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accustom +‎ -ed


  • IPA(key): /ə.ˈkʌs.təmd/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ac‧cus‧tomed


accustomed (comparative more accustomed, superlative most accustomed)

  1. Familiar with something through repeated experience; adapted to existing conditions. (of a person)
    I am not accustomed to walking long distances
    She is getting more and more accustomed to the cold
  2. Familiar through use; usual; customary. (of a thing, condition, activity, etc.)
    • c. 1606 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Macbeth”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act V, scene v]:
      It is an accustomed action with her, to seem thus washing her hands: I have known her continue in this a quarter of an hour.
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, chapter 9, in The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling, volumes (please specify |volume=I to VI), London: A[ndrew] Millar, [], →OCLC, book 4, page 170:
      Molly had no sooner apparelled herself in her accustomed Rags, than her Sisters began to fall violently upon her []
    • 1812, Lord Byron, Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage, Canto 2, Stanza 72, in The Poetical Works of Lord Byron, Boston: Cummings & Hilliard, 1814, Volume I, p. 249,[4]
      Who now shall lead thy scatter’d children forth,
      And long-accustom’d bondage uncreate?
    • 1912, Rabindranath Tagore, Gitanjali, London: The India Society, Section 63, p. 37,[5]
      I am uneasy at heart when I have to leave my accustomed shelter; I forget that there abides the old in the new, and that there also thou abidest.
    • 1983 April 30, Larry Goldsmith, “Yes, Loft Raided Again, Club Officers Charged”, in Gay Community News, page 1:
      The raid, directed as usual by vice squad Sgt. Edward McNelley and featuring the accustomed assortment of vice officers, []
  3. (archaic) Frequented by customers.
    • 1778, Tobias Smollett (translator), The Adventures of Gil Blas of Santillane by Alain-René Lesage, London: S. Crowder et al., Volume I, Chapter 7, p. 148,[6]
      There I got a place on the same terms as at Segovia, in a well accustomed shop, much frequented on account of the neighbourhood of the church of Santa Cruz, and the Prince’s theatre []
    • 1817, Seth William Stevenson[7], Journal of a Tour through Part of France, Flanders, and Holland, Norwich: for the author, Chapter 21, p. 283,[8]
      The pompous hotel is a lone cottage of very mean appearance, on the road side, and I will be sworn, was but an ill-accustomed Inn, until those renowned Generals justly gave it a licence.

Usage notes[edit]

When referring to a person, accustomed is only used predicatively; when referring to a thing, it is only used attributively. The use of the infinitive following accustomed (e.g. accustomed to do) is obsolete; in contemporary English, the gerund is used in this context (e.g. accustomed to doing).


Derived terms[edit]




  1. simple past and past participle of accustom