suesco

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *swe-dʰh₁-, expanded from the reflexive pronoun Proto-Indo-European *swe- ‎(self) + *dʰeh₁- ‎(to put, place, set), thus the original sense to "set as one's own". Cognate with Ancient Greek ἔθω ‎(éthō), εἴωθα ‎(eíōtha), ἔθνος ‎(éthnos), ἔθος ‎(éthos), ἦθος ‎(êthos), Sanskrit स्वधा ‎(svadhā) and Gothic 𐍃𐌹𐌳𐌿𐍃 ‎(sidus).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

suēscō ‎(present infinitive suēscere, perfect active suēvī, supine suētum); third conjugation

  1. (intransitive, rare, poetic) I become used or accustomed to
  2. (transitive, rare, post-classical) I accustom, habituate, train

Usage notes[edit]

This verb is rare and poetic, and prefixed forms such as adsuēsco are more frequent.

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of suesco (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present suēscō suēscis suēscit suēscimus suēscitis suēscunt
imperfect suēscēbam suēscēbās suēscēbat suēscēbāmus suēscēbātis suēscēbant
future suēscam suēscēs suēscet suēscēmus suēscētis suēscent
perfect suēvī suēvistī suēvit suēvimus suēvistis suēvērunt, suēvēre
pluperfect suēveram suēverās suēverat suēverāmus suēverātis suēverant
future perfect suēverō suēveris suēverit suēverimus suēveritis suēverint
passive present suēscor suēsceris, suēscere suēscitur suēscimur suēsciminī suēscuntur
imperfect suēscēbar suēscēbāris, suēscēbāre suēscēbātur suēscēbāmur suēscēbāminī suēscēbantur
future suēscar suēscēris, suēscēre suēscētur suēscēmur suēscēminī suēscentur
perfect suētus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect suētus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect suētus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present suēscam suēscās suēscat suēscāmus suēscātis suēscant
imperfect suēscerem suēscerēs suēsceret suēscerēmus suēscerētis suēscerent
perfect suēverim suēverīs suēverit suēverīmus suēverītis suēverint
pluperfect suēvissem suēvissēs suēvisset suēvissēmus suēvissētis suēvissent
passive present suēscar suēscāris, suēscāre suēscātur suēscāmur suēscāminī suēscantur
imperfect suēscerer suēscerēris, suēscerēre suēscerētur suēscerēmur suēscerēminī suēscerentur
perfect suētus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect suētus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present suēsce suēscite
future suēscitō suēscitō suēscitōte suēscuntō
passive present suēscere suēsciminī
future suēscitor suēscitor suēscuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives suēscere suēvisse suētūrus esse suēscī suētus esse suētum īrī
participles suēscēns suētūrus suētus suēscendus

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • suesco” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
  • Michiel de Vaan (2008), Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers