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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic .

Han character[edit]

(radical 64 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 手十女 (QJV), four-corner 53044, composition)

  1. put hand on, press down with hand

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 429, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12038
  • Dae Jaweon: page 779, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1876, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6309

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (按), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 寒
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 烏旰切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɑnH/ /ʔɑnH/ /ʔɑnH/ /ʔɑnH/ /ʔanH/ /ɑnH/ /ʔɑnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
àn ‹ ʔanH › /*ʔˤa[n]-s/ repress

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15 1 /*qaːns/

Verb[edit]

  1. to push; to press
    /   ―  ànniǔ  ―  to press a button

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(an, al) (hangeul , , revised an, al, McCune-Reischauer an, al, Yale an, al)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(án, ấn, ướn)

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