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U+6162, 慢
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6162

[U+6161]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6163]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
14 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 61, +11, 14 strokes, cangjie input 心日田水 (PAWE), four-corner 96047, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 399, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11110
  • Dae Jaweon: page 738, character 29
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2346, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6162

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms ⿰忄万 second round simplified

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mroːn, *moːns, *mons
*mroːn
*mroːn, *mroːns, *mon, *moːn, *moːns
*mroːns
*mroːns
*mroːns, *moːns
*moːn, *mons
*moːn
*moːn, *mons
*moːn, *mons
*moːn, *moːns
*moːn, *moːns
*moːn
*moːns
*moːns
*mons

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mroːns): semantic  (heart) + phonetic  (OC *moːn, *mons) – a character trait or behavior (of the heart), sluggish. Note that also means “long, extended”, so connotations of “take a long time, leisurely, sluggish”.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • bhuêng6 - Chaozhou;
  • muang6 - Jieyang, Raoping, Chaoyang.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /man⁵¹/
    Harbin /man⁵³/
    Tianjin /man⁵³/
    Jinan /mã²¹/
    Qingdao /mã⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /man³¹²/
    Xi'an /mã⁴⁴/
    Xining /mã²¹³/
    Yinchuan /man¹³/
    Lanzhou /mɛ̃n¹³/
    Ürümqi /man²¹³/
    Wuhan /man³⁵/
    Chengdu /man¹³/
    Guiyang /man²¹³/
    Kunming /mã̠²¹²/
    Nanjing /maŋ⁴⁴/
    Hefei /mæ̃⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /mæ̃⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /mɑŋ³⁵/
    Hohhot /mæ̃⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /me²³/
    Suzhou /me̞³¹/
    Hangzhou /mẽ̞¹³/
    Wenzhou /ma²²/
    Hui Shexian /mɛ²²/
    Tunxi /muːə¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /man⁵⁵/
    /man¹¹/
    Xiangtan /man²¹/
    Gan Nanchang /man²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /man⁵³/
    Taoyuan /mɑn⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /man²²/
    Nanning /man²²/
    Hong Kong /man²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ban²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /maiŋ²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /maiŋ⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /maŋ³¹/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /maŋ²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (69)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /mˠanH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /mᵚanH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /mɐnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /maɨnH/
    Li
    Rong
    /manH/
    Wang
    Li
    /manH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /manH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    màn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    màn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ mænH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mˤra[n]-s/
    English disrespectful

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 8735
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mroːns/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. slow; sluggish
    2. slowly, leisurely

    Antonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. (おそい) slow
    2. (おこたる) negligent
    3. (あなどるおごる) arrogant

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (man) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer man, Yale man)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (mạn, mắn)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.