左右

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Chinese[edit]

left right (-hand)
simp. and trad.
(左右)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/2 2/2
Initial () (13) (13) (35) (35)
Final () (94) (94) (136) (136)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open Open
Division () I I III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sɑX/ /t͡sɑH/ /ɦɨuX/ /ɦɨuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sɑX/ /t͡sɑH/ /ɦiuX/ /ɦiuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sɑX/ /t͡sɑH/ /ɣiəuX/ /ɣiəuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡saX/ /t͡saH/ /ɦuwX/ /ɦuwH/
Li
Rong
/t͡sɑX/ /t͡sɑH/ /ɣiuX/ /ɣiuH/
Wang
Li
/t͡sɑX/ /t͡sɑH/ /ɣĭəuX/ /ɣĭəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sɑX/ /t͡sɑH/ /i̯ə̯uX/ /i̯ə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zuǒ zuò yǒu yòu
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zo2 zo3 jau5 jau6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zuǒ zuǒ zuǒ yòu yòu
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsaX › ‹ tsaX › ‹ tsaH › ‹ hjuwX › ‹ hjuwH ›
Old
Chinese
/*tsˁa[j]ʔ/ /*tsˁa[j]ʔ/ /*tsˁarʔ-s/ /*[ɢ]ʷəʔ/ /*[ɢ]ʷəʔ-s/ (~ *m-qʷəʔ)
English left (side) assist assist right hand right hand

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/2 2/2
No. 18004 18006 15597 15604
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1 0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsaːlʔ/ /*ʔsaːls/ /*ɢʷɯʔ/ /*ɢʷɯs/

Noun[edit]

左右

  1. left and right
  2. left and right sides; both sides
  3. entourage; retinue; attendants

Adverb[edit]

左右

  1. about; or so; or thereabouts; around
    身高可能左右 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    Tā shēngāo kěnéng zài sān mǐ zuǒyòu. [Pinyin]
    He was about three meters tall.
    30分鐘左右 [Cantonese, trad.]
    30分钟左右 [Cantonese, simp.]
    saam1 sap6 fan1 zung1 zo2 jau6 [Jyutping]
    about 30 minutes
    估計溫度左右 [MSC, trad.]
    估计温度左右 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ gūjì wēndù dōu zài shí dù zuǒyòu ba. [Pinyin]
    I guess the temperature is around ten degrees now.

Synonyms[edit]

edit

Verb[edit]

左右

  1. to control; to manipulate; to influence

Synonyms[edit]

edit

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (左右):
  • Japanese: ()(ゆう) (sayū)
  • Korean: 좌우 (左右, jwau)
  • Vietnamese: tả hữu (左右)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
ゆう
Grade: 1
on’yomi

Etymology 1[edit]

From (sa, left) +‎ (, right).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

()(ゆう) (sayū

  1. left and right
    横断歩道(おうだんほどう)(わた)(まえ)()(ゆう)確認(かくにん)する
    Ōdanhodō o wataru mae ni wa, sayū o kakunin suru.
    Check left and right before you cross the crosswalk.
  1. both sides
  2. control
  3. influence
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

()(ゆう)する (sayū surusuru (stem ()(ゆう) (sayū shi), past ()(ゆう)した (sayū shita))

  1. to sway, to influence
  2. to have under one's control
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

左右(そう) (さう (sau)?

  1. (obsolete) left and right

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

左右(さう) (sau

  1. (obsolete) left and right

Etymology 4[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of 左右 – see the following entry.
とかく
[adverb] being apt to; being prone to; tending to
[adverb] (in the form of とかく (tokaku no)) all sorts of (negative things); various
[adverb] this and that
[adverb] anyway, anyhow
[noun] (idiomatic, Buddhism) things that do not exist; rabbit horns
Alternative spellings
兎角, 左右
(This term, 左右, is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

左右 (jwau) (hangeul 좌우)

  1. Hanja form? of 좌우 (left and right).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Noun[edit]

左右

  1. Hán tự form of tả hữu (left and right).