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U+664F, 晏
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-664F

[U+664E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6650]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 72 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 日十女 (AJV), four-corner 60404, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 495, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13914
  • Dae Jaweon: page 860, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1509, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+664F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qaːn
*qaːn
*qaːn
*qaːn
*qaːns
*qaːns
*qaːns
*qaːns
*qaːns, *qraːns
*qraːns
*qraːns
*qraːns
*qaːd
*qaːd
*qaːd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qaːns, *qraːns): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *qaːn).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /iɛn⁵¹/
Harbin /ian⁵³/
Tianjin /ian⁵³/
Jinan /iã²¹/
Qingdao /iã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ian³¹²/
Xi'an /iã⁴⁴/
Xining /iã²¹³/
Yinchuan /ian¹³/
Lanzhou /iɛ̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /ian²¹³/
Wuhan /iɛn³⁵/
Chengdu /ian¹³/
Guiyang /ian²¹³/
/ŋan²¹³/
Kunming /iɛ̃²¹²/
Nanjing /ien/
Hefei /iĩ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /ie⁴⁵/
Pingyao
Hohhot /ie⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /e³⁵/
/i³⁵/
Suzhou /iɪ⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /ʔẽ̞⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /a⁴²/
Hui Shexian /ŋɛ³²⁴/
Tunxi /ŋɔ⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /ŋan⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /ŋan⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /ŋan⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /ian⁵³/
Taoyuan /ʒen⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /an³³/
Nanning /an³³/
Hong Kong /an³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /an²¹/
/uã²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /iɛŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /uiŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /aŋ²¹³/
/uã²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /aŋ³⁵/
/ua³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (34) (34)
Final () (61) (69)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔɑnH/ /ʔˠanH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔɑnH/ /ʔᵚanH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɑnH/ /ʔɐnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔanH/ /ʔaɨnH/
Li
Rong
/ʔɑnH/ /ʔanH/
Wang
Li
/ɑnH/ /anH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔɑnH/ /ʔanH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
àn yàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yàn yàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔænH › ‹ ʔenH ›
Old
Chinese
/*ʔˤ<r>a[n]-s/ /*ʔˤe[n]-s/
English peace, rest rest (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 19 20
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qaːns/ /*qraːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. late; near the end of a period of time
      ―  yàn  ―  to get up late
  2. late in the day
    / [Cantonese]  ―  aan3 zau3 [Jyutping]  ―  afternoon
    放工嗰時塞車搞到屋企 [Cantonese, trad.]
    放工𠮶时塞车搞到屋企 [Cantonese, simp.]
    Fong3 gung1 go2 si4 hou2 sak1 ce1, gaau2 dou3 hou2 aan3 sin1 faan1 dou3-2 uk1 kei5-2. [Jyutping]
    The traffic was quite bad when I left work, so I got home really late.
    天氣報告今日落雨 [Cantonese, trad.]
    天气报告今日落雨 [Cantonese, simp.]
    Tin1 hei3 bou3 gou3 waa6 gam1 jat6 aan3 di1 wui5 lok6 jyu5 wo5. [Jyutping]
    The weather forecast said it'll rain later today.
  3. (Cantonese) lunch (Classifier: )
  4. sunny and cloudless
  5. peaceful; tranquil; serene
    河清海  ―  héqīng hǎiyàn  ―  the (Yellow) River is clear and the sea is calm; the world is peaceful and prosperous
  6. A surname​.

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(an) (hangeul , revised an, McCune-Reischauer an, Yale an)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(yến)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.