From Middle English custume, borrowed from Anglo-Norman custume, from Old French coustume, from a Vulgar Latin *cōnsuētūmen or *costūmen, from Latin cōnsuētūdinem, accusative singular of cōnsuētūdō (“custom, habit”), from cōnsuēscō (“accustom, habituate”), from con- (“with”) + suēscō (“become used or accustomed”), inchoative form of sueō (“I am accustomed”), perhaps from suus (“one's own, his own”); see consuetude. Displaced native Middle English wune, wone (“custom, habit, practice”) (from Old English wuna (“custom, habit, practice, rite”)), Middle English side, sid (“custom”) (from Old English sidu, sido (“custom, note, manner”)), Middle English cure (“custom, choice, preference”) (from Old English cyre (“choice, choosing, free will”)).
- Frequent repetition of the same behavior; way of behavior common to many; ordinary manner; habitual practice; method of doing, living or behaving.
- c. 1599–1602, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Hamlet, Prince of Denmarke”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act I, scene iv]:
- A custom
More honour'd in the breach than the observance.
- Traditional beliefs or rituals
- Habitual buying of goods; practice of frequenting, as a shop, manufactory, etc., for making purchases or giving orders; business support.
- Let him have your custom, but not your votes. - (Can we date this quote by Joseph Addison?)
- (law) Long-established practice, considered as unwritten law, and resting for authority on long consent; usage. See Usage, and Prescription.
- Usage is a fact. Custom is a law. There can be no custom without usage, though there may be usage without custom. (Can we date this quote by Wharton?)
- (obsolete) Familiar acquaintance; familiarity.
- c. 1606–1607, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Anthonie and Cleopatra”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act II, scene ii]:
- Age can not wither her, nor custom stale
Her infinite variety.
- The customary toll, tax, or tribute.
- Render, therefore, to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute is due; custom to whom custom. (Can we date this quote by Rom.?) xiii. 7
custom (not comparable)
- Created under particular specifications, specially to fit one's needs: specialized, unique, custom-made
- My feet are as big as powerboats, so I need custom shoes.
- Own, personal, not standard or premade
- We can embroider a wide range of ready designs or a custom logo.
- (archaic) accustomed; usual
- See also: Thesaurus:custom-made
- (obsolete, transitive) To make familiar; to accustom.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Gray to this entry?)
- (obsolete, transitive) To supply with customers.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Francis Bacon to this entry?)
- (obsolete, transitive) To pay the customs of.
- (obsolete, intransitive) To have a custom.
- On a bridge he custometh to fight. Edmund Spenser.