From Middle English habit, from Latin habitus (“condition, bearing, state, appearance, dress, attire”), from habeō (“I have, hold, keep”). Replaced Middle English abit, from Old French abit, itself from the same Latin source. Displaced native Old English þēaw.
- An action performed on a regular basis.
- Synonym: wont
- 2013 July 19, Ian Sample, “Irregular bedtimes may affect children's brains”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 6, page 34:
- Irregular bedtimes may disrupt healthy brain development in young children, according to a study of intelligence and sleeping habits. ¶ Going to bed at a different time each night affected girls more than boys, but both fared worse on mental tasks than children who had a set bedtime, researchers found.
- It’s become a habit of mine to have a cup of coffee after dinner.
- An action performed repeatedly and automatically, usually without awareness.
- By force of habit, he dressed for work even though it was holiday.
- A long piece of clothing worn by monks and nuns.
- It’s interesting how Catholic and Buddhist monks both wear habits.
- A piece of clothing worn uniformly for a specific activity.
- 2015, Alison Matthews David, Fashion Victims: The Damages of Dress Past and Present, →ISBN, page 34:
- Sidesaddle riding habits were prestigious tailored sportswear appropriate for the equestrian pursuits of the truly wealthy.
- The new riding habits of the team looked smashing!
- (archaic) Outward appearance; attire; dress.
- c. 1587–1588, [Christopher Marlowe], Tamburlaine the Great. […] The First Part […], part 1, 2nd edition, London: […] [R. Robinson for] Richard Iones, […], published 1592, OCLC 932920499; reprinted as Tamburlaine the Great (A Scolar Press Facsimile), Menston, Yorkshire; London: Scolar Press, 1973, →ISBN, Act I, scene ii:
- Noble and milde this Perſean ſeemes to be,
If outward habit Iudge the inward man.
- 1705, J[oseph] Addison, Remarks on Several Parts of Italy, &c. in the Years 1701, 1702, 1703, London: […] Jacob Tonson, […], OCLC 1051505315:
- There are, among the statues, several of Venus, in different habits.
- (botany, mineralogy) Form of growth or general appearance of a variety or species of plant or crystal.
- An addiction.
- He has a 10-cigar habit.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
- “habit” in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
- “habit” in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
According to Orel, borrowed from a South Slavic language and ultimately derived from Proto-Slavic *xabiti (“to spoil, to waste”). Compare Old Church Slavonic хабити (xabiti), Serbo-Croatian habiti (“damage, destroy”), and Bulgarian хабя (habja, “destroy, spend; blunt”).
- ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “habit”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 141
- ^ Topalli, Kolec (2017), “habit”, in Fjalor Etimologjik i Gjuhës Shqipe, Durrës, Albania: Jozef, page 608-609
- ^ Omari, Anila (2012), “habit”, in Marrëdhëniet Gjuhësore Shqiptaro-Serbe, Tirana, Albania: Krishtalina KH, page 153
habit m (plural habits)
- → German: Habit
- “habit”, in Trésor de la langue française informatisé [Digitized Treasury of the French Language], 2012.
- Alternative form of
habit m inan (diminutive habicik)
- habit (clothing worn by monks and nuns)