Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:
U+7C73, 米
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7C73

[U+7C72]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7C74]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
米-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 119 +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 火木 (FD), four-corner 90904, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #119, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 906, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26832
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1331, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3141, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7C73

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
米-oracle.svg 米-bronze.svg 米-silk.svg 米-slip.svg 米-seal.svg 米-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*miː, *miːs
*miː
*miːʔ
*miːʔ
*miːʔ
*miːʔ
*me
*me
*mral
*meʔ
*meʔ
*mril
*mril
*mril

Etymology[edit]

“uncooked rice; husked seed; etc.”
From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ma-j ~ mej (rice; paddy). Cognate with Garo mi, Atong (India) mai.
“metre”
Short for 米突 (mǐtū), from English metre.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: mai5-1 - “metre”.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /mi²¹⁴/
Harbin /mi²¹³/
Tianjin /mi¹³/
Jinan /mi⁵⁵/
Qingdao /mi⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /mi⁵³/
Xi'an /mi⁵³/
Xining /mji⁵³/
Yinchuan /mi⁵³/
Lanzhou /mi⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /mi⁵¹/
Wuhan /mi⁴²/
Chengdu /mi⁵³/
Guiyang /mi⁴²/
Kunming /mi⁵³/
Nanjing /mi²¹²/
Hefei /mz̩²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /mi⁵³/
Pingyao /mi⁵³/
Hohhot /mi⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /mi²³/
Suzhou /mi³¹/
Hangzhou /mi⁵³/
Wenzhou /mei³⁵/
Hui Shexian /mi³⁵/
Tunxi /me²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /mi⁴¹/
Xiangtan /mi⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /mi²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /mi³¹/
Taoyuan /mi³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /mɐi²³/
Nanning /mei²⁴/
Hong Kong /mɐi¹³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /bi⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /mi³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /mi²¹/
/mi⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /bi⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /vi²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (39)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/meiX/
Pan
Wuyun
/meiX/
Shao
Rongfen
/mɛiX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/mɛjX/
Li
Rong
/meiX/
Wang
Li
/mieiX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mieiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ mejX ›
Old
Chinese
/*(C.)mˤ[e]jʔ/
English millet or rice grains, dehusked and polished

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9003
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*miːʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. hulled or husked uncooked rice
  2. husked seed
  3. grain-like things
  4. (chiefly Cantonese) Short for 米粉 (mǐfěn, “rice vermicelli”).
    星洲炒  ―  Xīngzhōu chǎo  ―  Singapore-style noodles
  5. metre
      ―  Wǒ yǒu yī jiǔ gāo.  ―  I'm 1.9 metres tall.

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]

  • (unit of length): (zhàng), (chǐ), (cùn), (fēn)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

References[edit]

  • New Nelson: 4380
  • Halpern: 3529
  • Halpern Learners: 2198
  • Heisig: 919
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 6b0.1
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana こめ, rōmaji kome)

  1. rice

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana べい, rōmaji bei)

  1. rice
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana よね, rōmaji yone)

  1. eighty-eight years old (colloquial)
  2. rice (archaic)
Synonyms[edit]
  •  (はち) (じゅう) (はち) (さい) (hachijūhachisai)

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

(katakana メートル, rōmaji mētoru)

  1. metre, meter


Etymology 5[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana べい, rōmaji Bei)

  1. America, American, Americo-
    米国 (べいこく)
    Beikoku
    US, USA, United States
     (べい) () (かん) (けい)
    Bei-Ro kankei
    US-Russia relations
    北米 (ほくべい)
    Hokubei
    North America
     (なん) (べい)
    Nanbei
    South America
    米大統領選 (べいだいとうりょうせん)
    bei-daitōryō-sen
    US presidential election

Etymology 6[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana よね, rōmaji Yone)

  1. A surname​.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō
  2. ^ Hirayama, Tetsuo (1960) 全国アクセント辞典 (Nationwide Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: 東京堂,.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(mi) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer mi, Yale mi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, mễ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.