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U+664F, 晏
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-664F

[U+664E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6650]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 72, +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 日十女 (AJV), four-corner 60404, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 495, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13914
  • Dae Jaweon: page 860, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1509, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+664F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qaːns, *qraːns): semantic + phonetic (OC *qaːn).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.
Note:
  • òaⁿ - vernacular;
  • àn - literary.
Note:
  • uan3 - vernacular (late);
  • ang3 - literary.
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 2e - vernacular;
    • 2i - literary.
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /iɛn⁵¹/
    Harbin /ian⁵³/
    Tianjin /ian⁵³/
    Jinan /iã²¹/
    Qingdao /iã⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ian³¹²/
    Xi'an /iã⁴⁴/
    Xining /iã²¹³/
    Yinchuan /ian¹³/
    Lanzhou /iɛ̃n¹³/
    Ürümqi /ian²¹³/
    Wuhan /iɛn³⁵/
    Chengdu /ian¹³/
    Guiyang /ian²¹³/
    /ŋan²¹³/
    Kunming /iɛ̃²¹²/
    Nanjing /ien/
    Hefei /iĩ⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /ie⁴⁵/
    Pingyao
    Hohhot /ie⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /e³⁵/
    /i³⁵/
    Suzhou /iɪ⁵¹³/
    Hangzhou /ʔẽ̞⁴⁴⁵/
    Wenzhou /a⁴²/
    Hui Shexian /ŋɛ³²⁴/
    Tunxi /ŋɔ⁴²/
    Xiang Changsha /ŋan⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /ŋan⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /ŋan⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /ian⁵³/
    Taoyuan /ʒen⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /an³³/
    Nanning /an³³/
    Hong Kong /an³³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /an²¹/
    /uã²¹/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /iɛŋ²¹²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /uiŋ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /aŋ²¹³/
    /uã²¹³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /aŋ³⁵/
    /ua³⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (34) (34)
    Final () (61) (69)
    Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () I II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔɑnH/ /ʔˠanH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔɑnH/ /ʔᵚanH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔɑnH/ /ʔɐnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔanH/ /ʔaɨnH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔɑnH/ /ʔanH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɑnH/ /anH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔɑnH/ /ʔanH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    àn yàn
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    on3 aan3
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yàn yàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔænH › ‹ ʔenH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔˁ<r>a[n]-s/ /*ʔˁe[n]-s/
    English peace, rest rest (v.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 19 20
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1 1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qaːns/ /*qraːns/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. late; near the end of a period of time
        ―  yàn  ―  to get up late
    2. late in the day
      / [Cantonese]  ―  aan3 zau3 [Jyutping]  ―  afternoon
      放工嗰時塞車搞到屋企 [Cantonese, trad.]
      放工嗰时塞车搞到屋企 [Cantonese, simp.]
      fong3 gung1 go2 si4 hou2 sak1 ce1, gaau2 dou3 hou2 aan3 sin1 faan1 dou3-2 uk1 kei5-2. [Jyutping]
      The traffic was quite bad when I left work, so I got home really late.
      天氣報告今日落雨 [Cantonese, trad.]
      天气报告今日落雨 [Cantonese, simp.]
      tin1 hei3 bou3 gou3 waa6 gam1 jat6 aan3 di1 wui5 lok6 jyu5 wo5. [Jyutping]
      The weather forecast said it'll rain later today.
    3. (Cantonese) lunch (Classifier: )
      [Cantonese]  ―  sik6 aan3 [Jyutping]  ―  to have lunch
    4. sunny and cloudless
    5. peaceful; tranquil; serene
      河清海  ―  héqīng hǎiyàn  ―  the (Yellow) River is clear and the sea is calm; the world is peaceful and prosperous
    6. A surname​.

    Synonyms[edit]

    • (late):
    • (lunch):

    Compounds[edit]

    Further reading[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    • On (unclassified): あん (an)
    • Kun: おそい (osoi)

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    あん
    Jinmeiyō
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC ʔɑnH, ʔˠanH).

    Affix[edit]

    (あん) (an

    1. late (of time)
    2. peaceful; tranquil; calm; quiet

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (an) (hangeul , revised an, McCune–Reischauer an, Yale an)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: yến

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.