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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kroːns): semantic  ‎(heart) + phonetic  ‎(OC *koːn, *koːns) – habit is what one does by heart.

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +11, 14 strokes, cangjie input 心田十金 (PWJC), four-corner 97086, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 399, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11111
  • Dae Jaweon: page 739, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2349, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6163

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kuan⁵¹/
Harbin /kaun⁵³/
Tianjin /kuan⁵³/
Jinan /kuã²¹/
Qingdao /kuã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /kuan³¹²/
Xi'an /kuã⁴⁴/
Xining /kuã²¹³/
Yinchuan /kuan¹³/
Lanzhou /kuɛ̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /kuan²¹³/
Wuhan /kuan³⁵/
Chengdu /kuan¹³/
Guiyang /kuan²¹³/
Kunming /kuã̠²¹²/
Nanjing /kuaŋ⁴⁴/
Hefei /kʊ̃⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /kuæ̃⁴⁵/
Pingyao /kuɑŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /kuæ̃⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /kue³⁵/
Suzhou /kue̞⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /kuõ⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /ka⁴²/
Hui Shexian /kuɛ³²⁴/
Tunxi /kuːə⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /kuan⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /kuan⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /kuan⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kuan⁵³/
Taoyuan /kuɑn⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kwan³³/
Nanning /kʷɛn³³/
Hong Kong /kwan³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kuan²¹/
/kuãi²¹/
/kuĩ²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kuɑŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kuiŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kuaŋ²¹³/
/kũi²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kuaŋ³⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final: (70)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Closed
Division: II
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: guàn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɣuanH/ /kʷɯanH/ /kuɐnH/ /kwaɨnH/ /kuanH/ /kwanH/ /kwanH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
guàn ‹ kwænH › /*kˤro[n]-s/ accustomed to

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4471 3 /*kroːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. habit, custom
  2. habitually, usually
  3. be accustomed to

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gwan) (hangeul , revised gwan, McCune-Reischauer kwan, Yale kwan)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(quán, quen)

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