural plane, comparative planare, indefinite superlative planast, definite superlative planaste)

  1. plane, flat

References[edit]


Occitan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

plan m (plural plans)

  1. plan (a drawing showing technical details of a building)
  2. plan (a set of intended actions)

Adjective[edit]

plan m (feminine singular plana, masculine plural plans, feminine plural planas)

  1. flat
    Synonym: planièr

Adverb[edit]

plan

  1. well
    Antonym: mal
  2. very, quite
    Synonym: fòrça
    mercés planthank you very much

Further reading[edit]

  • Joan de Cantalausa (2006) Diccionari general occitan a partir dels parlars lengadocians, 2 edition, →ISBN, page 754.

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

plan m inan

  1. plan
    Pani Magdalena, zgodnie z planem swojej intrygi, zaaranżowała spotkanie, na którym jej córka sfilmowała dyrektora instytutu wpatrującego się w kuszące piersi matki.
    Ms. Magdalena, according to the plan of her intrigue, arranged a meeting at which her daughter filmed the director of the institute staring at the mother's tempting breasts.
  2. set (scenery for a film or play)

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • plan in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German Plan

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

plȃn m (Cyrillic spelling пла̑н)

  1. plan

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From plano.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

plan m (plural planes)

  1. plan
  2. scheme (systematic plan of future action)
  3. intention
  4. (colloquial) mood
    Vamos en plan rómantico.We’re going in a romantic mood.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

plan (comparative planare, superlative planast)

  1. flat; horizontal (of a surface)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of plan
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular plan planare planast
Neuter singular plant planare planast
Plural plana planare planast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 plane planare planaste
All plana planare planaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.

Noun[edit]

plan n

  1. (mathematics) a plane; flat surface.
  2. a plane; level of existence
    astralplanastral plane
  3. an aeroplane
    Synonym: flygplan
  4. a plaza

Declension[edit]

Declension of plan 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative plan planet plan planen
Genitive plans planets plans planens

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

plan c

  1. a drawing showing how to construct a building, machine, etc.
  2. a set of intended actions, through which one expects to achieve a goal.

Declension[edit]

Declension of plan 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative plan planen planer planerna
Genitive plans planens planers planernas

Derived terms[edit]


Volapük[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

plan (nominative plural plans)

  1. plant (botany)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]